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Transcript of Hong Kong
Bradford Smith Hong Kong Hong Kong is situated on the south coast of China, between the Pearl River Delta and South China Sea. It has a land mass of 1,104 km2 that holds its population of seven million people, making it one of the most populated areas in the world. Housing A non-governmental organization is a body of individuals that function cohesively and independently of any government to address a problem(s) that face a certain region. NGOs are usually charitable in nature and address key problems that face certain regions.There are an abundance of NGOs in Hong Kong that address critical problems such as the troubling inconsideration of the environment, the helpless elderly, rampant poverty, and insufficient housing.
The private sector and the Government are also trying to alleviate and help solve these issues. NGOs While Hong Kong is quickly expanding and new housing is developed at a rapid rate, the population exceeds the amount of available housing. People of all ages (especially the elderly) have difficulty finding an adequate place to live. How are they helping? NGOs While there are government programs to provide individuals with a public living space, there are also NGOs working to give people homes – either temporary or permanent. Such NGOs include “Habitat for Humanity”, “Home Of Loving Faithfulness”, and “Mother’s Choice”. Private The private sector is very involved in the booming housing market of Hong Kong. Under the Private Sector Participation Scheme, private land developers can develop and sell property jointly with the Hong Kong Housing Authority. Environment Hong Kong is an industrial center with many factories. It is also a densely populated area that has high amounts of traffic. Together, these factors have elevated Hong Kong’s air pollution level to one of the highest in the world. What are they doing? NGOs The NGO “Clean the Air” is one of the primary NGOs in Hong Kong trying to resolve the problem of air pollution.Furthermore, because of Hong Kong’s dense population, there is a significant amount of litter and debris in the city. Finally, because of Hong Kong’s rapid development, nature is being sacrificed to make way for more development. The NGOs “Friends of the Earth” and “Greenpeace” seek to mitigate these issues. Private The private sector is committed to improving the state of the environment in Hong Kong. Groups of companies like the Private Sector Committee on the Environment and the Business Environment Council invest money in sustainable manufacturing techniques, pollution control technology, and sponsor environment clean-ups. Elderly With Hong Kong’s high population comes an increase in the amount of elderly individuals. While housing is scarce for everyone, it is especially so for elders, and combined with the helplessness/weakness that most elderly have, it can be hard for them to find a place to live and/or finance it. How are they helping? NGOs An NGO that aims to provide the elderly with proper living conditions is the “Hong Kong Council of Social Service”. Private The Hong Kong private sector mainly to provide health care – both primary care and hospital care - for the elderly through public-private partnerships. Through these partnerships, the private sector is able to target the environment and policy with the objective of improving the quality and efficiency of care that the elderly are provided with. Poverty The amount of poverty in Hong Kong is astronomical. Even though Hong Kong is a large city, it cannot provide jobs for every individual (especially in these uncertain economic times). Combined with the fact that housing is scarce, there are large amounts of people who have fallen into poverty in Hong Kong. What are they doing? NGOs The following NGOs seek to find housing and jobs for the needy and provide them with nourishment and the resources they need to survive: “Crossroads”, “Society for Community Organization”, “Caritas - Hong Kong”. Private The private sector is active in alleviating poverty in Hong Kong due to the principle of corporate social responsibility. Many companies in the Hong Kong private sector have programs that offer jobs and work skills to the poor. The private sector also lobbies for policies that raise awareness of the impoverished and positive labor standards. Finally, companies make purchase and investment decisions such that their downstream effects do not cause the exploitation of the poor. Government Public housing in Hong Kong is a set of mass housing programs through which the Government of Hong Kong provides affordable housing for lower-income residents.The Housing Authority provides homes for over 2 million people, or about 30% of the population in Hong Kong. Bibliography http://www.oxfam.org.hk/en/povertyprivatesector.aspx
http://www.elderlycommission.gov.hk/en/About_Us/Introduction.html Government Through the Environmental Protection Department, the government implements environmental protection and energy related legislation and plans. And administers robust environmental impact assessment in the planning of new developments and major projects. Government Through the Commission on Poverty, the government reviews existing policies and formulate new policies to achieve the objectives of preventing and alleviating poverty and social exclusion. They also engage stakeholders and advise on ways to promote tripartite partnership among the Government, the business sector and community organisations in poverty alleviation, including the development of social enterprises. They are constantly monitoring the poverty situation going on in Hong Kong. Government The Elderly Commission was created by the government. The objective is to improve the quality of life of our elderly population and to provide them with a sense of security, a sense of belonging and a feeling of health and worthiness. It was established in the same year and its main task is to provide advice to the Government of the HKSAR in the formulation of a comprehensive policy in caring for elders. Commission members include professionals from elder related services and other sectors, academics, and community leaders.