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Transcript of Teen Pregnancy
$1.9 billion for health care
$2.3 billion for child welfare
$2.1 billion for incarceration
$2.9 billion in lower tax revenue Children of teen mothers earn lower income as adults and pay less in taxes Mother Child Mother Child Effects of Teen Pregnancy Health Risks Difficulties in Education Economy Glamorization of Pregnancy Lack of Knowledge Absent Parents Sexual Abuse or Rape Peer Pressure Teenage Drinking Causes of Teen Pregnancy Be an Involved Parent Education on Pregnancy Prevention Education on Teen Pregnancy Prevention of Teen Pregnancy "Pregnancy by a female, age 13 to 19, which is understood to occur in a girl who hasn’t completed her core education, secondary school, has few or no marketable skills, is financially dependent upon her parents and/or continues to live at home and is mentally immature."
(Segen's Medical Dictionary, 2012) Neglect and Abuse
Life of poverty Not finishing high school
Teen parent themselves Risk of being abused or neglected.
Placed in foster care in the first 5 years of their lives. Uneven start in life
Grow up in a poor and “mother-only” family
Poor or underclass neighborhood
Experience high risks of health Children of teen mothers are more likely to drop out of high school then those of adult mothers
Only 77% of children of teen mothers complete high school compared to 89% of the comparison group. More likely to give birth before the age of 18
Risk of economic dependence
Less likely to escape poverty Teen Pregnancy
Statistics Health Risks
Difficulties in Education
Premature labour and delivery
Baby born with a low birth weight
Preeclampsia (swelling and high blood pressure)
Anemia (low iron levels in blood) Low academic accomplishments
60% don’t receive high school diploma Speech, hearing and vision problems (premature)
Drop out of high school Pressure to fit in
Friends influence choice to have sex
Unaware of consequences
Most teenagers have sex to appear cool
29% pregnant teens admitted they were pressured to have sex
33% admitted they weren’t ready but still committed the act out of the fear of being unaccepted among peers Limited or no guidance from parents
Teens turn to friends for advice on sex because parental guidance is unavailable Media glamorizes teen pregnancy
Some teen pregnancy related movies encourages teens to participate in sexual activities
Some teenagers become pregnant to gain social acceptance Teens who are uneducated about sex have a higher risk of unplanned pregnancy
Not understanding the biological and emotional aspects related to sex
Lack of knowledge to make responsible decisions about sexual activity 43-62% teens were impregnated by an adult male
2/3 reported the father of their babies was 27
5% of all teen births are outcomes of rape 75% of teen pregnancies occur under the influence of alcohol
9% teens reported they did not plan to have sex even though they were drinking at the time. Education on Teen Pregnancy Education on Pregnancy Prevention Be an Involved Parent Peer Pressure Absent Parents Glamorization of Pregnancy Lack of Knowledge Sexual Abuse or Rape Teenage Drinking Educate about the responsibilities involved in becoming a young mom
Parents and teachers can help teens realize the responsibilities involved in parenting
Parenting is a life-changing event, not a job that can be assigned to family members or friends when it gets hard. Self-denial has proven to be a very effective method of birth control.
Using birth control
Some teens prefer not to talk to their parents about birth control due to fear.
Schools and parents should educate teens to wait until they are responsible enough to use protection to engage sexual activities. Maintain a close and open relationship with their children
Get to know your teens' friends and their families
Talk to teens often about sex BY: Raisa. K Premature birth causes:
In some cases, death
Low birth weight causes:
Respiratory- distress syndrome
High blood pressure
Bleeding in the brain