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Diversity Of Living Things
Transcript of Diversity Of Living Things
Diversity of Living Things
The representative species for the Protista kingdom.
The Plante Kingdom
The Kingdom of plants has an Eukaryote cell type and it has cell walls of cellulose and chloroplast. The domain is Eukarya.
The majority of the organisms are multicellular but some are unicellular and all the organisms are autotrophs which means that organisms make their own food.
The Plante kingdom has over 250,000 species and it is the second largest kingdom.
The organisms in the Plante kingdom consists of all types of plants, starting from small green mosses, flowering plants, ferns and all the way to giant trees.
About Rosa arvensis
The representative specie
for the Plante Species.
The life cycle of this species of rose starts from a seed and then the plant germinates and grows bigger and bigger. When the buds appear, they from flowers from the sepals. The flowers open up and produce pollen which is needed to make seeds. Pollination starts when the pollen is taken to another plants by insects. The other plants fertilize and then create seeds.
The Life Cycle of a Plant
The size of this rose species is usually from 1 to 5 meters tall. It has small pointy prickles on the stem which helps it to climb and the flowers are a pink colour, sometimes a little darker and sometimes a little lighter. The flowers are 4 to 6 cm in diameter and normally have 5 petals and they produce a fruiting red bulb.
This species of rosa, feeds on nutrients from the fertilizer and from the soil. They also "drink" a lot of water
This rosa species is also known as a "dog" rose.
The Animalia Kingdom
The Animalia kingdom organisms are multicellular which means that various tissue and organ systems are made for specialization.
This kingdom is the largest kingdom, it consists over 1 million species, that are known. Us, Humans are part of this kingdoms
All the animals in this kingdom are heterothrops which means that they eat other organisms like each other. The Anamalia kingdom is from the Eukarya.
The cell type for this kingdom is eukaryote and the cell structure has no cell walls or chloroplasts.
The representative specie for the Animalia kingdom.
(African Genus) &
Elephas (Asian Genus)
The life cycle of an elephant happens in three stages. The baby, adolescent, and adult stage. The baby stage last until the age of 17 and at the age of 18 they reach the adolescent stage. They start mating at the age of twenty and usually stop at the age of 50. The average life expectancy is 70 years. Like humans , elephants enjoy all of the stages during their life time.
Elephants are the largest land mammal. Adults can weigh up to 7 tonnes. The elephants is describe as a "Pachyderm", this is because it has very thick skin, the thickness could be around 3 to 4 cm.
Since elephants eat almost anything they can live and survive in a few different places. The main place they live in are grasslands. The can also be found or they can also live in the desert of Savannah, forest areas, places where swamps are located and all the places in between the ones listed.
Elephants are pure vegetarians which means that they mainly eat fruits and leaves. Some foods that they eat are: bamboos, pineapple leaves, cucumber, papaya, watermelon, sugar canes, bananas, coconut leaves and rice ( but it must be steamed first). Each day and elephants eat 250 kg of leaves and drink about 200 liters of water. Elephants only digest 40 % of the food that they eat so keep most of the other food in their body which causes them to gain a lot of weight.
The domain this kingdom is part of is the Eukarya domain. The cell type for these organisms is Eukaryotic, this means that they all have a nucleus
The cell walls of some organisms are made of cellulose and some are made out of chloroplast. The majority of them are unicellular, some are colonial, and some are multicellular.
Most of the organisms are heterotropic or autotrophic which means that they make their own food or they eat other organisms
Most of the organisms use zooflagellates to absorb food across membrane. They use one or two zooflagellates.
Even though this species of amoeba doesn't look very "good", they are one of the most well-adapted and widespread creatures on earth. They can be found almost anywhere, in lakes, oceans, soil, animals even us, humans. An amoeba goes through cytokinesis which splits up creating two daughter cells which go through mitosis to reproduce.
An amoeba proteus's habitat is found in a lot of places . They can live in freshwater but they usually live in the mud that is beneath the water. Some live in the underside of leaves of water plants but there are other ones that live in humans and animal beings.
The food that this species of amoeba usually eats is anything smaller than its self, like bacteria and protozoa. Amoebas don't have a mouth but instead they use an action called phagocytosis which helps it catch its food and ingest it. When the amoeba catches a meal the amoeba's wall surrounds it and its enzymes encases it. It also likes to eat wheat products.
An interesting fact is that once the organism is captured in this organism it stays in it alive for a while.
Elephants don't eat peanuts at all, in fact they don't eat peanuts in the wild or at the zoo
The Eubacteria kingdom is in the Bacteria domain. There are 3 major types of Eubacteria , they are; heterotrophic, photosyntetic autotrophs and chemosynthetic autotrophs.
The cell structure for the organisms in this kingdom are cell walls with peptidoglycan, which is a coat of sugar. All the cells are unicellular and the cell type is prokaryotic.
A heterotroph can't make its own food but it eats other organisms, they can live almost anywhere and they are parasites.
