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EDUC 2036 - Research Methods in Education

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Macauley Harding

on 25 October 2016

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Transcript of EDUC 2036 - Research Methods in Education

Hypothesis
We believe that the genre of music that an individual listens to when completing tasks associated with memory, will have a significant effect upon memory ability.
Experimental Design
Background
Experimental Design
Sample
EDUC 2036 - Research Methods in Education: Presentation 1
Topic
Does music have an effect on memory?
If so, does the genre of music you listen to whilst studying effect memory?
Sandberg and Harmon, 2015
- Investigated the effects that popular music has on memory performance.
- Participates were given a list of fifty words to study in 6 ½ minutes, with music either being present or absent.
- They were then given another 6 ½ minutes to recall the words
- There were no significant differences found between condition
- The one main finding was that women performed better than men when tested without music.


Jenny Griffin, Macauley Harding, Merryn Mcgregor and Rebecca Carroll

Controls
Ethics
Results
Conclusion
Alternate Hypothesis
Memory test in which participants are required to recall as many words as they can from a list of words that are shown to them whilst a particular genre of music is played.
IV
= Genre of music playing
DV
= Number of words Recalled
Independent measures design was used in order to test our participants in each separate condition.
Group 1
Group 2
Group 3
Classical Music
Mozart- piano sonata No.9 in D, k.311
Modern Music
Little Mix- Black Magic
Control Group
(No Music)
18 Primary school pupils in Year 6 (9 girls and 9 boys)
Opportunity Sampling
Environment
Test
Equipment
Timing
Teacher Led session
Ethics sheet
Anonymity
School Guidelines

Improvements

- More participants
- More of a complex test
-time of experiment
- Use of technology
The results showed no significant different between each condition
Mean scores
- Group 1: 6.5
- Group 2: 6.0
- Group 3: 7.6
Standard Deviation
- Group 1: 1.38
- Group 2: 2.76
- Group 3: 1.21
We all agreed that we prefer to listen to music when completing work and feel that it helps us concentrate better on the task at hand.

Rauscher, Shaw and Kay (1993)
• 79 participants
• Three conditions: Mozart, silence and glass
• No Mozart effect on cognitive task performance
• However, there was an effect on mood scores
Nicholas Sulicki
– 13 participants
• 60 words
• Participants who listened Mozart did recall more words
• But not a significant difference
• Highest number of words recalled (30)


Criticisms
-Children can copy each other
- Mixed ability children
- sample size
- Speaking out loud- distracting others
Reference List
Any Questions?
Niles, R. (1995) Standard deviation. Available at: http://www.robertniles.com/stats/stdev.shtml (Accessed: 25 October 2016).

Random word generator - word (no date) Available at: http://watchout4snakes.com/wo4snakes/Random/RandomWord (Accessed: 25 October 2016).
Sandberg, K. and Harmon, S. (2015)

‘Effects of popular music on memorization tasks’, Journal of Undergraduate Research at Minnesota State University, 3(6).

Steele, K., Bass, K. and Crook, M. (1999) ‘The Mystery Of The Mozart Effect’, Psychological Science, 10(4).
Full transcript