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Roma people during the Holocaust

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by

Jeli Apolinar

on 8 May 2015

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Transcript of Roma people during the Holocaust

Who are the Romani?
The Romani people or Gypsies as people call them are a race of people who traditionally lived nomadic lifestyles, have suffered great oppression, and are an amazing culture and people to learn about.
We are going to learn more about them, focusing on their part during the Holocaust
Stereotypes
We are going to look at a picture that highlights some of the stereotypes about the Romani people.
"Gypsies"
Those woman would be called Gypsies. They were outcasts of society, and would travel the world together as families and separate tribes. Most Romani worked side jobs, like fortune telling or had crafts they were good at, such as blacksmiths or carpenters. They were spread throughout the world. We are going to focus on Gypsies in Europe during the Holocaust.
Holocaust Victims
Now the Romani people had always been Outcasts and many of them lived nomadic lives. When the Holocaust was in full swing many Romani people were also targeted by the Nazis.
Anti-Gypsy Laws
"In 1920 they were forbidden to enter parks and public baths; in 1925 a conference on ‘The Gypsy Question’ was held which resulted in the creation of laws requiring unemployed Romanies to be sent to work camps ‘for reasons of public security’, and for all Romanies to be registered with the police."-
Julia Hajdu Article over The Roma victims then and now
Where were they located?
Observe the map below
What was the Romani people population in all of Europe?
Where were they most?
Why do you think their population was so spread out?
Forgotten Holocaust: The Romani People
Looking at this picture who is higher class?
What are the woman doing there?
How do you view the woman sitting by the tree?
Read the quote and think about the laws that were put in place.
Why would these rules be put in place?
Are there any rules in history that sound similar to these?
How would these rules affect the Romani people?
Things get worse
Years after these rules, the Romani began to see drastic aggression towards them. They were starting to be deported to Concentration camps. They were considered "Aryan" but "not pure" due to cultural practices and being labeled outcasts.
Look at the chart, this chart shows "racial lines and families". Analyze the following questions.

Why would this be used by the Nazis?
Is this an accurate way to figure out racial blood lines?
What would happen to those who had half or more "un-pure" blood in them?
Holocaust Treatment: Medical Experiments
Aryan Race

Aryan race, was the purest race a human could be according to the Nazis. White, blond hair, blue eyes, healthy an strong.

Compare and contrast these images
What would the image on the left be used for ?
What similarities are there? What differences?
How would you feel after looking at both these images separately?
German Propaganda from a magazine
Picture of a Roma family in the 1920's
"The third category of medical experimentation sought to advance the racial and ideological tenets of the Nazi worldview."
-
A quote from an article on the United States Holocaust Museum website.

The Nazis began to experiment on different people at their concentration camps. It started small then began to grow more intense and experimental.
Examine the photo at the bottom.
What could they be testing?
Why would these German woman focus on this elderly woman?
How would it have felt to be singled out because of your race and tested?
German women taking measurements and recordings of a Romani woman
After reading the quote, answer the following questions.
Would these experiments be done to help or hurt people?
Why would Nazis want to experiment on different races?
What effects would these medical experiments have on the Romani population?
To end our story, we now know that many others were affected by the Holocaust not just the Jews. Watch this short trailer to see how some remember the past.
Hidden Sorrows Trailer
Most of these experiments were done to gypsies, twins, dwarfs and anyone with a physical uniqueness.
Nuremberg Laws used to find racial purity and find jews in bloodline
The chart was used to describe Nuremberg Laws, 1935. The "Nuremberg Laws" established basis for racial identification using untrue science. Only people with four German grandparents (four white circles in top row left) were of "German blood". A Jew is someone who descends from three or four Jewish grandparents (black circles in top row right). In the middle stood people of "mixed blood"
Work Cited Page
Table of Content
1. Who are the Romani?
2. Stereotypes
3. Image DBQ
4.Gypsies
5.Map
6. Holocaust Victims
7. Anti-Gypsy Laws
8. Escalation
9.Aryan race
10.Explanation
11. Questions
12. Nuremberg chart
13. Holocaust Medical Experiment
14. Image with DBQ
15. Quote
16. Hidden Sorrow Trailer
17. Work Cited Page
How did you feel after watching the video?
What is one thing you did now know before watching this video?
What did the Romani do to survive after the Holocaust?
Full transcript