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Constitution Foldable

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Hannah Butts

on 25 February 2014

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Transcript of Constitution Foldable

The Preamble
The preamble states the six goals of the constitution and the purpose of government. It explains the expectations the people should have of the government. This section is located in the very beginning of the constitution and it is an overview of the whole constitution.
Goal #1
~ Form a more perfect Union
The Six Goals of the Constitution
mentioned in the preamble
The first goal of the constitution is to form a more perfect union. This means to unite the states to form one strong nation. Our founding fathers wished to accomplish this through a strong and smoothly functioning government. With the articles of Confederation, the states each had a lot of power and so they were not united. They each acted as separate countries. This system did not work at all because the country could not govern itself properly. In order to keep the country under control and functioning, this goal was written in the constitution.
Goal #2
~ Establish Justice
The second goal of the constitution is to establish justice. In our country we want to ensure that all of the laws apply equally and fairly to all citizens. This is very important because before America became a separate country, the colonists were not being treated as equal British citizens. They had no representation in Parliament and they believed that this was unfair. They thought the laws were unjust and as a result, when the members of Congress wrote the Constitution, they made it clear that all laws made by the government would be fair and apply to all people in the same way.
Goal #3
~Ensure Domestic Tranquillity
Goal #4
~ Provide for the Common Defense
Goal #5
~Promote the General Wellfare
Goal #6
~Secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity
To, "ensure domestic tranquility," means to make sure that there is peace at home. The government will try its best to make sure that there is harmony in and between the states by preventing civil wars and protecting the states. This helps to unite the states because if they were all constantly fighting, each state would be worried about its own defense and the country would separate. The Supreme court helps to settle disputes between the states.
The fourth goal of the Constitution is to provide for the common defense. This means that the government will protect the citizens from the invasion of foreign countries. Not only will the government protect the country as a whole, but it will also help individual states defend themselves. This goal helps citizens feel comforted because they know that the government has promised to protect ll of them in the case of wars or invasion.
When the government aims to, "promote the general welfare," they are trying to educate all citizens about health and happiness in order to help them pursue happiness. In the late 1700s, when the constitution was being written, the people believed that government existed only to protect the peoples natural rights. The natural rights are life, liberty , and the pursuit of happiness. This goal of the constitution is helping to protect the people's right to the pursuit of happiness. The leaders of the nation believed education was very important to a democracy so they made sure that the education provided informed students on how to be healthy so that they could be happy.
The final goal of the constitution is to ensure the current generation and the generations to come their natural rights. This means that the government will work to secure the rights, including freedom, of all the citizens and the children of the country. Freedom was very important to all the people during the time period that the Constitution was being written. They had just fought a war to earn their freedom and they did not want all the blood that was shed and lives that were given to be for nothing. They wanted the people to enjoy their freedom for as long as possible. This is why the members of congress agreed that this goal of the constitution, to ensure freedom to all generations, should be written and followed
Innocent until proven guilty
"life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness"
Article I
Article l of the Constitution includes information about the Legislative Branch, whose main power is to make and pass laws. It explains the Bi-Cameral legislature and the powers of each house of Congress. In Article l you can find how a bill becomes a law and specific powers denied to Congress and the states as well as powers granted to Congress. This section is added to the Constitution to set the rules and requirements of the legislative branch.
Senate

*2 senators per state
*100 total people
*6 year term

Qualifications:
*must be at least 30 years old
*must be a United States citizen for at least 9 years

The Vice President is the president of the Senate. He breaks any ties that may occur.
House of Representatives

*number of representations per state determined by the population of state (minimum of 1 representative per state)
*Can have a maximum of 435 members
*2 year term

