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CHapter 8: Rizal in the Dominican University of the Philippi

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joshua pabayo

on 5 August 2014

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Transcript of CHapter 8: Rizal in the Dominican University of the Philippi

I.Enrollment at...
El Consejo de los Dioses
-Rizal's entry in 1880
-Best poem but wasn't able to win
-he was able to disprove the alleged superiority of Spaniards to Filipinos
CHapter 8: Rizal in the Dominican University of the Philippines
Rizal was sent to UST after completing Bachiller en Artes at Ateneo Municipal
it is what his father want him to pursue
could also be attributed to his failure to solicit the advice of Father Ramon Pablo, the rector of ateneo.

What course to take?

Former Jesuit Mentors:

Priesthood or farming


Literature, law or medicine


No to law because you can't be able to practice the profession due to political conditions int he country


I'll take philosophy and letters
Reasons for taking such course:
it was what his father wanted him to pursue
could also be attributed to his failure to solicit the advice of Father Ramon Pablo, rector of Ateneo

He, therefore, found himself taking up courses in
History of Philosophy
Rizal's college days...
Philosophy and Letters - UST
Surveying course (vocational) - Ateneo
After freshman
from Philosophy and Letters to Medicine
he was advices by father Ramon
his mother's failing eyesight
Rizal’s academic performance at UST was comparable with how he fared in Ateneo. Close examination of his scholastic records from 1878 to 1882, attests to his mediocre performance then.
II. Rizal's Scholastic records at UST
Philosophy and Letters
Cosmology and Metaphysics
History of Philosophy
first year-medicine
Natural History
Anatomy 1
Dissection 1
second year-medicine
Anatomy 2
Dissection 2
Private hygiene
Public hygiene
third year-medicine
General pathology
fourth year-medicine
Medical pathology
-Very Good
Surgical pathology
-Very Good
-Very Good
Why did the brilliant Rizal perform at UST? He
did not enjoy
schooling there because of: the
of Dominican professors to Rizal;
racial discrimination
against Filipino students; and
obsolete and repressive
method of instruction at UST
3 factors
that could explain his below par academic performance at UST, namely:
medicine, not Rizal’s real vocation
dissatisfaction with the Dominican system of education;
and the exciting distractions of youth
medicine was not his real vocation but in arts
Rizal stressed the obsolete & repressive method of teaching by Dominicans in his novel, El Filibusterismo
Rizal was fascinated with women in UST
he joined parties, gang fights, and even cut classes
Segunda Katigbak
Orang Valenzuela
Leonor Rivera
Other reasons...
III. Liberalism and Filipino students at UST
Influx of liberal ideas can be attributed to the ending of
Spanish Civil Wars
, the
opening of Suez Canal
, and opening of Philippines to the
World Trade
The desire of the Filipino students stemmed from their exposure to
3 important revolutions
in 19th century...
revolution of human reason against the otherworldliness of the
and revolution of
race and nation
against inquality and subjection
Liceo Artistico Literario de Manila

(organization of art lovers in the city) - conducted regular competition in literary writing

A La Juventud Filipina


El Consejo de los Dioses
- Rizal's entries in the contest (1879-1880)
- adjudged as the best entries in the competition

Rizal joined the contest to prove one thing
- that the Filipinos can
or even
the Spaniards in literary prowess
IV. Important Literary Works as a University Student
A la juventud Filipina; El Consejo de los Dioses; and A Filipinas, and Junto Al Pasig
To The Filipino Youth
"Unfold, oh timid flower"

Lift up your radiant brow,
This day, Youth of my native strand !
Your abounding talents show
Resplendently and grand,
Fair hope of my Motherland !

Soar high, oh genius great,
And with noble thoughts fill their mind;
The honor's glorious seat,
May their virgin mind fly and find
More rapidly than the wind.
Descend with the pleasing light
Of the arts and sciences to the plain,
Oh Youth, and break forthright
The links of the heavy chain
That your poetic genius enchain.

See that in the ardent zone,
The Spaniard, where shadows stand,
Doth offer a shining crown,
With wise and merciful hand
To the son of this Indian land.

You, who heavenward rise
On wings of your rich fantasy,
Seek in the Olympian skies
The tenderest poesy,
More sweet than divine honey;
You of heavenly harmony,
On a calm unperturbed night,
Philomel's match in melody,
That in varied symphony
Dissipate man's sorrow's blight;
You at th' impulse of your mind
The hard rock animate
And your mind with great pow'r consigned
Transformed into immortal state
The pure mem'ry of genius great;
And you, who with magic brush
On canvas plain capture
The varied charm of Phoebus,
Loved by the divine Apelles,
And the mantle of Nature;

Run ! For genius' sacred flame
Awaits the artist's crowning
Spreading far and wide the fame
Throughout the sphere proclaiming
With trumpet the mortal's name

Oh, joyful, joyful day,
The Almighty blessed be
Who, with loving eagerness
Sends you luck and happiness
A la Juventud Filipina was a classic in Philippine literature for the reasons:
it was the first great poem in Spanish written by a Filipino, recognized by the Spanish authorities
it was the first expression of the nationalistic concept that the Filipinos are the fair hope of the motherland
-the poem won grand prize with Rizal receiving silver quill
Philippines -
My motherland
Filipino youth -
fair hope of the motherland
Rizal challenge the youth of his days to do three:
cultivate their talents in the arts
develop their knowledge of sciences
look forward and break their chain of bondage
Junto Al pasig
-one-act play
-staged at Ateneo in connection of the feast day of Immaculate Conception
-can be considered as prophecy in 50 years
-can be the continuation of Rizal's appeal for the Filipino youth
-Can be purely religious allegory
A Filipinas
-made not only to praise Philippines but also to encourage Filipino artists
V. Student Activism at UST
-Rizal displayed leadership
-he and his friends called the Spanish and Mestizos 'kastila/bangus'
-bitter hostility resulted to rumbles in and out the campus
-Rizal brawl using his knowledge in fencing and wrestling

-Secret society
-Rizal as president; Galiciano Apacible as secretary

*bold criticism of the defective and outmoded univesity education of this time
-students are not allowed to touch laboratory apparatus

VI. First Taste of Spanish Brutality
Rizal had his first taste of brutality during the summer vacation ter his freshman year. He was not able to recognize and salute the lieutenant passing so he was slashed by a sword in his back.

He wrote a complaint to the Govenor-general Primo de Vera but nothing good happened, considering he is an Indio. Cognizant of his dignity, and of ability to compete with a Spaniard on equal terms,he found that as an Indio, he was not accorded equaly with a Spaniard before the bar of justice.
VII. Decision to go to Europe
Rizal decided to to leave Philippines for Europe. This was because of
in schooling at the UST. While obviously, Rizal left the country to
complete his medical course
, and not because of departure. This was evident from Paciano's letter dated May 26, 1882

From the letter, Rizal is not going to Europe just to complete his medical course but also the following:
to make a
name for himself
in the realm of journalism
observe and study
European society
to prepare himself for the task of
liberating the Filipinos
from Spanish tyranny.
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