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Overview of Aids
Transcript of Overview of Aids
2011 there were an estimated 71,300 people up from 57,000 in 2005
Sub-Saharan Africa is more heavily affected by HIV and AIDS than any other region of the world. An estimated 22.9 million people are living with HIV in the region - around two thirds of the global total.
By the early 1990s, however, AIDS epidemics had emerged in several Asian countries, and by the end of the decade, HIV was spreading rapidly in many areas of the continent. Today, almost 5 million people are living with HIV in South, East and South-East Asia.
CDC estimates that 1,144,500 persons aged 13 years and older are living with HIV infection. Prevalence is about 50,000 new HIV infections per year.
Overview of AIDS
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
Caused by HIV
Gradually destroys immune system and reduces the ability to fight
How is it contracted?
Blood, including blood transfusions (rare) or needle sharing
From mother to child
Who is at a high risk?
Injection drug users
Infants born from mothers with HIV
Those that received blood transfusions (1977-1985)
Sexual partners of those who engage in high-risk activities
Factors leading to AIDS stigma &discrimination
What is AIDS?
Safe sex practices
- HIV/AIDS is a life-threatening disease, and therefore people react to it in strong ways.
- HIV infection is associated with certain behaviors (homosexuality, drug use, prostitution, or promiscuity) that are already stigmatized in our society.
- There is a lot of inaccurate information about how HIV is transmitted, creating irrational behavior and misperceptions of personal risk.
- Religious or moral beliefs lead some to believe that being infected with HIV is the result of moral fault that deserves to be punished.
- The effects of antiretroviral therapy on people's physical appearance ca result in forced disclosure and discrimination based on appearance.
Counteracting the stigma discrimination
- Increased visibility
- Confronting inaccurate messages and stereotypes
Approximately 2 million people were living with HIV in Latin America at the end of 2008. During that year, some 77,000 people in the region died of AIDS, while an estimated 170,000 were newly infected. The HIV epidemics in Latin America are fueled by varying combinations of unsafe sex (both heterosexual and homosexual) and injecting drug use.
Although West Africa is less affected by HIV infection, the prevalence in some large countries is gradually rising. The Ivory Coast, for instance, is already among the fourteen most-affected countries in the world, and in Nigeria some 2.6 million adults and children are living with HIV.
Lack of proper and accurate information
How much do you really know?
Africa: 97% of people living with AIDS reside in low and middle income countries, particularly in Africa.
Asia: 4.7 million people were living with AIDS in 2008.
Latin America: 2 million people were living with AIDS in 2008.
Eastern Europe: 1.5 million people living with AIDS
33.4 million are currently living with AIDS
The Center for Disease Control and Prevention
The Center for Disease Control