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wendat and woodland creecomperason.

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shankavy paramanathan

on 29 October 2012

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Transcript of wendat and woodland creecomperason.

Wendat And Woodland Cree Comparison Wendat People WENDAT LANGUAGE Wendat Environment Wendat Agriculture Wendat Family Life Wendat Hunting Wendat Governance The word "Wendat" means "people who lived on the back of a great turtle". The way of life for the Wendat was based on the cycle of the seasons. All types of life, including people are strengthened by the land, climate and vegetation of where they lived. Wendat people connected with their environment to meet their needs. The Wendat spoke Iroquoian language.There were many Iroquoian languages.Other Iroquoians were the Mohawk ,Cayuga, Oneida,Onondaga,Seneca. Other native people also spoke a Iroquoian language. Five nation Iroquoians ,the Neutral nation, the Tobacco nation ,the Wenro and the Erie. Wendat people lived in a place called the Great Lakes Lowland. This section of Ontario has warmer weather than a lot of other parts in Canada. The Wendat lived in a place where there were lots of lakes and small rivers. The environment was very important because it was capable of providing a certain amount of food for a large group of people. Men also hunted different type of animals. Men also fished. The hills, valleys, and lakes in the environment was very abundant and fertile. Men hunted a lot of different animals. Deer and moose were the most important ones. One moose would provide over 100 kg of meat. Deer was hunted in a very special way. Groups of hunters herd deer into certain areas. In this area the hunters build fences to trap deer. When the deer was inside the fence it was easier to kill. Small animals like beaver ,otter, ducks , and geese were also hunted. Men also fished at certain times of the year. Fish was eaten or dried for the winter. Women prepared and dried the fish . Wendat lived in villages surrounded by fields. The crops used up the nutrients in the soil. The result was less food. When that happened the village would move to another place. New fields would be created. This happened about every ten to fifteen years. Almost all the farming was done by women. The women's contributions were recognized. Women of the Wendat had equal status with the men the group depended on the food they used to survive the period. Family life for the Wendat was done by the clan system, a clan is like an growing family. Everyone in the family is part of the same clan. In the Wendat culture the clan went through the mother's line. That meant that people were apart of the same clan that the person`s mother came from. Two people could only marry each other if they were in different clans. When a man and a women got married, the man went to his wife's home. There were eight clans, each placed by an animal that was important in the Wendat mythology: the turtle, wolf, bear, beaver, deer, eagle, porcupine and snake. The Wendat had a leader in every village. Each clan had its own leader. There was two kinds of leaders: civil leaders and war leader. Women had a lot of rites over civil leaders. Every clan was held by the mother of each clan. She helped choose who would be the civil leader. When someone develops into a leader,they didn't stay in that position forever. If they did not do a good job they can be removed from that place. Civil leaders had the strength when the village was not at war. Each leader held councils with different important men in the village. Clan mothers also had the strength over what happened in the village. Leaders can not do what they wanted as chiefs. Everyone on the council had to recognize with a decision. Wendat Trade First nations traded with each other. Way before Europeans got to Canada there was a big trading system in Canada. People didn't trade across the country, but they did trade at a very large place. First nations traded to get things they didn't have. The Wendat traded with a lot of first nations Nipissing people traded with the Wendat. Nipissings had lots of fish in their territory. they traded dry fish with the Wendat. The Wendat traded corn and tobacco back. Wendat culture Stories were used to pass history, spiritual beliefs, valves and tradition from one generation to the other. Story tellers were very respected for their knowledge. This oral tradition helped children learn what was important in the culture. It was likely that the Wendat had toys for their children, although there were no artifacts. Toys would mostly be made of materials such as corn husks, wood, or small pieces of hide. these materials would decay in time. Wendat Gender Roles The Wendat women cooked, sewed and also tanned leather. They took care of children, they also cleaned out cooking fires. They gathered food and they took care of family and guests. They made baskets, pots, weaving mats, and fishing nets. They also farmed.
