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Thesis Research Proposal Presentation 16 November 2012.

The possible effects of non-verbal communication on consecutive interpreting.

Sorcha Ryan

on 14 December 2012

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Transcript of Thesis Research Proposal Presentation 16 November 2012.

Why is it important for interpreting??? The aim of interpreting is to orally convey the message of a speech. This is done on two levels; the verbal and the non- verbal (Besson et al., 2005). Interpreting is a performance and it is the interpreter's job to recapture not just the content of the speech, but also the 'style' and 'eloquence' of the speaker (Danica et al., 1998) Body language Research Methodology An investigation into the possible influence of non-verbal communication (body language and posture) on consecutive interpreting Posture Facial expressions Tone of voice Intonation What do we mean by non-verbal communication??? TEDGlobal 2012, 'Amy Cuddy: Your body language shapes who you are', [online video], available at http://www.ted.com/talks/amy_cuddy_your_body_language_shapes_who_you_are.html [accessed 8 October 2012] Non-linguistic factors (Besson et al., 2005) "Emotions are communicated through multiple channels."
(Hertenstein, McIntosh & Reed, 2011: 603) There is already a saturation of research and studies which have been carried out, showing how people's body language and other non-verbal factors reveal their emotional state. Research Questions: 1. Given that our body language is said to reflect our emotional state, is it also possible that, conversely, our body language can influence how we feel? 2. What effects, if any, could " high power-posing'' ( adopting dominant, expansive, confident posture) have on performance during a consecutive interpretation? -Enhance?
-Neutral? Could this hypothesis prove advantageous for Student Interpreters' performance in consecutive interpreting? 3. What effects, if any, could "low power'' poses have on Student Interpreters' performances in consecutive interpreting? -Enhance?
-Neutral? Mixed Methods Research Survey Mixed methods research makes for richer and more informative data, combining the strengths of quantitative (which offers a 'macro-perspective' of trends) and qualitative data (which offers a 'micro-perspective' of the world) together (Dornyei, 2007) SURVEY - Survey Shaker (recommended by Dornyei, 2003)

- Typically quantitative

-Time efficient

-Cost effective

- Issued to the Students immediately after experiment Beginning with Darwin (1872/1998), researchers have shown that both humans and non-humans have the capacity to express their emotions using a range of "non-verbal channels''.
(Hertenstein, McIntosh & Reed, 2011: 603) Theoretical perspectives Focus group FOCUS GROUP Subjects: purposive sampling (Robson 2002) Student Interpreters Seeking permission- consent form Jinhyun, C & Rogers, P. 'Improving Interpreting Performance through Theatrical Training' in The Interpreter and Translator Trainer Vol. 4:2, 2010: 151-171. - Use of Open-ended and closed-ended questions -Open-ended questions allow for answers that the researcher may not have anticipated - Multiple-choice questions

Multi-item scales that provide respondents with a choice of options that represent their agreement. Extremely efficient for scientific measurment purposes (Dornyei, 2003) - Use of Likert scales SURVEY LAYOUT
Administering an instruction sheet as well as giving an oral explanation of researcher's aims - Versatile, can be used to obtain data on an array of topics, in diverse situations (Dornyei 2003) -"one of the most efficient data collection methods that second language researchers have at their disposal'' (Gass & Mackey, 2007) "Entertain mixed models [...] Quantitative and qualitative inquiry can support and inform each other[...] Think of it as a hybrid vigour.'' (Miles and Huberman, 1994: 310)

