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The Holocaust

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by

Lisa Healow

on 28 March 2017

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Transcript of The Holocaust

The Holocaust
Others
During the era of the Holocaust, many other groups were also targeted, persecuted, imprisoned, and killed
200,000 Roma (Gypsies) killed
200,000 German mentally or physically disabled persons killed
1.9 million non-Jewish Polish civilians killed
2-3 million Soviet prisoners of war killed
political opponents (communists, socialists), authors and artists, male homosexuals, Jehovah's Witnesses, and other opponents of Nazism
Significant Events
Resistance
1944 - unsuccessful attempt to assassinate Adolf Hitler by German political opposition
Many groups rose up against Nazi regime, but were unsuccessful against the powerful German army
Germans sheltered Jewish people; outside groups sent aid from outside Nazi-controlled areas to Jewish people in hiding
Spiritual resistance took the form of preserving Jewish history and culture
Conclusion
Extermination camps, concentration camps, and forced labor camps remained in operation until Germany's surrender May 7, 1945
Between 1948 and 1951, 700,000 Jewish people immigrated to Israel
Defined
Holocaust
Greek origin meaning "sacrifice by fire"
state-sponsored persecution and murder of approximately six million Jewish people across Europe by the German Nazi regime

Genocide
violent crimes committed against groups with the intent to destroy the existence of the group
coined in 1944 by Raphael Lemkin
Greek and Latin for "killing race or tribe"
1938
1940-1941
1942
1939
1935
1933
Kristallnacht - November 9
Jews are required to carry special identification cards and have their passports stamped "Jew"
30,000 Jewish men are arrested and deported to concentration camps
Jewish children expelled from German schools
all Jewish businesses closed by Nazi government
destroyed more than 200 synagogues
Nazi Conquest of Europe
Nazis occupy Denmark, Norway, Holland, Belgium, Luxembourg, France in 1940
Nazis invade the Soviet Union June 22, 1941 - one million people killed by mobile killing units (Einsatzgruppen) following army troops
Six extermination camps with gas chambers for mass executions constructed in Poland
Final Solution Adopted
Nazi leaders adopt a policy of mass execution as "the final solution of the Jewish question"
Nazis begin deporting Jewish people in Nazi-occupied and controlled areas of Europe to extermination camps in Poland
Extermination camps, concentration camps, and forced labor camps remained in operation until Germany's surrender May 7, 1945
Nazi Party gains control
3-day boycott of Jewish businesses
first concentration camp established at Dachau
forced sterilization of "mixed-race" children, physically and mentally handicapped, Gypsies, Blacks, and others deemed racially or genetically inferior
Nuremberg Laws passed
prohibit marriage and relations between Jews and non-Jews
revoke citizenship of German Jews
forbid Jews to display the German flag
Nazi Invasion of Poland - September 1
Officially began World War 2; declaration of war from Great Britain and France followed on September 3
Thousands of Poles executed, thousands more sent to Germany as slave laborers
3 million Polish Jews confined to Jewish ghettos
Full transcript