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The Reagan Revolution
Transcript of The Reagan Revolution
Earrings on men and women
Bat wings on shirts
Big shoulder pads
The Reagan Revolution
The Just Say No Campaign
Crack Cocaine became a major player in schools
Nancy Reagan- First Lady that championed the movement
Met with world leaders including Pope John Paul II to address the problem nationally and world wide
Decreased cocaine usage in schools by 1/3 over Reagan's two terms
Peace Through Strength
Policy of using superior firepower to keep peace
Reagan increased military spending by 35 % $456.5 billion ($921,749,509,733.90 in today's dollars)
Currently The US spends over $800 billion
Forced the USSR to attempt to out spend the US
Tyler Bulin, Chris Coon, Dylan Greene, Dan King, and Omar Mohamed
All Eyes Focus on the Space Shuttle
April 12, 1981:
First Space Shuttle Launch
The first manned mission of the Space Transportation System (STS-1), Columbia, is successfully launched and returned
The test flight was meant to try out the shuttle's systems
Next three missions are also tests
Advances in Space
In August of 1981 the first soil samples and sound recording of another world are collected from Venus
New space endurance record set by Soviet cosmonauts in May of 1982: 211 days
Sally Ride becomes the first American Woman to travel into Space aboard Shuttle Challenger mission STS-7 on June 19, 1983
February 3, 1984: First untethered spacewalk
Space Shuttle Challenger Tragedy
January 24, 1986: The space shuttle Challenger explodes shortly after liftoff of mission STS-51L, resulting in the loss of the spacecraft and her seven-member crew
The accident seems especially tragic because of Christa McAuliffe, the first civilian to fly into space
The accident is caused by unusually cold temperatures and a faulty O-ring seal in one of the solid rocket boosters
NASA grounds the entire space shuttle fleet until safety updates can be made
Moving Past Challenger
The first module of the first consistently inhabited long-term research space station Mir is launched in 1986 (Station remains in orbit until 2001 upon crashing down into the Pacific Ocean)
On September 29, 1988 the launch of Discovery marks the return of the Space Shuttle after safety improvements
The Hubble Space Telescope is launched on April 24, 1990
American spacecraft reach Neptune and Venus
Voted BEST Movie of the 1980's
Movies Of The 80's
Blade Runner (1982)
The Breakfast Club (1985)
The Goonies (1985)
The Outsiders (1983)
Star Wars VI: Return of the Jedi (1983)
Star Wars V: The Empire Strikes Back (1980)
Back to the Future (1985)
Beverly Hills Cop (1984)
Top Gun (1986)
Fast Times at Ridgemont High (1982)
The Evil Dead (1981)
Day of the Dead (1985)
A Nightmare on Elm Street (1984)
The Terminator (1984)
Full Metal Jacket (1987)
Die Hard (1988)
Ferris Bueller's Day Off (1986)
The Shining (1980)
E.T.: The Extra-Terrestrial (1982)
Raging Bull (1980)
The Untouchables (1987)
The Porsche 959
Porsche introduced the 959 in 1986
At the time, it was the world's fastest street legal car, reaching a top speed of 197 mph
The production cost of a 959 was upwards of $500,000, yet it debuted at a cost of $225,000
Of 300 production 959s, none were street legal in the United States due to EPA standards
Ferrari Takes on The Porsche 959
In 1988 Ferrari unveiled the F40 - the world's new fastest street legal car, besting the 959 by 4 mph
Ferrari was willing to adjust the engine to meet EPA standards
The car debuted in the US for $400,000 and 1,315 were produced
The F40 is remembered as the ultimate super car of the 80's
Best Voted Cars of the 1980's
#10 Volvo 760 Turbo Wagon
#9 BMW E24 635 CSi/M6
#8 Mercedes R107 SL
#7 Toyota W10 MR2
#6 Porsche 944 Tubro/S2
#5 Buick Grand National/GNX
#4 BMW E30 M3
#3 Audi Quattro
#2 BMW E28 M5
#1 Volkswagen Golf GTI Mk II
Lingo and Trends
Geneva Summit November 1985
First time in 8 years US met with Russia
Began friendly relationship with Gorbachev and Reagan
A Decade of Groundbreaking Cars
The 1980s was an era of excess - hot hatches, yuppies flashing their cash, crazy hair and sports cars
It was a great decade for prominent, groundbreaking cars:
The BMW 5 Series, Honda Civic CRX and Ferrari F40 make for a good start
Reykjavik Summit October 1986
Began talks to end the nuclear arms race
Ended with Reagan's commitment to Strategic Defense Initiative
Washington Summit December 1987
Intermediate Nuclear Forces Treaty
Restricted conventional, chemical, and nuclear arms
Iran- Contra Scandal
Golf GTI Mk II
Worst Ranked Car of the 80's?
