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Geography- Child Labour in India
Transcript of Geography- Child Labour in India
It was estimated that around 217.7 million children ages 5-17 are engaged in child labour in the world and 122.3 million of these children ages 5-14 are in Asia and the Pacific region.
Which proves that Asia and the Pacific regions have the highest numbers of working children worldwide.
History of Child Labour
In the early 1700s-1800s, machines first replaced hands for making most of the manufactured jobs.
Factories started to spring up, first in England, then in the US. The owners of the factories found a new source of labour to run the machines, and that was children.
Operating the machines did not require adult strength, and children could be hired more cheaply than adults.
By the mid 1800s, child labour became a major problem.
Child Labour in India #1
In 2001, the population of children ages 4-15 in India was 253 million, and 12.6 million of those children were in child labour.
But the number of child labour kept on growing. Now there are around 61.6 million children in child labour (that is around 14% of the population of children ages 5-14 in India) , which means that India has the second highest number of child labour in the world.
Child Labour in India #2
What is child labour?
When someone employs children in an industry or business illegally. Child labour is harmful to a child in physical and mental ways.
Child labour lets children lose opportunity to attend school. Sometimes child labour involves children to be used as a slave, be separated from their families or even being left alone on the street, often at a very early age.
The children are usually between the age of 5 and 17
Children had always worked, especially in farming. But factory work was harder. A child with a factory job works 12 to 18 hours a day, six days a week, just to earn a dollar.
Many children began working before the age of 7, tending machines in spinning mills or hauling heavy loads.
The factories were often damp, dark, and dirty. Some children worked underground, in coal mines.
The working children had no time to play or go to school, and had little time to rest. They often became ill easily.
Most children in child labour in India earn around 300-500 rupees per month (1085-1808 forints).
Sometimes they don't get paid with money but instead, they get paid with food (normally a small portion) and shelter.
Nearly 85% are engaged in traditional agricultural activities.
Less than 9% work in manufacturing, services and repairs, and about 0.8% works in factories.
Did You Know?
The number of children in India (440 million) is more than the total population of USA (313.9 million).
Did You Know?
Two out of every three working children are physically abused. 50.2 percent children work seven days a week. Every second child are reported to be facing emotional abuse.
Thank You for Listening to Our Presentation, Hope You Enjoyed It.
June 12 was observed as World Day against Child Labor.
A group of important people on June 12, gave a petition to Prime Minister Manmohan Singh seeking a ban on all forms of employment of children under the age of 14 and wanted urgent change to the child labour law.