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WWII webquest

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on 29 October 2012

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Transcript of WWII webquest

List 3 Causes of World War II. 1. Many troops Adolf Hitler got control over during WWII in Germany, disagreed with NAZI rules but went with it, because promised the end Bolshevism.

2. The Treaty of Versailles gave shame and humiliation towards Hitler, who was an opportunist, and he not only blamed the people who wrote it, but also blamed the signing on the Jewish-Bolshevik rule.

3. The hate for other races and religions fueled Hitler during WWII. 1. Social, political, historical, and economic conditions were torn down in Europe during WWII.

2. The main countries in WWII were Germany, England, Italy, Japan, France, the United States of America, and Russia. What were the political conditions in Europe in 1940? What countries were at war? 1. The United States got pulled into WWII by the bombing of pearl harbor, committed by the Japanese on Dec. 7Th, 1941. 3. Why did the United States become involved in the war? What was date that the U. S. entered the war? 1. The three main AXIS powers were Germany, Italy, and Japan.

2. The three main ALLIES powers were England, the United States of America, and Russia. 4. Who were the three main AXIS powers? Who were the three main ALLIES? 1. The Maginot line was a row of French army to defend against the AXIS powers. In 1940, the German’s attacked the Maginot line, defeating easily with a war tactic known as BLITZKRIEG. 5. What was the Maginot line? 1. The three Big Three (leaders) who set overall strategy were FDR, Winston Churchill, and Joseph Stalin. 6. Who were the Big Three (leaders) who set overall Allied strategy? 1. In June 6, 1944, the Allied troops stormed the beaches of Normandy France, known as Operation Overload. Over 9,000 ALLIED troops were killed or wounded, but 100,000 soldiers began to march across and defeat Hitler. D-Day was a turning point in WWII. What was D-Day? A. Joseph Stalin- The leader of the USSR during WWII, who joined the ALLIES when the NAZI’s attacked Russia, betraying the MOLOTOV-RIBBENTROP PACT or Non-Aggression Pact. With Stalin as leader, it was Russia that launched the Battle of Berlin in spring of 1945, the final victory over Germany.

B. Benito Mussolini- The leader of socialist Italy, who did not want to be allies with NAZI AXIS leader who tried to start the war.

C. Adolf Hitler- The leader of the German military. He killed himself April 30, 1945, just days before Germany’s surrender.

d. Franklin D. Roosevelt- The president of the United States of America during WWII.

E. Winston Churchill- Winston Churchill lead England through most of WWII and lifted the moods of the British people during the good and bad times.

F. Hideki Tojo- Tojo was the Prime Minister of Japan during WWII and was the one who launched the bombing of Pearl Harbor.

G. Dwight D. Eisenhower- Dwight D. Eisenhower was the Supreme ALLIED Commander of the invasion of D-Day. Then, on December for all of his good work of the war he was promoted to the United States of America's general had to put defense against the Germans counter attack. The Germans surrendered to him.

H. George Patton- Patton was the Commander of the Third Army. He led the Third Army during the invasion of Normandy and across Europe. He was also known for his Armored Warfare.

I. Harry S. Truman- Truman was the president of the United States of America after the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt’s in April 12, 1945. Truman launched the atomic bombs at Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

