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美洲教會歷史

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John Chan

on 10 June 2015

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Transcript of 美洲教會歷史

1700
1800
2000
1900
美洲教會史
First Great Awakening
Independence Day
Abolitionism
Second Great Awakening
五旬節運動
Quaker
公誼會
Religious Society of Friends
George Fox
清教徒
Charles Grandison Finney
(August 29, 1792 – August 16, 1875)
1809 – April 15, 1865
Abraham Lincoln
Camp meeting
Holiness movement
Second blessing
Baptism with the Holy Spirit
Restoration Movement
恢復運動
恢復聖經裏的教會樣式
獨立基督教教會
一切回到聖經去
Pentecostalism
Churches of Christ
Christian churches and churches of Christ
Christian Church (Disciples of Christ)
普世合一運動
Alexander Campbell: "A Restoration of the Ancient Order of Things"
No Book but the Bible. No law but love. No creed but Christ.
Do Bible things in Bible ways; call Bible things by Bible names.
Where the Scripture speak we speak; where the Scripture are silent, we are silent.
In matters of faith, unity; in matters of opinion liberty; in all things, charity.
Truth first, union afterward; and union only in truth.
Back to Jesus, back to the Bible, back to Jerusalem.
恢復運動的口號
**These sloga are not inspired, they are not to be thought of as Scripture. They are truths that help us remember our commitment to be Christians only as were those saints in the first Christian century.
1861-1865
美國内戰
沒有樂器的敬拜
這種偏差的歷史觀還會帶引我們走上「還原主義」的道路:真理與啟示只存在於原典原型裡,往後所有歷史發展都是無意義的添加,甚或惡意的竄改。還原主義者相信有一個原裝正版的基督教,就是使徒行傳記載的初期教會。上帝在二千年前已經設定了後世教會所得學效的知識與行為,我們只要照跟便成了。在日後的教會歷史裡,所有制度、禮儀、信條的發展,都是人多餘的添加修訂,妄自逕作,無是生非,它們只能製造出荼毒我們信仰的後果。所以,我們要拆除一切傳統,回復原初的形式與內容,回歸使徒行傳與其他新約聖經的典範。

「還原主義」主張繞過歷史的基督教,把基督教全然非歷史化,把一切二千年的教會歷史看為有害的人為添加,得徹底摒棄,藉以追求一個純粹正確的基督教。某程度上,他們相信上帝已經一次過直接給予完整的啟示,表面上看他們是追求純粹的信仰;但實質上他們宣揚的是一個極其簡化的真理觀。這種不正視歷史的信仰體系有強烈的反智傾向,向把一切問題簡單地兩極化,其世界觀為極端的二元主義。[1]

筆者不是聖經主義者(Biblicist),不認同凡聖經裡沒有明白主張的,便不能在教會裡進行實施。(筆者最感厭惡的,倒是那些擷取聖經片言隻語,或某個故事(聖經榜樣?),便總結出某個屬靈「法則」、「定規」的做法。我視此為華人教會產生異端的最主要形式。)[2]
Precious Puritans
If you would allow me a second to deal with some in-house issues here

Hey Pastor you know it's hard for me when you quote Puritans
Oh, the precious Puritans
Have you not noticed our facial expressions?
One of bewilderment, and heartbreak, like "Not you too, Pastor"
You know they were chaplains on slave ships, right?
Would you quote Columbus to Cherokees?
Would you quote Cortez to Aztecs, even if they theology was good?
It just sings a blind privilege, wouldn't you agree?
Your precious Puritans
They looked my onyx and bronze skinned forefathers in they face
Their polytheistic, God-hating face
Their shackled, diseased, imprisoned, face
And taught a Gospel that said that God had multiple images in mind when He created us in it
Therefore destined salvation contains a contentment
In the stage for which they were given
Which is to be owned by your forefather's superior, image bearing face
Says your precious Puritans
And my anger towards this teaching screams of an immature doctrine
And a misunderstanding of the Gospel
I should be content in this stage, right?
Isn't that what Paul taught, according to your precious Puritans?