The Wendat men cleared new fields. They hunted, fished, and stored the fish. They fixed the village structures. They made stones and tools. They made canoes, pipes, snowshoes and sleds., Wedat Religion Wendat people like a lot of First Nations, thought that the world was full of spirits. The most important spirit was the sky spirit. Very strengthened spirits were called oki. They did different rituals to keep these spirits joyful. Before and after farming, or hunting the Wendat had rituals they had to do. If these rituals were ignored spirits would change angry. The most important ritual to do was feast of the dead. For three or four days, they preformed ceremonies and spirituals. At the end, all of the bones were put in the pit. Gifts and tools were also put in the pit. The Wendat thought that the dead needed these things for their after life. (cc) photo by medhead on Flickr COMPERASION WENDAT WOODLAND CREE Woodland Cree Language About 117,000 people across Canada, also from North West to Labrador. It is the most spoken Aboriginal language in Canada. Together with eight other Aboriginal languages the two major groups: Nehiyaw and Innu. Where speakers from one community can easily understand their neighborhoods. It would be hard to talk this language without practice. Language - Iroquoian language Language- Algonquian language *Agriculture ,hunting and fishing * Hunting and fishing * Government -have clans * Government -small groups *Family life- change clans *Family life- changed to clans *Trade -they both traded to First nations
(they both traded corn) *Culture -helped children learn *Gender Roles -women farm
-men hunt and fish *Gender Roles -women hunted small animals
-men hunted game and fished *Environment -Great Lakes Low Land- forests, hills, valleys, and lakes *Environment -Northern Ontario, Quebec Labrador- large forests *Religion -they both do rituals before and after Woodland Cree Hunting And Fishing Woodland Cree Trade Anishibale people traded corn with Woodland Cree. Also Anishibale people from the south traded cooper. Woodland people also traded with Iroquoian people. Woodland people traded to get materials like birch bark and animal furs to make canoes, storage containers and to furs to stay warm. Woodland Cree Environment Woodland Cree Culture Hunting and fishing was important to the Woodland Cree people. Woodland Cree lived far away from the north so they couldn't do farming. The only fruit they had was berries and other natural food. Woodland Cree used small dogs to hunt. Usually they did not have large dogs because they did not use sleds like the Inuit. Large dogs also require a bunch of food. in the winter they hunted using dogs and in the fall time they hunted using canoes. They lived in Northern Ontario, Quebec and Labrador. There are many enormous forests. Some temporary trees live in this region, but a lot of the trees are coniferous. Pine trees, balsam, spruce and tamarack trees live in this environment too. There are also a lot of lakes and rivers. Some rivers like the Moose River in the northern Ontario is very valuable to Woodland Cree. It rains in spring, summer and fall. Women collected wild plants, berries and other types of food, medicine and raw materials. They hunt snares small animals, fish, dry meat and berries for winter storage. They prepare meals and tend fire . They also gathered bulrushes to weave into mats, make twine, rope, thread from spruce roots, raw hide and sinew. They make baskets and containers, wigwam covers, canoe covers, snow shoes webbing. Women clean and tan hides, skin animals, stretch furs. They make clothing, decorate items and clothing, clean and mend tools set up and take down wigwam covering, when moving. They plant and harvest summer gardens (some groups) pass on skills and knowledge to children.
men hunted large and small game animals like birds, fish trap, snare, stock and track animals. They make wigwam frames, snow shoe frames, toboggans, tools, weapons and canoes.They learn about habitats and movements of game fur-bearing animals, and forest survival skills. They use weapons for defense and warfare. They trade furs for wild rice and corn. They pass on skills and knowledge to children. Woodland Cree Gender Roles Woodland Cree Governance Woodland Cree people had many group needs. They had a government where they made choices that people would like. Woodland Cree Family Life Woodland Cree people live in small groups. If they live in big groups like Haida and the Wendat people. The men,women and children share their work. In cold times they live in families of three. In times of the year they hunted caribou and fished. Summer was a special time for celebrating. Woodland Cree Religon In Woodland Cree people ornamented
items like drums, the pipes and cultural clothing. Paint and moose hair were used in their cultural ornaments. Winter was story time many stories spread from generation to generation. Religion was a big part of their life. One of their ceremonies they do is when they have a ritual before and after hunting, fishing or trapping a animal they do this ceremony. Even with the bones they preformed a ritual and the people that did this could talk to spirits. For Listening By:Shankavy and Kruthika
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