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The Five Elements of Literature +1

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Alicia Walsvick

on 18 August 2016

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Transcript of The Five Elements of Literature +1

The Five Elements of Literature
There are Five Elements of Literature
1. Setting
2. Character (Characterization is part of what makes up the character)
3. Point of View
4. Plot
5. Theme
Conflict (not an element on its own, but a very important part of plot and we will discuss it separately from plot in addition to how it fits into the plot of the stories we read)
Setting
Setting is the time and place where the story takes place. Setting includes the following:

The geographical location
The time period
The socio-economic characteristics of the location
The specific building, room, etc.

Example: This story takes place in a factory filled with creatures. There are several different doors the creatures can go through to capture the energy they are seeking.

Character / Characterization
A character is a person, animal, or even an object that participates in the action and experiences the events of a literary work.

Round characters
are convincing, true to life. They have many different and sometimes even contradictory personality traits.
Flat characters
are stereotyped, shallow, and often symbolic.
Dynamic characters
undergo some type of change or development in the story, often because of something that happens to them.
Static Characters
do not change over the course of the story.
Protagonist
is the main character in a literary work.
Antagonist
is the character or thing that presents some type of obstacle in the way of the protagonist reaching a goal or solving a problem.

* Direct Characterization v. Indirect Characterization
Point of View
The point of view, or narrative perspective, from which a story is told determines the information an author includes. There are three main points of view:
Third Person Omniscient - The narrator is outside the events of the story and tells the thoughts and feelings of all characters.
Third Person Limited - The narrator is outside the story but tells the thoughts and feelings of only one character.
First Person - The narrator is a character in the story and uses the pronouns "I" and "me."
Plot
Most stories share a basic plot structure. Understanding this structure can help you appreciate how a short story builds to a satisfying conclusion. The stages of plot are as follows:
Exposition - Setting and characters are introduced.
Rising Action - Events and complications intensify the conflict.
Climax - Turning point in the story.
Falling Action - sets up the story's ending.
Resolution (a.k.a. Denouement) - reveals outcome of the conflict.
This sidekick is an odd one. He has blue skin and is obsessed with talking. He has been trappedin a small place for a very, very long time and now that he has been released he has a lot to say. He has magical powers and is determined to get his friend the girl of his dreams.
This comic book superhero first appeared on screen as high school student Peter Parker.
This story is about a father and son who are separated by miles and miles of ocean. They both meet new friends and attempt daring feats, but it is only through determination and hard work that the two become reunited.
Theme
The theme is the idea that lies behind the story. It is the message the reader is supposed to take away from the story. The reader must look beyond the plot and ask how all of the elements of the story contribute to the development of the them of the story.
The theme of this story is trust your instincts - not a crazy old woman with apples.
CONFLICT
Not an element on its own, but plays a huge role in the plot of the story. Conflict falls under plot. In fact, it plays a major role in the plot by moving the story along.

Conflict is a struggle between opposing forces. It is the engine that drives the plot of all stories. There are two different categories that conflict falls under:

Internal Conflict
External Conflict
This would-be villain wants to be a hero. In attempting to win a metal to prove himself, he learns from an unlikely source what it really means to be a hero.
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