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Geography- Child Labour in India

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by

Helen Li

on 28 February 2015

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Transcript of Geography- Child Labour in India

Child Labour in India
Child Labour
in Asia...
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It was estimated that around 217.7 million children ages 5-17 are engaged in child labour in the world and 122.3 million of these children ages 5-14 are in Asia and the Pacific region.
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Which proves that Asia and the Pacific regions have the highest numbers of working children worldwide.
History of Child Labour
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In the early 1700s-1800s, machines first replaced hands for making most of the manufactured jobs.
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Factories started to spring up, first in England, then in the US. The owners of the factories found a new source of labour to run the machines, and that was children.
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Operating the machines did not require adult strength, and children could be hired more cheaply than adults.
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By the mid 1800s, child labour became a major problem.
Child Labour in India #1
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In 2001, the population of children ages 4-15 in India was 253 million, and 12.6 million of those children were in child labour.
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But the number of child labour kept on growing. Now there are around 61.6 million children in child labour (that is around 14% of the population of children ages 5-14 in India) , which means that India has the second highest number of child labour in the world.
Child Labour in India #2
Introduction:
What is child labour?
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When someone employs children in an industry or business illegally. Child labour is harmful to a child in physical and mental ways.
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Child labour lets children lose opportunity to attend school. Sometimes child labour involves children to be used as a slave, be separated from their families or even being left alone on the street, often at a very early age.
by
Helen

Devika

Sophie
and
Jeniffer

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The children are usually between the age of 5 and 17
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Children had always worked, especially in farming. But factory work was harder. A child with a factory job works 12 to 18 hours a day, six days a week, just to earn a dollar.
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Many children began working before the age of 7, tending machines in spinning mills or hauling heavy loads.
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The factories were often damp, dark, and dirty. Some children worked underground, in coal mines.
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The working children had no time to play or go to school, and had little time to rest. They often became ill easily.
More History
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Most children in child labour in India earn around 300-500 rupees per month (1085-1808 forints).
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Sometimes they don't get paid with money but instead, they get paid with food (normally a small portion) and shelter.
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Nearly 85% are engaged in traditional agricultural activities.
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Less than 9% work in manufacturing, services and repairs, and about 0.8% works in factories.

Did You Know?
#1
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The number of children in India (440 million) is more than the total population of USA (313.9 million).
Did You Know?
#2
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Two out of every three working children are physically abused. 50.2 percent children work seven days a week. Every second child are reported to be facing emotional abuse.
Thank You for Listening to Our Presentation, Hope You Enjoyed It.
Change
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June 12 was observed as World Day against Child Labor.
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A group of important people on June 12, gave a petition to Prime Minister Manmohan Singh seeking a ban on all forms of employment of children under the age of 14 and wanted urgent change to the child labour law.
Full transcript