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Swimming during the 1920's

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Sarah Resman

on 28 April 2014

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Transcript of Swimming during the 1920's

Swimming during the 1920's
Sarah Resman

Then vs Now
Then vs Now
Timeline
1920: Female swimmers become the first American women to achieve full Olympic status. There are only three events on the Olympic program
1922: "Women as Athletes" is the heading of an article
1922: First mens 100m freestyle swim under a minute
1924: Charlotte Epstein is the first woman Olympic judge
1924: Gertrude Ederle wins 3 gold medals at the Paris Olympics
1925: Gertrude Ederle attempts to swim the English Channel but fails
1926: Gertrude attempts again and succeeds
1926: Charlotte Schoemmer is the first woman to swim around Manhattan
1928: Martha Norelius becomes the first woman to win back-to-back Olympic titles in the same event
1920 Olympics Swimming Results
Swim suits:
Then - men and women wore the one piece tank suit, usually woolen. The suit created a drag on the swimmers both because of the material and the fact that water went through the suit, slowing the swimmer.

Now - synthetic form fitting suits perform almost as a second skin with virtually no drag.

Equipment:
Then - virtually none.
Now - swimming caps also fit the head like a second skin. Swim goggles fit in the eye sockets. No leaks with these streamlined goggles.

Swimming Pools:
Then - pools were usually shorter affecting how a swimmer swam a certain distance. Pool water was very turbulent during a race.
Now - pools are longer, many are built to Olympic specifications. A small runoff rims the edge of the pool allowing the water to remain less turbulent, easier for swimming.

Racing Turns:
Then - in a multiple lap event, the swimmer touched the wall, turned and pushed off. We estimate this type of turn took almost two seconds.
Now - racers use a race turn––essentially a somersault that has little effect on time.

Race Officiating:
Then - the starter had a gun that fired blanks. Other officials had stopwatches.
Now - technology has replaced people in measuring time; time can be measured in much smaller segments. People do rate diving events however.


High School Comparisons:
• Craig Porter, 1929, 50 yard freestyle: .28
• Vlad Morozov 2010, 50-yard freestyle:.1943 (lead-off swimmer in relay)
1920 mens Olympic gold 100m freestyle: 1:01.23
2012 mens Olympic gold 100m freestyle: 47.52
1920 womens Olympic gold 100m freestyle: 1:18.80
2012 womens Olympic gold 100m freestlye: 53.00
1920 olympics
2012 olympics
Once women became involved in the Olympics it became more of a bigger event
The amount of spectators at the Olympic games has nearly multiplied by 10 times since 1920
In the 1920's: women athletes were new to everyone but the Olympics were just as big of a deal as they are now
Question
Why do you think the standards for swimming are so much higher today? Why are the times so much faster?
Full transcript