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Transcript of Friedrich Nietzsche
The Principle of Apollo
In his book, The Birth of Tragedy, Nietzsche defines two principles of Greek culture:
Apollo~ serenity, clarity, moderation, rationalism
Dionysus~ impulsiveness, excess; the affirmation of life, eroticism, and orgy as a culmination of the longing to live The Eternal Return
Basically meaning that life repeats itself.
After all combinations of the elements have been realized, the "Great Year" will occur, where the world would end. Then the life cycle that was created before, will start again. He takes this belief and says that life is not limited to one's accepting and wishing for life only once, but an infinite amount of times. This belief has also added to his reasons to not believe in God. Übermensch
"Man must go beyond himself and become something superior to man". He believed the highest good in life itself is the "will to power" and that in order to become superior one must see the nihilistic negativity and accept it, creating positive means. Giving life worth even though none of it matters. The Morality of Masters vs. The Morality of Slaves
He defines two types of people, of both extremes. Concludes that compassion is the greatest evil, Christian morality is resentment, and war is needed to develop the morality of the masters. He disagrees with Kantian ethics of duty, utilitatian ethics and Christian morality.
Morality of the Masters~ Powerful individuals of superior vitality and only applies to those who are superior, focusing on their vital impulses.
Motrality of the Slaves~ Weak, miserable people. Focused on their lack of confidence and respect for compassion, patience and humility.