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SOFTBALL

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by

valery perez

on 18 November 2014

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Transcript of SOFTBALL

SOFTBALL
1887
1994
1926
1996
Who Created Softball?
Many people think that softball came from Baseball but it all actually started in 1887on Thanksgiving Day while waiting for the outcome of a Harvard vs. Yale football game. While Yale was announced as winner, a Yale alumni playfully threw a boxing glove at a Harvard supporter and the Harvard fan swung the glove with a stick. Therefore, a game of softball began with a stick, a boxing glove and a group of football fans!
Softball Team Uniform in 1944
Who named it Softball?
Softball wasn't always called Softball
It was first referred to as "indoor baseball," "kitten baseball," "diamond ball," "pumpkin ball," as well as "mush ball."
It was until 1926 when Walter Hakanson came up with the term Softball while representing the YMCA at a National Recreation Congress meeting.
The term "Softball" was official in the year of 1930
Recognition
History of Softball
PHILOSOPHY
Sports sociology: the study of relationship between sports and society

Gender and race:
created by men but played by women
considered too masculine for women in the early 1900s
women participation increased after WWII
economic, institutional and cultural plays role

Media:
> Pros
able to showcase talents to scouts/large audiences
able to look up to role models
> Cons
inferior compared to men sports
affect school choice
SOCIOLOGY
PSYCHOLOGY
Mental Toughness :
the ability to focus and cope with failure better than you opponent

Process Focus
steps to take in the moment
Outcome Focus
thinking about past experiences and what can happen in the future
Mental Preparation
imagery
communication
rituals
EXERCISE PHYSIOLOGY
Goals
:
Strength and Agility through exercise and diet
maintain diet high in protein
build muscle and muscle memory
Conditioning
Knee Tucks
Lunges
Running
Fast Twitch Muscles
Practice Makes Perfect


Fast Pitch Softball
Pitches
Drop Ball, Curve Ball,
Screw Ball, Rise Ball and Fast Ball
Motion
Balance
Reaction
MOTOR BEHAVIOR
Motor skills vary
Performance, learning, practice
Gaining skill experience changes the amount of attention that we dedicate to its execution
Cognitive stage -> associative stage -> autonomous stage
Motor learning: set of internal processes associated with practice or experience leading to changes in the capability for skilled behavior
By: Valery Perez, Mia Silva,Mariely Olivo, Renette Rabaya, Diego Hernandez
Softball is one of the most popular sports in the country
40 million Americans participate in at least one softball game each year
Fastpitch Softball was included in the 1996 Summer Olypics for the first time
Works Cited
"History of Softball." Athletic Scholarships. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Nov. 2014
"Softball: The Good Is the Enemy of the Best." The Baseball Guru. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Nov. 2014.
Male vs. Female
Usually, males are dominant in sports other than females
In Softball, the male physical features are not always key
"Softball requires timing, coordination and knowledge of the game, control, competitiveness, and desire assests that are not exclusively male."
BIO-MECHANICS OF BATTING
Timing
Rotation
Weight Shifting
Bio-Mechanics of Throwing
Throwing has been investigated thoroughly than other activities.
The shoulder being the primary focus in the process of throwing.
The purpose is to set a rhythm to perform synchronized timing of the body.
Acceleration is the process of lateral rotation and ends when the ball releases the fingers.
Bio-Mechanics of Pitching
Bio-Mechanics
Full transcript