Oh you get it, but you don't get it
Oh that we can go back to an America that once were
Founded on Christian values
They don't build preachers like they used to
Oh the richness of their revelation
It must be nice to not have to consider race
It must be nice to have time to contemplate the stars
Pastor, your color-less rhetoric is a cop out
You see my skin, and I see yours
And they are beautiful, fearfully and wonderfully, divinely designed
Uniqueness
Shouldn't we celebrate that rather than act like it ain't there?
I get it
Your Puritans got it, but
How come the things the Holy Spirit showed them
In the Valley of Vision
Didn't compel them to knock on they neighbor's door
And say "you can't own people!"
Your precious puritans were not perfect
You romanticize them as if they were inerrant
As if the skeletons in they closet was pardoned due to they hard work and tobacco growth
As if abolitionists were not racists and just pro-union
As if God only spoke to white boys with epic beards
You know Jesus didn't really look like them paintings
That was just Michaelangelo's boyfriend
Your precious Puritans
Oh they got it but they don't get it
There's not one generation of believers that has figured out the marriage between proper doctrine and action
Don't pedestal these people
Your precious Puritan's partners purchased people
Why would you quote them?

Step away
Think of the congregation that quotes you
Are you inerrant?
Trust me, I know the feeling
Same feeling I get when people quote me like if they only knew
See I get it, but I don't get it, huh
Ask my wife
And it bothers me when you quote Puritans, if I'm honest
For the same reason it bothers me when people quote me
They precious Propaganda
So I guess it's true that
God really does use crooked sticks to make straight lines
Just like your precious Puritans
http://www.friends-hk.org/
Charles Haddon Spurgeon
浸信會牧師
1790-1840
Charles G. Finney, Lectures on Revivals of Religion (1835)
英國
1834 – 1892
美國復興之父
Albert Benjamin Simpson
1899
建道神學院
Congregational church
Presbyterian church
Baptist church
Methodist church
第一次大醒覺運動
Jonathan Edwards
George Whitefield
Samuel Davies
美國早期主要宗派
1730-43
4th July 1776
American War of Independence
1775–1783
Jonathan Edwards
與黑奴買賣
William Wilberforce
1759 – 1833
1785
信主
聖潔運動
你受過聖靈的洗嗎?
營會的誕生
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Christianity_in_the_United_States
美國基督教發展
Azusa Street Revival
William J. Seymour
Charles Fox Parham
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Awakening#First_Great_Awakening
1843 – 1919
我們信神,永恆的父,和祂的兒子耶穌基督,及聖靈。
我們信人會為自己的罪而受懲罰,並不是為亞當的違誡。
我們信由於基督的贖罪,所有人類都可以藉著服從福音的律法和教儀而得救。
我們信福音首要的原則和教儀是:第一,對主耶穌基督的信心;第二,悔改;第三,為罪的赦免的浸沒洗禮;第四,為聖靈恩賜的按手禮。
我們信人必須蒙神召喚,藉著預言和有權柄者的按手禮,才可以傳講福音和執行其教儀。
我們信存於原始教會中的同樣組織,即:使徒,先知,牧師,教師,傳福音的人等等。
我們信說方言,預言,啟示,異象,治病,譯方言的恩賜等等。
我們信翻譯正確的聖經是神的話;我們也信摩爾門經是神的話。
我們信神已經啟示的一切,及祂現在啟示的一切,我們也信祂仍要啟示許多有關神國度的偉大而重要的事。
我們信以色列的真正的聚集和十支派的復興;錫安(新耶路撒冷)會建立在美洲大陸上;基督會親自在大地上統治;並且,大地會被更新且獲得其樂園的榮耀。
我們要求有特權可依照自己的良心的指引,崇拜全能的神,並容許所有的人都有同樣的特權,讓他們自行選擇崇拜的方式、處所或對象。
我們信要服從國王,總統,統治者和有執法權的長官,要服從,敬重和維護法律。
我們信要誠實,真誠,貞潔,仁慈,有品德,並為所有的人做有益的事;的確,我們可以說我們聽從保羅的訓誡-我們凡事相信、凡事盼望,我們已忍受了許多事情,希望凡事都能忍受。任何有品德、美好、受好評或值得讚揚的事,我們皆追求之。
耶穌基督後期聖徒教會
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
Joseph Smith Jr.
Christian and Missionary Alliance (C&MA)
1897
基督教與反黑奴運動
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