Resurgence of hard rock after 60s
New subgenre emerges: glam rock (from arena rock)
Women thrived (Joan Jett, Pat Benatar, Lita Ford)
Heavy metal still widely popular and breeds underground subgenres
Fashions and Fads
Fads and Accessories
Dressed like business-men and women
Styles found at prep schools
Designer clothes and sportswear
Fancy skirts/pants and jackets
Known as 'yuppies'
Based on punk rock music
Doc Martins were essential
Copied from MJ's Thriller music video
And The BEST Car:
The DeLorean DMC-12
The Dawn of AIDS
1. Gnarly – A surfer reference that was used as a way to show that something was cool. I.e. “That was totally gnarly, dude!”
2. Dude/Dudette – Gender specific noun’s used in place of a person’s name. I.e. “Dude, that was awesome!”
3. Like Totally – Used as a way to express extreme agreement with someone or something. I.e. “I think he was really in to you, like totally!”
4. Tubular – Another surfer reference, this slang word was used as a way to express excitement in something or someone. I.e. “Man, that was tubular!”
5. What’s Your Damage? – This 80’s slang term was used to express annoyance, anger, shock, etc. I.e. “What was that about, man? What’s your damage?”
6. Choice – A slang word used to describe something or someone that is awesome, amazing, cool, etc. I.e. “My new car is totally choice, man!”
7. Burn/Burned – As an 80’s slang word, this was used when someone or some trivial thing was proved wrong. I.e. “Man, you got burned!”
8. Grody – Used as a way to show disgust in something or someone. I.e. “The new tuna surprise lunch special is grody!”
9. Rad – This 80’s slang word was used to say that something or someone was cool, awesome, great, neat, etc. I.e. “Did you see that car flip, it was rad!”
10. Bogus – Used as a way to show disbelief or that something or someone was wrong, unbelievable, etc. I.e. “What he told me was totally bogus!”
Tiananmen Square Massacre
11. Gag Me with a Spoon – The 80’s slang term was used to show disgust or extreme dislike. I.e. “That old guy just asked me out on a date... no! Gag me with a spoon!”
12. Wiggin’/Wiggin’ Out – Used to show that something or someone was crazy, weird, losing it, etc. I.e. “That new French teacher is totally wiggin’ out in the classroom.”
13. To the Max – This slang term was used to show something or someone was extremely awesome or cool. I.e. “That new movie was to the max!”
14. Eat My Shorts – Made famous by the loveable bad boy Bart Simpson in the TV show The Simpsons, this slang term was used as a funny comeback. I.e. “Yeah well, eat my shorts, man!”
15. Fresh – The 80’s slang word was used when something was cool, awesome, etc. “Did you see the new Saved By the Bell episode? It was fresh!”
The Ozone Hole
Back in the day, the coolest games weren't just a click away, you actually had to make an effort and go to an arcade and play them.
The effort was well worth it, as it also involved a unique way of socializing and gathering up with your peers.
Pac-Man was one of the most popular trending games in arcades. The insatiable yellow circle even had it's own cartoon TV show.
Mysterious ailments came to certain populations
Trends formed around gay community
"The Gay Cancer"
Led to discrimination
Stereotypes stopped when public learned Magic Johnson had AIDS
Origin most likely from african immigrants from Haiti
In 1987, they splashed their way to nearly 25% of all mattress sales.
China had begun lifting some of its totalitarian rule
College students began to protest the government in Beijing
Gained momentum with much of the population
Was eventually forcibly put down by the military killing hundreds
"The Tank Man" a picture taken by an American Tourist
With new, disco-like elements R&B became more danceable
Also quiet storm
Adapted to new times as did other genres of music
A partial melt down of a nuclear actor in Russia (1 of 2 Level 7 exposures ever)
The city was evacuated and has been abandoned since
31 people died and long term effects have been uncountable
20,000 years until it can be inhabited again
The cube first sold internationally in 1980.
