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Transcript of I_BattleGrendel_9
by Daniel Betancourt & Mitch Marrero
Herot (the hall)
-Herot is Hrothgar's house. He is the king of the Danes. He is an old, wise ruler that shows a different type of leadership.
-Although he inspires Beowulf, he is too old and unable to stop Grendel.
-He lends his house to the Geats, a group of fourteen soldiers and their leader, so that they can kill Grendel.
-Grendel looks inside Herot and sees the hall full of warriors. Although he knows he shouldn't enter because it is well protected, his hunger convinced him otherwise.
-He goes inside and kills one of the Geats.
-While everyone else is sleeping, Beowulf is watching him, waiting for his chance to strike.
-Grendel is described as "the shepherd of evil, guardian of crime." This means that he symbolizes evil and his duty is to make sure that evil is taking place. He could also symbolize sin because Anglo-Saxons were converting to Christianity during the time.
-His ruthless existence is part of the punishment given by God for Cain's murder of Abel. Grendel is Cain's son. This is why he is "bearing God's hatred." Like Cain, he represents an outsider of society.
-Beowulf pretended that he was asleep. When Grendel went to kill him, his claws bent back because of Beowulf's strength.
-He tightened Grendel's claws till they cracked.
-This is an example of strength, a trait of Anglo-Saxon heroes. The poem says that Beowulf is the strongest man on earth.
-Grendel's first thought was to run away.
-The Danes hid in their beds during the fight.
-Grendel's shrieks were heard.
-All of Beowulf's men jumped out of their beds to help him.
-However, they couldn't hurt Grendel because he had bewitched every mortal man's blade.
-Grendel felt that his strength deserted him as he twisted in pain. Beowulf ripped away his arm, claw, and shoulder.
-Although Beowulf was victorious, Grendel escaped.
-The fact that he won without using his sword and without help is an example of how fate is always on the hero's side.
-Many people went to see the claws and the arm of Grendel that Beowulf hanged in the rafters. He did this so that the Danes wouldn't doubt
-Even though they admired Beowulf for killing Grendel, they remained loyal to the king. Loyalty is another Anglo-Saxon value.
-They followed Grendel's blood and
saw that he had gone to the edge of
the lake to die.
-This is an example of an Anglo-Saxon value because they admired heroes.
-For many years afterwards, people went to Herot and retold Beowulf's story.
-Old, prideful soldiers sang about Beowulf.
-The description used in the poem of the proud, old soldier reflects the techniques used by Anglo-Saxon poets because Anglo-Saxons praised their heroes by singing. It also says that poets wrote their poems from these songs.
-On this scene, the translator uses caesuras, or punctuation to convey the effect of the midline pauses.
-Example of a Caesura: "Out from the marsh, from the foot of misty Hills and bogs, bearing God's hatred, Grendel came, hoping to kill..."
-The rhythm created by these lines reinforces the actions by putting them in a list. The sudden breaks give the reader enough time to visualize what he just read.
-Caesuras also create drama and provide musicality to the epic poem.
-Before the fight is over, Herot is said to be indestructible. It stood firm throughout the fight because it was shaped and fastened with iron.
-During this description, there is alliteration ("Herot trembled, wonderfully built to withstand the blows, the struggling Great bodies beating at its beautiful walls...").
-The alliteration gives the impression that every time a word with the letter "b" is pronounced, there is a loud noise coming out from the fight.
-It also emphasizes the words with the letter because those words are more important than the others.
-He moves quickly through the forest on a cloudy night looking for people to kill before arriving to Herot.
-He had visited Herot many times before to kill Hrothgar's men. However, this time he found Herot better protected.
-Beowulf is the leader of the Geats.
-He travels across the sea to the land of the Danes because he wants to become a hero, increase his honor, and succeed his uncle as the king of the Geats.
-He wants to gain fame. This is an Anglo-Saxon value because it was the one thing that couldn't be taken away after death.
-He says to Hrothgar that he is going to fight Grendel without a sword.
-He represents the perfect Anglo-Saxon hero.
-An Anglo-Saxon hero is a legendary figure who performs deeds requiring incredible courage and strength.
-Beowulf is the perfect hero because he embodies the characteristics of courage, strength, and honor. In addition, fate, or wyrd, always ends up being in his side.
-Examples of these qualities are shown throughout the plot diagram.
-There is courage when Beowulf wants to fight Grendel without a sword. Beowulf does this because he believes in fate. He believes that if he is destined to kill him, he could do so with his bare hands.
-Honor was also already seen when Beowulf takes the decision to fight. Even though it could cost him his death, winning could bring him fame and glory.
-Courage, honor, and faith are Anglo-Saxon values.
-In this part, the poem mentions that "the swirling Surf had covered his death...". This is a metaphor comparing the depths of the ocean to hell. This is an example of Christianity and further emphasizes that Grendel represents evil or even a devil-like creature.
-Beowulf is an epic, or a long narrative poem that traces the dangerous journey of a hero. Beowulf's courageous deeds determine the fate of a the Danes.
-Beowulf embodies character traits that reflect
important ideals of society. He is of noble birth or high position.
-The poet uses formal diction and a serious
-It reflects timeless values and universal themes.
-The poem uses various techniques such as alliterations, caesuras, kennings, and stock epithets.
Themes in The Battle with Grendel
-Religion: There are several allusions to the Bible in the poem. For example, when Grendel dies it is said that he goes to hell.
-Good vs. Evil: Grendel represents evil and Beowulf good. Good wins.
-The Supernatural: Grendel bewitched the swords of Beowulf's soldiers to protect himself. The strength of Beowulf is supernatural because he rips apart Grendel's arm.
-Fate: Beowulf believes that life is predetermined and doesn't mind taking risks if they can bring him fame.