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The Revolutionary War
Transcript of The Revolutionary War
The men built log huts, as well as defensive trenches to protect the camp. They were also trained by Baron Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben. General Cornwallis was losing his grip on the Carolinas, and decided to lead his troops into Virginia, where they seized Yorktown and Gloucester.
American and French troops were able to arrive at Yorktown and form a semi-circle around the entrenchments there, putting the British at siege.
Cornwallis decided to stay in Yorktown and await the arrival of a relieving force.
American troops carried out formal siege opperations, and left the British in a sticky situation.
With no sign of relief, and with the British running out of ammunition and food, Cornwallis and his troops marched out of Yorktown and surrendered on October 19th, 1781.
Great Britain-Force:8980 America-Force: 20600
Killed: 309 Killed: 72
Wounded: 326 Wounded: 180
Captured: 8007 Captured: 0 Advantages and Disadvantages Battle of Brandywine Battle of Monmouth Both sides entered the war with advantages and disadvantages (cc) photo by medhead on Flickr America Great Britain Advantages Disadvantages Advantages Disadvantages -Greater population (11 million British vs. 2.5 million colonists)
-The world's largest navy and one of the best proffesional armies
-More money, used it to hire Hessians -1/3 of colonists were slaves or Loyalists
-Colonists were used to fighting guerilla-style, not proffesional. This threatened relationship with European allies -British were fighting 3,000 miles away from home, unfamiliar with territory
-Style of fighting was not well-suited for the land -Colonists knew the area well
-France and Spain as allies
- Blockaded the coast
-Greater cause for fighting war (rights, independece and
liberty) During early months, supplies were scarce, but available. As spring
approached, so did disease. Out of 2000 casualties, 2/3 were solely
due to this.
Washington and his men left Valley Forge on June 19th, 1779 after
hearing that the British departed from the city of Philadelphia. After facing defeat in New York, General George Washington and his troops were forced to retreat across New Jersey. Many soldiers lost hope
and left the army.
The American army isolated all three Hessian regiments stationed in Trenton, and took cover in houses where they were able to fire freely. The Hessians were fully surrounded and were not able to coordinate with each other, leading to a forced surrender and brutal defeat.
The Americans won this battle
Great Britain- Force: 1520 America: Force: 2400
Killed: 22 Killed: 2
Wounded: 86 Wounded: 5
Captured: 906 Captured: 0
Despite this battle being small, it boosted the confidence of the American soldiers, which was Washington's intial goal. It led to an increase of enlisted soldiers. The Battle of Brandywine or Brandywine Creek was planned by both armies and therfore inevitable.
It was started by a small encounter between British and American troops, and quickly escalated, extending three miles away from the initial confrontation. By 4 p.m., it was apparent who would win and the American army retreated.
The British won this battle
Great Britain-Force: 15500 America-Force: 14600
Killed: 89 Killed: 300
Wounded: 488 Wounded: 600
Captured: 6 Captured: 400
Washington made several mistakes that almost led to the complete annhilation of the American army. However, due to certain errors made by the British, this did not happen. The British were on a 100 mile march from Philadelphia to New York. Washington decided to attack them as they left Monmouth Courthouse.
After three skirmishes in one day, British and American troops continued to fire until the the sun set. During the night, British soldiers withdrew and continued their march to New York. Washington did not follow them.
The battle resulted in a draw
Great Britain-Force:14500 America-Force:11000
Killed: 289 Killed: 400
Wounded: 641 Wounded: 40
Captured: 60 Captured: 22
Although the battle resulted in a draw, it was a victory for the British because they were able to retreat to New York and successfully reinforce the city. As for the American army, the training that took place at Valley Forge paid off, as they were able to hold their ground against the more experienced Britsh army. In mid-September, the British crossed the Hudson and headed towards Saratoga, in preparation for the winter. The two armies met , north of Albany, at Freeman's Farm, where the British lost many soldiers.
Both armies clashed again, south of Saratoga, and the British army was defeated.
Great Britain-Force: 600 America-Force: 6600
Killed: 300 Killed: 30
Wounded: 370 Wounded: 100
Captured: 5900 Captured: 0
Turning point of the Revolution, revived Americans' spirits at desperate time (after the loss at Brandywine and the British invasion of Philadelphia)
-France entered war as American ally. Britain recognized the United States of America as an idependent nation
Britain removed all troops from America
New borders were set for the United States
United States allowed British troops to leave and agreed to pay all standing debts
Loyalists that left America were allowed to return and any still living there were not persecuted