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wendat and woodland creecomperason.
Transcript of wendat and woodland creecomperason.
The Wendat men cleared new fields. They hunted, fished, and stored the fish. They fixed the village structures. They made stones and tools. They made canoes, pipes, snowshoes and sleds., Wedat Religion Wendat people like a lot of First Nations, thought that the world was full of spirits. The most important spirit was the sky spirit. Very strengthened spirits were called oki. They did different rituals to keep these spirits joyful. Before and after farming, or hunting the Wendat had rituals they had to do. If these rituals were ignored spirits would change angry. The most important ritual to do was feast of the dead. For three or four days, they preformed ceremonies and spirituals. At the end, all of the bones were put in the pit. Gifts and tools were also put in the pit. The Wendat thought that the dead needed these things for their after life. (cc) photo by medhead on Flickr COMPERASION WENDAT WOODLAND CREE Woodland Cree Language About 117,000 people across Canada, also from North West to Labrador. It is the most spoken Aboriginal language in Canada. Together with eight other Aboriginal languages the two major groups: Nehiyaw and Innu. Where speakers from one community can easily understand their neighborhoods. It would be hard to talk this language without practice. Language - Iroquoian language Language- Algonquian language *Agriculture ,hunting and fishing * Hunting and fishing * Government -have clans * Government -small groups *Family life- change clans *Family life- changed to clans *Trade -they both traded to First nations
(they both traded corn) *Culture -helped children learn *Gender Roles -women farm
-men hunt and fish *Gender Roles -women hunted small animals
-men hunted game and fished *Environment -Great Lakes Low Land- forests, hills, valleys, and lakes *Environment -Northern Ontario, Quebec Labrador- large forests *Religion -they both do rituals before and after Woodland Cree Hunting And Fishing Woodland Cree Trade Anishibale people traded corn with Woodland Cree. Also Anishibale people from the south traded cooper. Woodland people also traded with Iroquoian people. Woodland people traded to get materials like birch bark and animal furs to make canoes, storage containers and to furs to stay warm. Woodland Cree Environment Woodland Cree Culture Hunting and fishing was important to the Woodland Cree people. Woodland Cree lived far away from the north so they couldn't do farming. The only fruit they had was berries and other natural food. Woodland Cree used small dogs to hunt. Usually they did not have large dogs because they did not use sleds like the Inuit. Large dogs also require a bunch of food. in the winter they hunted using dogs and in the fall time they hunted using canoes. They lived in Northern Ontario, Quebec and Labrador. There are many enormous forests. Some temporary trees live in this region, but a lot of the trees are coniferous. Pine trees, balsam, spruce and tamarack trees live in this environment too. There are also a lot of lakes and rivers. Some rivers like the Moose River in the northern Ontario is very valuable to Woodland Cree. It rains in spring, summer and fall. Women collected wild plants, berries and other types of food, medicine and raw materials. They hunt snares small animals, fish, dry meat and berries for winter storage. They prepare meals and tend fire . They also gathered bulrushes to weave into mats, make twine, rope, thread from spruce roots, raw hide and sinew. They make baskets and containers, wigwam covers, canoe covers, snow shoes webbing. Women clean and tan hides, skin animals, stretch furs. They make clothing, decorate items and clothing, clean and mend tools set up and take down wigwam covering, when moving. They plant and harvest summer gardens (some groups) pass on skills and knowledge to children.
men hunted large and small game animals like birds, fish trap, snare, stock and track animals. They make wigwam frames, snow shoe frames, toboggans, tools, weapons and canoes.They learn about habitats and movements of game fur-bearing animals, and forest survival skills. They use weapons for defense and warfare. They trade furs for wild rice and corn. They pass on skills and knowledge to children. Woodland Cree Gender Roles Woodland Cree Governance Woodland Cree people had many group needs. They had a government where they made choices that people would like. Woodland Cree Family Life Woodland Cree people live in small groups. If they live in big groups like Haida and the Wendat people. The men,women and children share their work. In cold times they live in families of three. In times of the year they hunted caribou and fished. Summer was a special time for celebrating. Woodland Cree Religon In Woodland Cree people ornamented
items like drums, the pipes and cultural clothing. Paint and moose hair were used in their cultural ornaments. Winter was story time many stories spread from generation to generation. Religion was a big part of their life. One of their ceremonies they do is when they have a ritual before and after hunting, fishing or trapping a animal they do this ceremony. Even with the bones they preformed a ritual and the people that did this could talk to spirits. For Listening By:Shankavy and Kruthika