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Representative Curriculum Designs

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Priscilla Pillai

on 22 October 2013

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Transcript of Representative Curriculum Designs

Representative Curriculum Designs

Priscilla Pillai

Learner Centered Design
A subject centered curriculum is a method of educating in which the curriculum is intended to be regarding a particular subject or theme as opposed to a more inclusive approach. Subjects are broken down and categorized accordingly. Most traditional institutions adopt this method of teaching.

Subject Centered Designs are subdivided into 5 categories ;

Subject Design
Discipline design
Broad Fields Design
Correlation Design
Process Design
The Problem Centered Design of learning is a student-centered method in which students learn about a subject through the experience of problem solving. This approach helps students develop their critical thinking skills and problem solving skills to direct them towards making logical and effective decisions.

The Problem Centered Design is divided into ;

Life Situations Design
Re-constructionist Design
What are Representative Curriculum Designs?
The representative Curriculum design is divided into three sections :-

Subject Centered Designs
Learner Centered Designs
Problem Centered Designs

Each design emphasis on different aspect of the curriculum and have thier own sub divisions.

Subject Centered Designs
Subject Design
Based on the credence that what makes humans unique and distinctive is their intelligence and the yearning to be imparted with knowledge are the natural fulfillment of that said intellect.

Curriculum is organized according to how essential knowledge has been developed in the various subject areas
Strengths of the Subject Design
Emphasis on verbal activities

Introduces students to the essential knowledge of society

Easy to deliver

Drawbacks of the Subject Design
Prevents individuality and originality in students

Disempowers students and lowers self esteem

Fails to foster communication, physical and emotional development

Compartmentalizes learning and expanding of knowledge

Neglects students’ needs, interests and experiences

Encourages weakened initiatives
Discipline Design
This design originated after World War II and gained popularity during the 1950s. It is based on the inherent organization and manner of the content of a curriculum. The manner in which content is learned is suggested by the methods scholars employ to study the content of their fields.
Strengths of the Discipline Design
Students attain mastery of content and independent learning
Stresses on understanding conceptual structures
Subjects to be taught to any child at any stage of development
Drawbacks of the Discipline Design
Disregards information that cannot be classified as disciplined knowledge

Addresses only the interests of the college or higher education bound

it is compulsary for students to adapt to the curriculum

Broad Fields Design
This design is also often referred to as the interdisciplinary design. It integrates curriculum content that go hand in hand and allows students to discern relationships among the various aspects of the curriculum content, as well as wholeness of meaning.
Strengths of the Broad Field Design
Allows students to discern relationships among the various aspects of the curriculum content, as well as wholeness of meaning
brings together well accepted content fields
Focuses on the "curriculum web", the connection between related themes or concepts.
Drawbacks the Broad Field Design
Issue of breadth vs depth
eg: how will students learn to appreciate the value of reading and learning if knowledge is made so superficial in schools?
Correlation Design
Allows for some connection or linkage of separate subjects that differ from each other in order to reduce fragmentation of the curricular content.
Strength of the Correlation Design
Allows linkage of some subjects to reduce fragmentation
Subjects are correlated , organized and selected with broad themes, problems and units
Subjects are combined in an innovative manner
Drawbacks of the Correlation Design
Class schedules don't allow a block of time sufficient for student to meaningfully study correlated subjects
Requires teachers to plan differently and cooperatively

Requires alternative forms of scheduling
Process Design
This approach is focused on the procedures and processes by which students advance knowledge, either in specific and fixed disciplines or in general terms. It emphasizes these procedures and dispositions to act that allow students to analyze their decisons and create frameworks by which the knowledge derived can be organized.
Strengths of the Process Design
Teaches students to think critically and analytically
Drawbacks of the Process Design
Lacks emphasis on the content of the subject, theme or curriculum.
This method of teaching emphasizes on a variety of various types of approaches that changes the role of the teachers or educators from people who impart knowledge or information to facilitators of student learning.

This approach is divided into four aspects ;

Child Centered Design
Experience Centered Design
Romantic Design
Humanistic Design

Child Centered Design
Students must be active in their environments if we are to optimize learning

Curriculum should be based on students’ lives, needs, and interests
This approach educates students to be active participants in their environments to enable teachers to optimize their learning experiences. The curriculum should be based on students’ lives, needs, and interests too.
Strengths of the Child Centered Design
Empowers students through ownership of knowledge

Allows for constructivist learning
Drawbacks of the Child Centered Design
The content of the subject of curriculum is not specific or fixed
Experience Centered Design
This approach tells us that all that is taught has to be done on the go. The needs and interests of each child cannot be met or anticipated.
Strengths of the Experience Centered Design
The curriculum can often be based on the experiences and prior knowledge of the student
Drawbacks of the Experience Centered Design
The content of knowledge of the curriculum is not specific of fixed because it is focused on experience and proir knowledge
Romantic Design
In this design, learning results from the communication among people thus by challenging content and accepting different opinions about the content, as well as from critiquing the purposes of the information presented. It is also known as the 'Radical Approach'
Strengths of the Romantic Design
This method emancipates as well as liberates the student
Drawbacks of the Romantic Design
This approach threatens the status quo of a particular curriculum.
Humanistic Design
The humanistic design focuses on the attention that should be on the subject nature of human existence; there is a relationship between learning and feeling. It also stresses on empowering individuals and the development of positive self concept and interpersonal skills.

Strengths of the Humanistic Design
Empowers students and develops self love
Develops a students self esteem and confidence.
Drawbacks of the Humanistic Design
Inadequate consideration of methods in light of consequences for learners

Inconsistent emphasis on uniqueness of individuals and activities that all students experience

Too much emphasis on the needs of the individual over the overall society

Does not integrate what is known about human learning and development
Problem Centered Designs
Life Situations Design
Re-constructionist Design
Strengths of the Life Situations Design
Drawbacks of the Life Situations Design
Strengths of the Re-constructionist Design
Drawbacks of the Re-Constructionist Design
This approach is based on persistent life situations that are crucial for a society to function and it makes sense to organize a curriculum around them . Students will see direct relevance to what they are studying if the content is organized around aspects of community life and by having students study social or life situations, they not only study ways to improve society but become directly involved in that improvement
Presents subject matter in an integrated from by cutting across the separate subjects and centering on related categories of social life
Focus on problem solving procedures for learning
Uses the past and current experiences of learners as a means of getting them to analyze the basic areas of living
Teachers lack adequate preparation
Does not adequately expose students to their cultural heritage
Determining the scope and sequence of essential areas of living is difficult
This method of curriculum should address contemporary social problems and social action projects aimed at reconstructing society. Educators will effect social change and create a more just society. The Re-Constructionist curriculum has the primary purpose of engaging the learner in analyzing the many severe problems confronting humankind.
Engages students in the analysis of the society and its happenings.
Engages students in critical analysis of the local, national, local and international community in order to address humanity's problems.
May be misunderstood thus resulting in social inequality
Ornstein, A. and Hunkins, F. 2013. Curriculum Foundations, Principals and Issues. 6th ed.
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