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Transcript of Auschwitz
Two famous people that escaped
were Rudolf Vrba, and Alfred Wetzler
They would get punished for not running enough when they were told to run, for not listening to the gaurds, and even for asking for more food when they were hungry.
How they did It
They Had some help escaping from the loggers. (which were the people that stacked the logs) They had stacked some logs but they left the center of the stack hollow for Vrba and Wetzler to sit inside.
Vrba and Wetzler climbing into
to log pile
They would receive coffee, bread, and soup throughout the day. Food was scarce, so it was thought that the people needed to trade their most precious possessions for food just so that they could survive.
They would do manual labour for “the man” (Hitler) They were put into different camps to do manual labour. Some labour was easier than others, some deadlier than others. People were only sent to the camps if they were able to do the labour. Other people would be sent straight to their deaths
Very few people were able to escape alive throughout the war. Most people would be sent straight to their deaths at the start of the departure. Children and the elderly were killed right away. They were not physically fit enough to work at the labour camps.
People would die on a daily basis from abuse, starvation, dehydration, and several other things.
Escapees (see above):
Escaping was something that could only be done if a person was ready to be put to the task.
Of the many people that tried to escape, a very low percentage were able to survive the initial breakout or the long journey to actual safety.
End of the war
After the war, a total of about 6 million people were killed in the camps. Eventually, people were rescued and brought back to safety, after losing many friends and family.
People would get a very low supply of food, making the work difficult, but it was hard to stay fit.
Most people became very weak and pale.
Meals: After being fed only enough to survive, but they were still being starved.
The combination of intense labour and lack of food made people fall very ill. People that were ill or injured would be brought to the infirmary.
If people were not healthy, after a certain period of time, they would be sent to their deaths. Many people faked their health in hopes to avoid certain death.
Type of Jobs
They had many different jobs for the variety of prisoners, it ranged depending on the age.
Some people would dig holes for the dead bodies to be dumbed into. Or build the blocks that the prisoners lived in.
People often worked from morning roll call to dinner roll call.
After they escaped
After they escaped Auschwitz they
went to Hungary. When they got to
Hungarian jewish council.
How they got punished
If they got caught trying to escape the camp they would get hanged infront of all the other inmates in the camp. The inmates would be forced to watch until they died. They would get punished in different ways for doing different things, for example they would get beaten for asking for more food. They would even get gassed just for being jewish.
Roll Call - They needed to make sure that none of the prisoners had escaped from the camps
If prisoners escaped, then they would search for a maximum of 3 days before the search was over. Very few people were able to escape and survive long enough to get to safety. An attempted escape would result in a punishment of death
They would do different manual tasks based on their location. They would be forced to do certain tasks based on which labour camp and which block they were in. A block in a labour camp is only a subgroup of tasks that need to be done for the larger purpose of the whole camp
People would be forced into cramped areas in order to move large amounts of people using minimal space. It would be hard to stand and people would even need to lie on top of other people in order to simply fit.
Marching would be a way to tire out the prisoners and to get them to other places. Not very much would be said due to the need to save their breath to simply stay alive.
Wiesel, Elie, and Marion Wiesel. Night. New York, NY: and Wang, a division of Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2006
Before Auschwitz the most of the prisoners were jewish, but after most of them didn't even really follow a religion anymore. When they were in the camp they lost all hope of religion because if there really was a God he wouldn't let that happen to them.
A way to pass the time while working was to converse with other prisoners. They would need to stay quiet in order to not draw attention to them.