Photosythetic autotrophs use the sun to make food for themselves and they can be found in streams or moist areas.
The Chemosynthetic autotrophs make their own food but they do not need sunlight and they convert atmospherteric nitrogeninto nitrogen containing compunds that plants need.
They reproduce asexually and depending on the species - the oxygen might be toxic or tolerated or needed.
This organism reproduces by binary fision, the two daughter cells don't separate and they remain attached to each other. This is why the cells are seen in clusters. This bacterium is an incredible strong bacterium , studies have hown that there was a case where this bacterium survived on polyester close to three months.
These organisms are seen in clusters and they look relatively like grapes. They form a long chain attached to one another. There are usually two types of colonies that are formed; one that is yellow and grow larger and the other one is white and medium in size but it forms small colonies.
This organism usually stays on the mucous membranes and on the skin of mammals, these carries aren't as dangerous. If the bacteria gets on a hospital staff then it will be carried on hospital equipment and it will spread very fast, these carries are much more dangerous.
Staphylococcus usually feed on humans skin and normal food that we eat, they like to reproduce on our body (on our ears, nose, and skin). There have been stories that they have been living on polyester for almost 3 months
The disease that occurs from staphylococcus is called MRSP and it occurs very frequenty in hospitals.
The domain for this kingdom is Eukarya. The majority of cells are multicellular and some are unicellular, they consists of complex cells with in the organism. Fungi organisms are different from plants because they cannot make their own food.
The representative species from the Eubactiria Kingdom
The type of cell that they have is Eukaryote. The cell has cell walls of chitin and their nutrition is by breaking down orgain matter into nutrients.
Fungi live almost everywhere , for example in the air, in the water, on land , in soil, and in plants and animals.
Fungi are very vital becasue the types of fungi in the soil determine the types of plants and the types of animals that live in the biological community.
Scientists believe there are over a millon of species of fungi. They have only identified only 5 % of them.
About The Morel Mushroom
The life cycle of a morel mushroom start out with pollination. The seed from the pollination falls on the ground( brought by wind or an animal) and it starts to grow in that place. It grows to it full height and develops circular holes all over the cap. When it is full grown people go out and pick it.
The morel mushroom has a yellow spongy cap that has circular holes on it. The stalk is a whiter colour and it looks like a thick tube. The size varies from 1 in. (babies) to 10.75 in. (full grown).
The morel mushrooms are found all over the Northen Hemisphere. The main countries are North America, Central America, Europe and Asia. The majority of morel mushrooms are found in forests , under wood scraps, Scyamore and Ash trees.
This mushroom is a heterotrophic mushroom which is an organism that eats other orgaisms. The mushroom feeds its self from tree roots or other plant roots. It starts out by warpping its roots (the mycorrhizae) around the tree roots then, taking away the food and nutrients it needs.
The representative species for the Fungi kingdom
The morel mushroom is the best tasting mushroom out of all the mushrooms, but it is one of the hardest to find.
This kingdom the domain is Archea and the type of cell is Prokaryote. This group of bateria is anaerobic and aerobic prokaryotes.
This type of bateria is adapted to live in very extreme enviromental conditions. For example near volcanoes or in the deep ocean. They do not need oxygen and sunlight to survive.
The cell structure is made out of cell walls without peptidoglycan but out of glycoproteins and polysaccharides. The cell wall envelopes have a high resistance to antibiotics and lytic agents. The organisms are unicellular which means that they have only one cell.
Their type of reproduction is asexual reproduction. They make theri own food or eat other organisms, this means that they are heterotrophs and autothrops.
About The Sulfolobus
This organism looks like a circular shape that has all the organs a bacteria cell would have. Some of the organisms remain attached to each other, especially when reproducing. The size of the organism is very small and it cannot be seen with the naked eye, only through a microscope.
The main habitat of this organism is around dangerous and very extreme places. Some places include volcanoes, the bottom of the ocean or around tsunamis.
The nutrition of this organism is to eat proteins and carbohydrates. They need oxygen to survive.
One interesting fact about this organism is that the cells are irregular shaped.
The representative species for the Archeabacteria Kingdom.
In the Protista kingdom there are all the microscopic organisms other than bacteria, animals, plants and fungi. All the organisms are similar to the bacteria, animals, plants and fungi but they can't be part of any of these groups.
The habitat of this species of rose is usually in the wild. It last all four seasons but only blooms and flowers in the spring, summer and part of autum. It is able to grow in semi-shade or no shade and it needs wet or moist soil. It likes to grow in sandy, loamy and clay soils. It also grows around hedges, scrubs, roadsides, banks and woods.
The life cycle of this organism starts out where ample sulfur and low pH exist. Where these things are available, this organism starts to take shape. The organisms will grow until a certain size and then it will start reproducing.The reproduction stage happens at maturity level.
The protesu uses pseudopodia to move. It's size is usually 0.2 to 0.3 mm in diameter. Some can grow up to 0.5 mm
About Amoeba proteus