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Traumatic Brain Injury

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Michael Simon Zarate

on 13 December 2012

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Transcript of Traumatic Brain Injury

Traumatic Brain Injury Description Traumatic brain injury occurs when external force causes brain dysfunction. It usually results from a violent blow to the head. An object that penetrates the skull can also cause traumatic brain injury. There are two different TBI's, mild and severe traumatic brain injury. Causes Signs & Symptoms Mild TBI:
Memory problems
Sensitivity to light or sound
Loss of consciousness Vehicle Collisions: Car crashes.
Violence: Physically fighting, child abuse, domestic violence.
Sports Injuries: Football, soccer, boxing, baseball, hockey, extreme sports. Severe TBI:
Profound confusion
Slurred speech
Weakness and numbness in phalanges
Repeated vomiting
Dilation of pupils Screening & Diagnosis CT scan: X rays to create detailed view of brain.
MRI scan: Powerful radio waves and magnets
Glasgow coma scale: Test that helps doctors severity of the brain injury. Treatment Drugs: Avoid additional brain damage
Coma Inducing Drugs: Temporary comas
Surgery: Removing clotted blood
Rehab: Occupational therapist, speech and language pathologist, recreational therapist
Diuretics: Reduce fluid in tissue & increase urin output Seat belts.
Alcohol and drug use.
Preventing falls.
Preventing hitting your head. Preventions Statistics Each year,estimated 1.7 million people sustain a TBI annually.
30.5% of all injury related to death.
75% each year are concussions or other forms of mild TBI.
Fall: 35.2%, Motor vehicle: 17.3%, Assaults: 10%, Physically struck: 16.5%
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