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Transcript of History
1565 Galleon trade begins
Manila to Acapulco**
Silver from New Spain
Manila became the distribution center for these goods
The Paoay Church also known as the San Agustin Church
Typical colonial-era styled houses
Bahay na Bato at Kahoy
made of stone and wood
replaced the traditonal bahay kubos
ground floor - storage
cuarto - sleeping
sala - common area
comedor - dining
cocina - kitchen
Arranged around a rectangular plaza
Church and convent
Houses of Spanish officials
Houses of Principales
The Main Features:
To explain the changes in Filipino life during this time ca 1565-1663
Chapters 8-11 from the handouts
To discuss the main features of the Spanish Colonization
1568-1570 King Philip II sends instructions to Legazpi to set up cities and towns. Encomiendas to be created and given to deserving soldiers or friars.
fedual system from which the king has the right to transfer the authority of a particular land to any Spanish individual or institution.
duty to defend the colony
duty to promote education
duty to promote Christianity
authority to collect tributes (cash or in kind) from the natives
family - 1 peso/year
single person - half a peso/year
King of Spain
Governor-General (highest officer in the colony)**
Ruled through MEXICO
Royal Audiencia (Supreme court)
Gobernadorcillo (pueblo or town) - highest postion for a Filipino
Cabeza de barangay and other Principalia - former datus*
(ayuntamiento or city)
Filipinos lost their properties
Polo y Servicio**
Male Filipinos (16 to 60 years old) forced to work for the government
Public works (building bridges, cutting timber, etc.)
Falla (exemption fee)
Widespread corruption. Alcaldes would hire more workers than needed and pocket the money used to pay for materials
First half of the 17th century
Compulsory sale of products to the government
Reduced rates at which the goods were bought
Lack of funding = promissory notes issued to the people
Class levels were dependent on "blood purity"
Espanoles: Peninsulares (born in Spain) & Insulares (born in the colony)
Mestizos/mestizas: Espanol + Indio
Indios naturales: native Filipinos
In general, most colonizers had a very racist attitude towards the native Filipinos; believed they could not comprehend more than the basic knowledge.
Friars played an important role
Supervised tax collection
Supervised public works
Censored reading materials
United the natives through religion
Controlled banking/ loan and charity institutions (ex Obras Pias)
Parochial schools taught basic education
Only Spaniards or students with Spanish parents could attain higher education
1589 - (1768) First college founded by Jesuits; College of Manila
The Spanish also taught the Filipinos better methods of farming cattle-ranching,the making of candles and soap, the construction of stone houses , etc.
Note: elite classes (Cabezas and princippalias exempted from forced labor and tributes or taxes.
Every town was to also have one school for boys and one for girls
By Vanessa Bantzhaff, Dana Luceno, Mark Recto
also learned to use utensils