J. Douglas MacArthur- MacArthur was the Supreme Commander of the ALLIED Pacific. 8. Explain what role the following people played in WWII: 2. Types of government Totalitarianism- a political system where the state holds complete authority over the society and seeks to control every aspects of public and private life anywhere. – used by Nazi Germany, and Benito Mussolini Fascist -Fascists seek to unify their nation based on commitment to an organic national community where its people are united together as one people through national identity. – used by Italy in the 1940s Dictator- a ruler who assumes absolute power but is not officially sanctioned by heritage- used by Stalin (Russia), Hitler (Germany), Mussolini (Italy), Hoxha (Albania), Kai-shek (China) Communist-a socialist movement to create a classless, moneyless, and stateless social order structured upon common ownership. - used by the U.S.S.R. (Russia) in 1920s-60s 3. Tactics Blitzkrieg- a tactic of concentrating overwhelming force at high speed to break through enemy lines, and, once the lines are broken, proceeding without regard to its flank. Through constant motion, the blitzkrieg attempts to keep its enemy off-balance, making it difficult to respond effectively at any given point. Almost always used by Nazi Germany Carpet Bombing- a large aerial bombing done in a progressive manner to inflict damage in every part of a selected area of land. The phrase evokes the image of explosions completely covering an area, in the same way that a carpet covers a floor. Carpet bombing is usually achieved by dropping many unguided bombs. Used by Britain and the U.S.A. Strategic bombing- Bombing specific targets to weaken an enemy. Targeting cities and civilians was viewed as a psychological weapon to break the enemy's will to fight, and attacking military production factories makes the enemy weapons flow slow or even stop. Used by all sides. Kamikaze- When planes were hit, the pilot would intentionally crash the plane into the enemy ships, bases, or even other planes, making the Japanese planes a double threat. Eventually, the pilots would crash the aircraft before they were hit, becoming manned missiles. Used by Japan in every battle with planes. 4. Battles C. Stalingrad- Summer of 1942: German, Italian and Hungarian forces, under the command of Adolf Hitler, invaded the Russian city of Stalingrad in an attempt to boost moral with an easy victory, and gain Russian land. The attack succeeded, because of plain overwhelming numbers. a. Pearl Harbor- Dec. 7th 1941: The Hawaiian military base on Pearl Harbor was attacked by the Japanese empire in an effort to discourage the U.S.A. from entering the war. The outcome of this battle was that America went to war against Japan and eventually joined the allies in WWII. b. Battle of Britain- Sept. 6th, 1939: A long term series of battles between Germany and Britain intended to severely weaken Britain's army. There was no clear victor in the end. Both sides were severely weakened, and this gave Britain the support of the allied forces. D. Doolittle Raid- April 18th, 1942: An American bombing on Tokyo, Japan. The purpose of the bombing was to lower morale and is thought of as getting back at Japan for the attack on Pearl Harbor. The bombing was an easy victory, and the Japanese air defense commander committed seppuku, or ritual suicide, for his failure. e. Battle of the Bulge- Dec. 6th, 1944: With allied forces quickly advancing upon Germany's border Adolf Hitler decided on a final throw of the dice attack. He prepared a major assault upon the allied forces, trying to cut off some from their supply lines, while surrounding others. h. Okinawa- In 1945, the Americans made an amphibious attack on Okinawa in order to make an airbase. I. Bataan Death March- My (Matthew Schreyack) great great uncle, John Moyer, was a Prisoner of War captured and detained during this battle. He was sent to Camp O’Donnell and later to Cabanatuan Prison Camp. He was then transferred on the “hell ship” Taikoku Maru to mainland Japan where he slaved in the Motoyama copper mine before being sent to Tokyo Camp #1 where he remained until the end of the War.

The Bataan Death March was the unconditional surrender by General McArthur after a three month battle for Bataan. Sixty thousand Filipino and 15,000 American Prisoners of War (POWs) were forced to walk some 60 miles without any food and very little water to concentration camp, Camp O’Donnell. Approximately 2,500-10,000 Filipino and 300-650 Americans died before they could reach Camp O’Donnell. Some were shot, others beheaded, others bayoneted; others escaped to the jungle. Fallen men were run over by the Japanese tanks. It was a terrible event in our history. J. D- Day- In June 6, 1944, the Allied troops stormed the beaches of Normandy France, known as Operation Overload. Over 9,000 ALLIED troops were killed or wounded, but 100,000 soldiers began to march across and defeat Hitler. D-Day was a turning point in WWII. a. Anti-Semitic- Anti-Semitic means you’re against Jews.

b. Nuremberg laws- A series of unfair laws against Jews that made life for Jews almost intolerable.

1. What was Hitler's Aryan Race? Describe it.
the idea of a dominate race superior to all of the others in the world. The icon for the Aryan race was blonde hair, and blue eyes.

2. What was Hitler's Final Solution?
Hitler’s Final Solution was to kill any and all Jews.

3. What is the difference between a Concentration Camp and Death Camp? Where were these located?
At Death Camps you are killed shortly after you arrive, but at Concentration Camps people were put to work, tortured, and killed in the long run.
2. The Death Camps were located in Poland, while the Concentration Camps were located in Germany.

