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History

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by

Dana Faye Luceno

on 27 July 2014

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Transcript of History

The Height of Spanish Conquest
1565 Galleon trade begins
Manila to Acapulco**
Silver from New Spain
Silk
Textiles
Porcelain
Manila became the distribution center for these goods
The Paoay Church also known as the San Agustin Church
Intramuros
Typical colonial-era styled houses
Bahay na Bato at Kahoy
made of stone and wood
replaced the traditonal bahay kubos
ground floor - storage
cuarto - sleeping
sala - common area
comedor - dining
cocina - kitchen
Poblacion
(Town center)
Arranged around a rectangular plaza
Church and convent
Municipio
Houses of Spanish officials
Houses of Principales
Society
Social classes
The Main Features:
Government
Economics
Society
Settlement patterns
Poblacion
Objectives:
To explain the changes in Filipino life during this time ca 1565-1663
http://books.google.com.ph/books?id=gUt5v8ET4QYC&pg=PA79&lpg=PA79&dq=1570+martin+goiti
&source=bl&ots=gw-hPJ23Yy&sig=zUEY63xHBmGsNy9uESbuguiRm38&hl=en&sa=X&ei=Zo7UU-WDF
sH18QXdt4KQCQ&ved=0CCsQ6AEwAg#v=onepage&q=1570%20martin%20goiti&f=false
http://www.philippinecountry.com/philippine_history/spanish_colonization.html
http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/362297/Manila-galleon
http://images.flatworldknowledge.com/berglee/berglee-fig05_004.jpg
http://architecturalmoleskine.blogspot.com/2012/01/colonial-architecture-in-philippines-2.html
http://www.philippinecountry.com/philippine_history/spanish_colonization.html
http://www.spanishwars.net/16th-century-conquest-of-the-philippines.html
http://history.knoji.com/the-type-of-government-in-the-philippines-in-the-spanish-colonial-period/
Chapters 8-11 from the handouts

To discuss the main features of the Spanish Colonization
Early Government
Encomienda System**
1568-1570 King Philip II sends instructions to Legazpi to set up cities and towns. Encomiendas to be created and given to deserving soldiers or friars.
fedual system from which the king has the right to transfer the authority of a particular land to any Spanish individual or institution.
The Encomendero:
duty to defend the colony
duty to promote education
duty to promote Christianity
authority to collect tributes (cash or in kind) from the natives
Trivia:
family - 1 peso/year
single person - half a peso/year
Structure:
Reformed Government
King of Spain
Governor-General (highest officer in the colony)**
Ruled through MEXICO
Royal Audiencia (Supreme court)
Local church
Corregidore
(unpacified province)
Gobernadorcillo (pueblo or town) - highest postion for a Filipino
Alcalde mayor
(pacified province)
Cabeza de barangay and other Principalia - former datus*
Economics
Alkalde
(ayuntamiento or city)
Downsides:
Rampant abuse
Filipinos lost their properties
Polo y Servicio**
Forced labor
Male Filipinos (16 to 60 years old) forced to work for the government
Public works (building bridges, cutting timber, etc.)
Falla (exemption fee)
Widespread corruption. Alcaldes would hire more workers than needed and pocket the money used to pay for materials

Bandala
First half of the 17th century
Compulsory sale of products to the government
Per province
Annual quota
Reduced rates at which the goods were bought
Lack of funding = promissory notes issued to the people
Galleon Trade**
Class levels were dependent on "blood purity"
Espanoles: Peninsulares (born in Spain) & Insulares (born in the colony)
Mestizos/mestizas: Espanol + Indio
Indios naturales: native Filipinos
In general, most colonizers had a very racist attitude towards the native Filipinos; believed they could not comprehend more than the basic knowledge.
Society
Religion
Friars played an important role
Supervised tax collection
Supervised public works
Controlled education
Censored reading materials
United the natives through religion
Controlled banking/ loan and charity institutions (ex Obras Pias)
Education
Parochial schools taught basic education
Only Spaniards or students with Spanish parents could attain higher education
1589 - (1768) First college founded by Jesuits; College of Manila
Spanish Architecture
The Spanish also taught the Filipinos better methods of farming cattle-ranching,the making of candles and soap, the construction of stone houses , etc.
Note: elite classes (Cabezas and princippalias exempted from forced labor and tributes or taxes.
Settlement Patterns
Every town was to also have one school for boys and one for girls
Sources:
Questions?
By Vanessa Bantzhaff, Dana Luceno, Mark Recto
Diet
wheat
corn
cacao
coffee
canned goods
mutton
longaniza
ham
wine
cabbage
also learned to use utensils
Clothing
coats
trousers
hats
slippers
shoes
camisa
skirts
Full transcript