This simple puzzle very quickly became immensely popular around the world.
The 1980's are now known for the massive Rubik's Cube craze throughout the entire decade.
Rap and hip hop get roots in inner city communities
Many groups (activism)
Technological production aspects
Inspired by and influenced disco, house, techno, etc
British Antarctic Survey scientists, Joesph Farman , Brian Gardiner, and Jonathan Shanklin, discovered a recurring springtime Antarctic ozone hole
Largely discredited by governments
Economic recovery took priority over environment protection
Elected during a time of stagflation
Inflation at 13.5% with Interest Rates 21.5% 7.7% unemployment (Rose to 13%)
Used trickle down economics to encourage business
20 million new jobs
Inflation at 4.1% by 1988
Net worth of families grew by 27%
10% interest rates by 1988
Developed new "Reagan- Republicans"- suburbanites that followed the republican economic system
Scientific Advancements and Inventions
Massive oil spill off the coast of Alaska
1.48 million barrels spilled
Second worst natural oil catastrophe ever
Crew members over worked
Collision system not updated
Captain was drunk at the wheel
The hepatitis-B vaccine invented.
The first IBM-PC invented.
The scanning tunneling microscope invented by Gerd Karl Binnig and Heinrich Rohrer.
The first space shuttle, the Columbia, was made and launched in 1981.
Human Growth hormone genetically engineered.
The Apple Lisa invented.
Soft bifocal contact lens invented.
Programmer Jaron Lanier first coins the term "virtual reality".
The CD-ROM invented.
The Apple Macintosh invented.
Windows program invented by Microsoft.
A high-temperature super-conductor invented by J. Georg Bednorz and Karl A. Muller.
Synthetic skin invented by G. Gregory Gallico, III.
Fuji introduced the disposable camera.
The first 3-D video game invented.
Disposable contact lenses invented.
Digital cellular phones invented.
The RU-486 (abortion pill) invented.
Doppler radar invented by Christian Andreas Doppler.
Prozac invented at the Eli Lilly Company by inventor Ray Fuller.
The first patent for a genetically engineered animal is issued to Harvard University researchers Philip Leder and Timothy Stewart.
High-definition television invented.
Now you know
Two World Cups took place during the 80's, 1982 and 1986.
Took place in Spain.
Hungary defeated El Salvador 10-1, the largest margin of victory ever recorded in the finals.
The tournament's top scorer was Paolo Rossi of Italy with six goals, including a hat-trick against Brazil.
Italy won the World Cup, their third title.
West Germany came in second, Poland in third.
Hosted in Mexico
The mascot was named Pique, and is a jalapeno.
Originally supposed to be in Colombia, but economic problems changed the venue to Mexico.
Argentina won their second title thanks to Diego Maradona.
West Germany came in second (again), and France in third.
The Phillies, Dodgers (2), Cardinals, Orioles, Tigers, Royals, Mets, Twins, and the Athletics
Roger Clemens struck out 20 people in one game.
Pete Rose sets the all time hit record.
Bill Buckner lost the Red Sox Game 6 in the world series with an error
Heavily dominated by the LA Lakers and Boston Celtics, winning 8 championships in the 80's combined.
The Pistons then came in win the 88-89 and 89-90 championships.
Miracle on Ice
In the 1980 Winter Olympics held in Lake Placid, New York, the US hockey completed an amazing upset. They started the tournament seated 7th of 12 teams. They ties their first game so it did not look so good for the US in the future.
A month earlier, the USSR beat the US 10-3 in an exhibition match
The game started intense and remained that way. Then, all of the sudden, with 10 minutes left Mike Eurzione comes in clutch. With solid goalkeeping the USA wins!! "U.S.A. ... U.S.A!!"
21 Jump Street (1987)
Magnum PI (1980)
The A-Team (1983)
Star Trek: The Next Generation (1987)
Knight Rider (1988)
The Wonder Years (1988)
Full House (1987)
GI Joe: A Real American Hero (1985)
The Cosby Show
Toppling The Berlin Wall: June 6, 1987
Gorbachev was eager to make reforms in the USSR
Reagan made a speech in Berlin on 750th anniversary of the city
Was suppose to be "Mr. Gorbachev tear down the Brandenburg Gate
Reagan added the famous line
The wall came down November 9 1989
The Great Communicator