4. Describe methods used to exterminate the Jews and any other people in death camps.
1. NAZIs used gas chambers to kill Jews in large loads, and used shower heads that pours out cyanide gas instead of water to kill the ill.

5. What is genocide? Has genocide happened since WWII anywhere in the world? If so, give examples.
1. The murder or attempt to murder of all people from national, ethnic, or religious group.
2. Saddam Hussein attempted to exterminate the Kurds. 1) Explain how the role of women changed during the war.
1. Women made the weapons for the men at war and some became WASP’s, or Women Air force Service Pilots, who brought weapons to men at war and helped with shooting practice for soldiers by flying planes with airbags behind them for shooting practice. They also did many other jobs like nursing and journalism.

2) Give an example of how women made a difference on the Home Front.
1. The kept America up and running by taking jobs that back then were considered the man’s work.

3) Find a personal account of a family's experience on the Home Front during WWII and describe it in your own words.
1. Michael G. Tsichlis said that people had to come together to help each other. Families stayed together. People sacrificed and helped each other. Women and minorities went to work to support their families and the war effort. People used less and gave more. There were rations for paper, food and rubber. Things were recycled so they could be used to make planes and munitions. People had a “can do” attitude and worked hard and together. That generation is still known as the “Greatest Generation”.

4) How did the war time posters help mobilize the Home Front for war?
1. It told American citizens what they needed to do to support the troops.

5) What are the posters indicating about living conditions in America during this time?
1. The posters indicated that people needed to start conserving resources like food, gas and rubber. The posters indicated that the army needed nurses, factory workers, and for them to not talk about any secrets about the war. Home Front F. a. interment camp- The camps the United States of America put the Japanese living here after the Bombing of Pearl Harbor.

b. Executive Order 8802- A law passed to prevent against race, color, or nationality discrimination by private employers.

c. Describe how Japanese Americans were treated by the American people and government?
1. The Japanese Americans were treated poorly with contempt.

d. Where were these Japanese Internment camps located?
1. The Japanese Internment Camps were located in the United States of America. Japanese Interment 1) Describe the poster.

1. A dead soldier is leaning on a barbed wired fence, and the poster states “You talk of sacrifice… He knew sacrifice”.

2) Does the poster contain a hidden/implied message? What is the desired effect?
1. Yes
2. The poster is supposed to make you want to join the army.

3) What emotions do the images convey? What words are chosen for impact?
1. The images convey that you don’t know sacrifice until you join the army, your civil obligation.
2. The words chosen for impact are sacrifice and knew.

4) In what ways does the poster glamorize or villainize war or the people involved?
1. It glamorizes the soldier leaning dead on the fence, by implying he is a hero of war, by saying he knew sacrifice.

5) What effect would this poster have had on people of different ages and backgrounds in the 40's? For example, how would a teenager react to it? A veteran of World War I? A mother? A doctor? A minister?
1. A teenager would probably idolize the soldier.
2. A veteran would feel remorse for a fallen comrade.
3. A mother would feel like the war was a horrible waste.
4. A doctor would think of the soldier medics and how similar their jobs were.
5. A minister would think of the lost lives and pray for them.

6) Design your own time-warped propaganda poster to display in class. Propoganda 1) What was the Manhattan Project? Where did it take place?
The Manhattan project was the testing of the first model of the atomic bomb, the a-bomb

2) What were the results of the Manhattan Project?
It was deemed a success and was one of the main factors of the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki

3) What was the name of the plane that delivered the atomic bombs to Hiroshima and Nagasaki?
The name of the plane that dropped the atomic bomb on Japan was Enola gay.

4) What major military base was formed on the TN/KY border during WWII and played a major role in sending soldiers to fight?
Fort Campbell Role of Tennessee in WWII Define:

a. atomic bomb-a bomb that uses nuclear fission to create a huge blast area
b. Hiroshima (What happened and when) – target of united state’s fat man atomic bomb in 1945.
c. Nagasaki (What happened and when)-U.S.’s second target with an atomic bomb, little boy, also in 1945. 1) What decisions were made at the Yalta Conference? Who was involved?