(Tracy & Robins, 2004 a, cf. McIntosh et. al., 2011). "Pride is most effectively shown through body posture'' "The Benefit of Power Posing Before a High-Stakes Social Evaluation'' Cuddy, Wilmuth & Carney, 2012 The complex and inherently unpredictable nature of interpreting can be a major source of anxiety for student interpreters, particularly when they are called upon to perform in a language in which their proficiency and confidence levels are limited. Specific techniques for managing this anxiety, however, are often lacking in interpreter training programmes. Limitations & recommendations Scope for further research in the future -Simultaneous interpreting
- Limited number of participants
-Client's assessment of interpreters' performance Experiment tested whether changing one's non-verbal behavior prior to a high-stakes social evaluation could improve performance in the evaluated task. Participants adopted expansive, open (high-power) poses or contractive, closed (low-power) poses, and then prepared and delivered a speech to two evaluators in a mock interview situation. Open postures reflect high power
Closed postures reflect low power
"Not only do these postures affect power, they produce it'' (Cuddy, Wilmuth & Carney, 2012) Findings: More theoretical perspectives Stanislavski's
Building a Character. Discusses the coping mechanisms an actor requires in order to deal with impromptu situations while he or she is performing on stage. The art of restraint and mastering control of one's body language and movement to enhance performance, sharpness of thought and intuition. What problem??? Pause Body language reveals how we feel Research Proposal Presentation Sorcha Ryan MACI 2012-2013 Consecutive interpreting vs. simultaneous interpreting -11 potential participants -microcosmic Online article: http://bodyodd.nbcnews.com/_news/2012/11/04/14886525-straighten-up-slouching-makes-you-sad-study-shows?fb_action_ids=10151166117253071&fb_action_types=og.recommends&fb_ref=AddThis_Blogs&fb_source=other_multiline&action_object_map= REFERENCES -Did students feel their performances actually improved?

-If so, in what way? How did they feel their performances improve?

-Contribute to Interpreter student training Aims of Research -Effective strategies to help students prepare beforehand and boost their confidence
-Filling a gap in the literature "In a recent study from San Francisco State University, students were told to either walk down a hall in a slouched position or to skip. The slouchers reported increased feelings of depression and lower energy than skippers'' Savoie, K. 'Straighten up! Slouching makes you sad, study shows' available at http://bodyodd.nbcnews.com/_news/2012/11/04/14886525-straighten-up-slouching-makes-you-sad-study-shows?fb_action_ids=10151166117253071&fb_action_types=og.recommends&fb_ref=AddThis_Blogs&fb_source=other_multiline&action_object_map= [accessed 6 November 2012]
BESSON, C., GRAF, D., HARTUNG, I., KROPFHAUSSER, B., & VOISARD,S. 2005. The Importance of non-verbal communication in professional interpretation. http://aiic.net/page/1662. [ accessed 12 October 2012].

CUDDY, A. J. C., WILMUTH, C. A. & CARNEY, D. R. 2012. The Benefit of Power Posing Before a High-Stakes Social Evaluation. Harvard Business School Working Paper. Available at http://www.hbs.edu/faculty/Pages/profile.aspx?facId=491042 [accessed 10 October 2012].

DANICA, S. & SELESKOVITCH, D. 1998. Interpreting for international conferences : problems of language and communication, Washington, D.C., Washington, D.C. : Pen and Booth.

KURZ, I. 2001. ‘Conference Interpreting: Quality in the Ears of the User’. Meta: journal des traducteurs/ Meta: Translators’ Journal, vol. 46, no. 2, pp.
394-409. Available at http://id.erudit.org/iderudit/003364ar. [accessed 12 October 2012].

STANISLAVSKY, K. 1979. Building a character, London, Methuen Drama.

TEDGlobal 2012, 'Amy Cuddy: Your body language shapes who you are', [online video], available at http://www.ted.com/talks/amy_cuddy_your_body_language_shapes_who_you_are.html [accessed 8 October 2012]. Poor posture can lead to

-Career problems!
-Makes you look heavier!
-Cuts off circulation!
-Stresses you out!
-Disease and death!! People who adopted powerful postures (open shoulders and straight spines)
20 % increase in testosterone levels
25% decrease in cortisol levels

but people who slouched
10% decrease in testosterone
15% increase in cortisol.

That translates into low self-confidence and high stress. Jinhyun, C & Rogers, P. 'Improving Interpreting Performance through Theatrical Training' in The Interpreter and Translator Trainer Vol. 4:2, 2010: 151-171.
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