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Transcript of The Holocaust
Beginning in the fall of 1939, gassing installations were built and patients were transferred from clinics to gassing installations and killed.
After public outrage forced an end to this practice, doctors began to administer lethal injections to those selected for "euthanasia" in clinics and hospitals throughout Germany. The European railroad network transported Jewish victims to concentration camps. Jews from Germany and German-occupied Europe were deported by rail to extermination camps in occupied Poland (among other places), where they were killed. The Germans attempted to disguise their intentions, referring to deportations as "resettlement to the east." The 11th Olympics were held in Berlin on August 1, 1936. The games had been awarded to Germany before Hitler came to power.
Hitler took a interest in the games and the early victories of German athletes. However they were overshadowed by the record breaking performances of American runner Jesse Owens.
Why might this man winning have upset Hitler? The Beginning:
The Olympics: 1936 "Holocaust" is a word of Greek origin meaning "sacrifice by fire." The Nazis (who came into power in 1933) believed that Germans were racially superior. They said that the Jews, were "inferior," and were a threat to the German way of life. The Holocaust was the systematic, state-sponsored German persecution and murder of approximately six million Jews by the Nazi regime and its collaborators. The Holocaust There were so many mass graves in Europe because of the Holocaust that grave sites are still being discovered.
This article was published by the associated press, June 5, 2007.
Unknown Graves At the concentration and extermination camps, people were forced into dark rooms that would be sealed closed and filled with deadly gas. Most European Jews lived in countries that Nazi Germany occupied or influenced during World War II. By 1945, the Germans had killed nearly two out of every three European Jews. This ghetto was separated from the city by barbed wire instead of brick.
The fence goes right down a city street.
Everyone inside the wires was trapped in the ghetto. Extermination camps and concentration camps: These designations refer to camps whose primary function is or was genocide. A massive attack on Jews on the night of November 9, 1938 and into the next day.
A 17 year old Jew shot and killed a member of the Germany Embassy staff in Paris.
This was used as an excuse to “rise in bloody vengeance against the Jews”
All over Germany, Austria and other Nazi occupied areas Jewish homes and businesses were vandalized – many were burned to the ground.
Jews were banned from any contact with Germans by excluding them from public transportation, schools, even hospitals, essentially forcing them into ghettos or out of the country.
At the end of the destruction,
the Jewish communities were
blamed for the violence and ordered
to give any insurance money
to the German government. The Beginning:
The Night of
Broken Glass Nazi troopers blocked the entrance to a Jewish-owned store. Their signs read: "Germans, defend yourselves against the Jewish atrocity propaganda, buy only at German shops!" and "Germans, defend yourselves, buy only at German shops!" The Beginning:
Boycott of Jewish
Owned Stores The Germans took everything from their victims. The shoes were saved to salvage the leather.
The Nazi’s would even take out tooth fillings to salvage the metal. A mountain of shoes taken from the Holocaust victims These Soviet prisoners must be new to the camp. They do not appear ill or deathly thin. The Germans persecuted and murdered millions of people, and not just Jews.
Between two and three million Soviet prisoners of war were murdered or died of starvation and disease. In this picture German soldiers are loading a train for transport to a concentration camp. Notice the train. Cattle trains were often used. They were empty cars with no seats or windows. Often the trip would be more than a day long. In this image, bricklayers are working to enclose a Jewish community. People on the other side of the wall will be trapped inside. A ghetto is a portion of a city in which members of a minority group live especially because of social, legal, or economic pressure."
The Nazi’s forced Jews to live in Ghettos. Victims were sometimes told they were being relocated, then they were moved to ghettos In 1933, the Jewish population of Europe was over nine million people. Most European Jews lived in countries that Nazi Germany would occupy or influence during World War II. Nazi’s rounding up Jews in Poland. At first many were moved into ghetto’s. Soon after liberation, surviving children of the Auschwitz camp walk out of the children's barracks.
Poland, after January 27, 1945. Medical personnel were brought into the camps to care for the victims and food supplies were provided.
Thousands of "survivors" died in the days and weeks following liberation, they were too weak to be saved. Prisoners Liberated
(1945) Nazi crematorium. Bodies would be placed inside to be incinerated. The Allied troops discovered a mass grave that had not yet been covered. They ordered the local people to remove the bodies, place them in caskets and hold a civilized burial. Disposing of the bodies of all of the Holocaust victims took planning and preparation. The Nazi’s would bury the bodies in mass graves. They would also cremate bodies. The Nuremberg Race Laws (1935) The Nazis made laws and said they were for the Protection of German Blood and German Honor
Now that Jews were being discriminated against, the Nazis had to decide who was a Jew.
It was decided that if you had 3 Jewish grandparents you would be considered a Jew. The Reich provided charts to help with this determination.
White = Aryans Black = Jews
Mischlinge = 1 or 2 Jewish Grandparents THE HOLOCAUST http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/media_nm.php?MediaId=3372 Click on the links below to watch animated map presentations from the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/media_nm.php?MediaId=7827 Hold down the Ctrl button as you click on the link If that doesn't work you might need to copy and paste the link. Chart used in Nazi Germany to help determine if the Nazi government would consider a person Jewish