1. They decided World Organization by creating the United Nations for the maintenance of international peace and security; Declaration of Liberated Europe to unite those affected by Nazi WW-II to establish peace and to rebuild economically and to have interim government to help them recover; Dismemberment of Germany; Zone of Occupation for the French and Control Council for Germany which allowed French Occupied Forces to control part of Germany and invited the French to join the United Nations; Reparations which said they Germans had to pay; Major War Criminals which said that major war criminals would be investigated; Poland was awarded more territory and a provisional government until a stable free government could be established; Yugoslavia would be helped to establish a free government; various conflicts regarding southeastern Europe and Iran were to be considered by the three powers; Agreement Regarding Japan said that Russia would go to war against Japan with the United States and Britain under certain conditions after Germany was settled.

2. The people involved in the Yalta Conference were FDR, Winston Churchill, and Joseph Stalin.
1. The United Nations is a group of nations intended to stop wars between countries and to work toward international peace, law, and security, human rights, and economic development.
2. Some of the major accomplishments of the UN are peace keeping forces and human rights. The UN negotiated a peaceful settlement to the Iran-Iraq War and the civil war in El Salvador and the withdrawal of the Soviet Troops from Afghanistan. The UN promoted democracy by helping to establish free elections in countries like Cambodia, Namibia, El Salvador, Nicaragua and South Africa. It has served to protect human rights since adopting the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948. It seeks to protect the environment and provide humanitarian aid to victims of conflicts such as food,

shelter, medical aid, and education. It promotes Women’s Rights and has put international attention on countries to help women. These are just a few of the many good things the UN has done.
2) What is the United Nations? What are some of the major accomplishments of the U.N?

3) What were the results of the Potsdam meeting?
1. The US, the USSR, and Britain decided to divide Germany and Austria into three or four zones of occupation, with representatives from each in the capitols of Vienna and Berlin. They decided that certain parts of Germany were to be transferred to the USSR and Poland with the Germans living there deported. They also decided that war criminals should be tried for their crimes at Nuremberg and what reparations were to be made.

4) Explain how the world map changed after WWII?
1. Germany east of the Oder and Neisse Rivers was transferred to the USSR and Poland. Basically USSR retook the land lost it to Germany during the war and Poland was given back what Germany took from it during the war.

4) How did the war time posters help mobilize the Home Front for war?
1. It told American citizens what they needed to do to support the troops.

5) What are the posters indicating about living conditions in America during this time?
1. The posters indicated that people needed to start conserving resources like food, gas and rubber. The posters indicated that the army needed nurses, factory workers, and for them to not talk about any secrets about the war.

6) What is the importance of the International Monetary Fund and World Bank?
1. It was the role of the IMF and World Bank to make sure that the exchange rate of currency was stable and to encourage its members to eliminate exchange restrictions that would make trade difficult.

7) What were the results of the Geneva Convention?
1. The Geneva Convention is basically four treaties formed in Geneva, Switzerland. These treaties set standards for all law for humane concerns. They concern the treatment of non-combatants and prisoners of war.

8) What were the results of the Nuremberg Trials?
1.24 main political and military leaders of Germany were tried before the international military tribunal. About 100 additional defendants, leaders of sectors of German society, were tried before the United States military tribunals in a series of twelve trials known as “Subsequent Nuremberg Proceedings”.

9) What is the Universal Declaration of human rights -1948?
1. The U.D.H.R was adopted by the U.N in December 1948. It was the first collection of rights to be recognized by all nations that all human beings were entitled to.

10) What was the Marshall Plan?
1. After the war, Europe’s economy was in shambles. The U.S. offered to help rebuild the continent’s economy and political stability. The idea was first proposed by Secretary of State (of that time) George C. Marshall, who the plan was named for. Summing it all up The battle of coral sea was a four day battle (4–8 May 1942) with the japanese trying to conquer and occupy Port Moresby in New Guinea and Tulagi in the southeastern Solomon Islands. The Japanese invasion was repelled, but not defeated, by the American and Australian navies. F. The Battle of Coral Sea Holocaust Made by Jacob Higgins-Keziah and Matthew Schreyack
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