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The Assyrian Empire
Transcript of The Assyrian Empire
Conquerors of the Near East
Government and Laws
Government was ruled by a king
Every one had to follow the strict Assyrian laws
Breaking the law could result any thing such as beatings, mutilations, and even death.
One of the first great empires
Most formidable army in the world
Siege tactics used until gunpowder
First to use a system of provinces
Used currency somewhat
Barter based on value of tin
Great artists and sculptors
Women were trained to be a wife, mother, and housekeeper
Wove cloth, ground grain, made beer, cooked
A large amount of the factory workers were women (not upper-class)
Wore veils and loose clothing
Veil separated married women from slaves
Those not allowed to wear the veil could be punished for doing so
Father decided who his daughter was to marry
After the wedding, there was a ceremony when the girl's husband poured perfume on her head.
Economy and Trade
Created works of art
Played board games
Sang, played instruments, and danced
Assyria first rose around 2500 B.C.E.
Assyria rose from the fall of Ur's third dynasty
In 1363 B.C.E Assyria regained independence from the Mitannians
Assyrian Kings hunted lions, elephants, ostriches, and wild bulls.
Often hunted in the Syrian Plain
Servant would release the lion
The lion was attacked by dogs and beaters
The beaters beat the lion with sticks and drove them to the king
King would shoot the lion with a bow or spear
Played using stone or clay
Played with different pieces and dice
Dice were made of either bone, clay, stone, or glass
Assyria fell the first time to Hammurabi.
This was between 1781 B.C.E. and 1750 B.C.E.
The Assyrian empire fell completely by 612 B.C.E
This was due to the attacks of Media and the Chaldeans
Assyria traded and maintained a good relation with Anatolia
Their borders were constantly shifting with Bablyon
Were enemies with Bablyon, Media, and most other nations due to warfare.
Singers were both male and female
Sang in royal courts and in temples
Played musical instruments- pipes, clay whistle, harps, trumpets, drums, cymbals, and bells.
The Assyrian's main God was Ashur
Assyrians believed that he supported them against their enemies
Assyrians practiced two main religions- Ashurism and Christianity
Ashurism was the first religion of the Assyrians
"Ashurism" is derived from Ashur
Assyria was the first nation to accept Christianity
Christian holidays included Easter(Ee-daa goo-rraa) and Christmas(Ee-daa zoo-rraa)
Education was only for the upper class- mostly priests and scribes
Schools were attached to the temples
Only boys went to school
They spoke a dialect of Akkadian language
First inscriptions, called "Old Assyrian", were made during Old Assyria
Aramaic language became common during Neo-Assyria
Wrote using a cuneiform script
Siege towers and boats
Some of the first users of iron and bronze
Organized road system
Barter system based on tin
Traded with Anatolia
Traded annakum(tin), cloth, on donkeys
Sometimes sold donkeys in Anatolia
Mostly just conquered other nations
If you own it, why buy it?
Had most resources so was mostly self-sufficient
Only conquered to conquer
Why did the Assyrians fall to the Chaldeans?
Why did the Assyrians keep going to war?
How did people in Ancient Assyria entertain themselves?
Warfare and Military
Originally conscripted peasants
Then had permanent army
Chariots and horse archers
Siege tactics used until gunpowder
Strongest army in the world
Brutal conquests each year
Center of Assyrian society
Ancient Civilizations. Vol. 8. Danbury, CT: Grolier Educational, 2000. Print.
Nardo, Don. The Assyrian Empire. San Diego, CA: Lucent, 1998. Print.
Nardo, Don. Empires of Mesopotamia. San Diego, CA: Lucent, 2001. Print.
Nardo, Don. Peoples and Empires of Ancient Mesopotamia. Farmington Hills, MI: Lucent, 2008. Print.
Nemet-Nejat, Karen Rhea. Daily Life in Ancient Mesopotamia. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1998. Print.
Roaf, Michael. Mesopotamia. Barcelona: Folio, 2005. Print.
Schomp, Virginia. Ancient Mesopotamia: The Sumerians, Babylonians, and Assyrians. New York: Franklin Watts, 2004. Print.
Some artists painted scenes on brightly colored glazed bricks used to decorate temples and palaces
Others painted murals on plaster for public buildings
Artists made beautiful metal artifacts such as gold plates and ornaments
Mix of floodplains and desert
Area of natural rainfall at origin
Tigris to Euphrates
Persian Gulf to Mediterranean
Zagros and Taurus Mountains
Rich in grain and reeds
Some ore, primarily tin, emeralds from, the Zagros Mts
Mountains to North and East
Sea to West and Southeast
Desert to South and Southwest