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Overview of Aids

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Patience Nallick

on 11 April 2014

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Transcript of Overview of Aids

Global Aspects of AIDS
Location 1
2011 there were an estimated 71,300 people up from 57,000 in 2005
http://www.avert.org/canada-hiv-aids-statistics.htm
Location 3
Sub-Saharan Africa is more heavily affected by HIV and AIDS than any other region of the world. An estimated 22.9 million people are living with HIV in the region - around two thirds of the global total.
http://www.avert.org/hiv-and-aids-africa.htm
Final Destination
By the early 1990s, however, AIDS epidemics had emerged in several Asian countries, and by the end of the decade, HIV was spreading rapidly in many areas of the continent. Today, almost 5 million people are living with HIV in South, East and South-East Asia.
http://www.avert.org/hiv-and-aids-asia.htm
Location 2
CDC estimates that 1,144,500 persons aged 13 years and older are living with HIV infection. Prevalence is about 50,000 new HIV infections per year.
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/statistics/basics/ataglance.html
Overview of AIDS
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
Caused by HIV
Gradually destroys immune system and reduces the ability to fight
How is it contracted?
Sexual contact
Blood, including blood transfusions (rare) or needle sharing
From mother to child
Who is at a high risk?
Injection drug users
Infants born from mothers with HIV
Those that received blood transfusions (1977-1985)
Sexual partners of those who engage in high-risk activities
Prevention
Stigma
History
Causes
Implications
Factors leading to AIDS stigma &discrimination
AIDS
What is AIDS?
Abstinence
Safe sex practices
Awareness
- HIV/AIDS is a life-threatening disease, and therefore people react to it in strong ways.
- HIV infection is associated with certain behaviors (homosexuality, drug use, prostitution, or promiscuity) that are already stigmatized in our society.
- There is a lot of inaccurate information about how HIV is transmitted, creating irrational behavior and misperceptions of personal risk.
- Religious or moral beliefs lead some to believe that being infected with HIV is the result of moral fault that deserves to be punished.
- The effects of antiretroviral therapy on people's physical appearance ca result in forced disclosure and discrimination based on appearance.
http://www.avert.org/hiv-aids-stigma-and-discrimination.htm
Counteracting the stigma discrimination
- Increased visibility
- Education
- Confronting inaccurate messages and stereotypes
Resources
http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000594.htm
http://www.avert.org/hiv-aids-stigma-and-discrimination.htm
http://www.webmd.com/hiv-aids/guide/aids-discrimination-stigma-how-to-cope
www.theguardian.com/world/2010/nov/24/conservative-catholics-question-pope-shift
caps.ucsf.edu/uploads/projects/safeincity/sicvideo.php
Latin America
Approximately 2 million people were living with HIV in Latin America at the end of 2008. During that year, some 77,000 people in the region died of AIDS, while an estimated 170,000 were newly infected. The HIV epidemics in Latin America are fueled by varying combinations of unsafe sex (both heterosexual and homosexual) and injecting drug use.


http://www.discoverthenetworks.org/viewSubCategory.asp?id=277
Nigeria
Although West Africa is less affected by HIV infection, the prevalence in some large countries is gradually rising. The Ivory Coast, for instance, is already among the fourteen most-affected countries in the world, and in Nigeria some 2.6 million adults and children are living with HIV.


http://www.discoverthenetworks.org/viewSubCategory.asp?id=277
Education
Schools
The Workplace
Mass Media
Peers

http://abcnews.go.com/WhatWouldYouDo/witnessed-aids-discrimination/story?id=12914021

Problems:
Lack of proper and accurate information
Sex Education
Abstinence-only programs
Learn More!
Play Games!
How much do you really know?
Fun Game:
http://www.avert.org/play-avert-aids-challenge-game.htm

Fun Quiz:
http://www.avert.org/quizzes
Statistics
Africa: 97% of people living with AIDS reside in low and middle income countries, particularly in Africa.

Asia: 4.7 million people were living with AIDS in 2008.

Latin America: 2 million people were living with AIDS in 2008.

Eastern Europe: 1.5 million people living with AIDS

33.4 million are currently living with AIDS
The Center for Disease Control and Prevention
The Center for Disease Control
http://www.avert.org/hiv-aids-stigma-and-discrimination.htm
http://www.avert.org/hiv-aids-stigma-and-discrimination.htm
http://www.avert.org/hiv-aids-stigma-and-discrimination.htm
http://www.avert.org/hiv-aids-stigma-and-discrimination.htm
http://www.avert.org/hiv-aids-stigma-and-discrimination.htm
http://www.avert.org/hiv-aids-stigma-and-discrimination.htm
Full transcript