Qualifications:
*must be at least 25 years old
*must be a United States citizen for at least 7 years
Congress
How a bill becomes a law
The United States Census
The purpose of the United States Census is to count the population of the country in order to determine the number of representatives each state gets in the House of Representatives. This count of the population occurs every 10 years. The information about the census is included in the Constitution so that there is a way to determine the number of representatives for each state. The latest census counted about 308,745,538 people total in our country.
Article ll
Article ll of the Constitution states information about the Executive Branch. The main job of this branch is to carry out and enforce the laws. This branch includes the President, Vice President and cabinet members. Article ll of the Constitution includes information about elections and powers of the President. It is important to the Constitution because all people need to know about the job and requirements of the President to make sure that the President is always doing what he is supposed to do.
President
Qualifications:
*must be a natural born citizen
*must be at least 335 years old
*must be a United States resident for at least 14 years
Powers of the president:
The President is required to give the State of Union address once a year. This is basically America's report card. The President informs the people about how the country is doing.

The president has a 4 year term and can be elected twice.
The Electoral College
The purpose of the Electoral College is to ensure that the presidential election is not just a big popularity contest. In the days when the Constitution was written, the majority of the population was uneducated so the electoral colleges made sure that uneducated people did not choose who was most popular. This also makes sure that all of the states get a vote in the elections, preventing the largest states from controlling them. This voting system is still used today. The information about this process of election is included in the Constitution to allow all people to know and understand the process and for it to be set in stone as the way of election.
Article lll
Article lll of the Constitution is about the Judicial Branch of government. The primary goal of this branch is to settle disputes and decide if laws are constitutional or unconstitutional, otherwise known as the power of judicial review. The power of judicial review was not written it the Constitution but was given to the judicial branch after the Marbury vs. Madison case. This branch consists of the Supreme Court. The Supreme court has power over all other courts in the United States. Article lll is important to the constitution because it sets the rules and expectations of the judicial branch.
The Supreme Court
Supreme Court justices ...

*serve for life
*are appointed by the president (appointment is approved by the legislative branch)

There are nine members of the Supreme court and these 9 members have jurisdiction over all other federal or state courts.

The Chief Justice is in charge but not superior to the other members
Separation of Powers
In the Constitution, the powers of the federal government are separated. They are distributed between the branches of government. Each branch has specific powers and jobs. The purpose of this separation of powers is so that no one person or branch can become too powerful and abuse their power and to limit the power of the government.
Another system that is used to prevent one person or group of people is the system of checks and balances. This system was put in place so that no branch of government can abuse their power. For every power that one branch has, another branch has a power that can overpower that decision. In this way no single branch can rule the others.
Checks and Balances
Article V
There are two ways an amendment can be made...
Article V of the Constitution states the ways that an amendment can be added to the Constitution. This is important because as time and technology change, thew Constitution may need to change. There will be new threats to citizens' rights and the Constitution needs to be able to change in order to adapt to fulfill its job of protecting the natural rights of the citizens'. This article was added to the Constitution for those reasons.
Federalism
Federalism is the system of government in which there are delegated powers, powers given to the national government, reserved powers, powers kept for the states, and concurrent powers, powers that are shared between the national and state governments. This distribution of powers balances the authorities to prevent the abuse of power and the loss of natural rights.
Bill of Rights
The Bill of Rights was added to the Constitution to satisfy the anti- federalists who thought the Constitution did not protect all the people's rights. The purpose of these ten amendments was to give specific rights to the people. The Bill of Rights gives the people many important rights and states that even if a right is not specifically mentioned in the constitution is still belongs to the people.
Ratification of the Constitution
America faced trouble when trying to ratify the constitution. There were two disagreeing parties. The federalists agreed with the Constitution but the anti-federalists did not. This dispute resulted in the Bill of Rights, which secured the rights of the people.
Opening
The Constitution has been in place since 1787 and it the way that we are able to sustain order in our country. The purpose of this essential document is to lay out rules for the country and protect the peoples' natural rights. It originated at the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia,1787. Delegates met there to revise the Articles of Confederation but ended up starting a whole new way to run the country. If our founding fathers had not written this document, our country would be very different today.
Here is a fun video, that is a great overview of the Constitution!!
The
Hill
The United States
Constitution

This Court System is used in the United States and shows that the Supreme court is the highest court in the country.
Full transcript