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Orphans and Refugee Camps

Background Info on The Kite Runner
by

Kaltum Hassan

on 29 May 2011

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Transcript of Orphans and Refugee Camps

ORPHANS and REFUGEE CAMPS
Background Info on The Kite Runner Afghanistan has endured 25 years of brutal wars during which human rights were violated throughout all generations and genders, creating thousands of widows and tens of thousands of war orphans in desparate situations. A lot of these children are survivors of bombings, shelling of their homes, schools and playing fields; many others have been killed, raped, sold into prostitution or maimed by landmines, which still are present in the country. Many children today still suffer serious traumatic stress. They live on the streets and have to face the struggles of hunger, abuse, and extremely poor health. The lucky ones are taken into orphanages, which for the most part operate on very little resources, due to the lack of money, medicine and aid. In addition to facing life without their loved ones as well as in critical conditions, many of these children are also deprived of knowledge and education and the most basic fun other children of their age enjoy on a daily basis; such as mechanical toys, structure and builing blocks. Association for the Protection of Afghan Archaeology (APAA) is an organization determined to assist afghan people in the best possible way by raising funds to provide for their basic needs as well as enhance their lives and empower them as individuals. APAA provides these children with art materials and classes as well as educational reading material based on the Archeology and History of their country so they may grow up with a sense of pride as well as knowledge and hope for a better future. APAA’s President, Dr. Tarzi, grew up in Afghanistan and harbours the deep memories of war that he and his family had been through in his childhood. After visiting several orphanages he felt compelled to act on behalf of the orphans, so they may have a chance to have good childhood memories, unlike his. With the assistance of the Directors, they acted out quickly and created a list of items urgently needed to start the dractis changes. Civil war and destruction of towns and villages has caused mass movement of the people of Afghanistan in two major directions: emigration, mainly to Pakistan and Iran, or escape to the relative safety haven of the capital, Kabul. The civil war, which left many living in severe conditions in the refugee camps, has taken the lives of almost one million people including women, children and the elderly. According to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), estimates more than 5 million Afghans have been displaced neither as Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) inside a county or in neighboring states over the past twenty-three years. As many as 300,000 Afghans have entered Iran and Pakistan since Sept 11, 2001, while more than 3.5 million have been there for more than 10 years. Facts: More than one quarter of Afghan babies do not see their 5th birthday
According to UNICEF'S State of the World's Children Report, Afghanistan has the fourth worst record in under five child mortality; the infant mortaliy rate being 152 per 1,000 live births. An orphan is a child who lost both parents, therefore is referred to as an 'orphan' What is an Orphan? Thank You for Listening !
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