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Greek Mythical Creatures
Transcript of Greek Mythical Creatures
the stump every time he cut off
a head, preventing it from
multiplying. Thus killing it. Greek Mythology had many different monsters. Some of which include the: The Sphinx The Sphinx is a creature with the body of a lion, head of a woman, and wings of an eagle. The sphinx blocked the path to the city of Thebes, ansking each passer by a riddle; "What creature walks on four legs in the morning, two legs at noon, and three legs in the evening?" Anyone who did not get the riddle right would be killed. Finally on day Oedipus, king of Thebes, went and confronted the Sphinx. When she asked her riddle he answered, "Man. In the morning he is a babe, crawling on all fours and at noon he is a grown man walking on two feet. In the evening he is an old man using a cane to help him walk." The Sphinx, crushed that her riddle was solved, threw herself over the edge of a cliff killing herself. Cerberus Cerberus is the three headed dog who guards the gate to hades. When Hercules was tasked the 12 labours, his last was to bring Cerberus up from Hades. Hercules went down and grabbed Cerberus by the throat. Cerberus lashed at Hercules with its poisoned tail, but could not pierce the coat of the Nemean lion. Cerberus eventually gave up and submitted to Hercules. Hercules took him to the surface, showed him to everyone then returned him to the gates of Hades. Pegasus Pegasus is a winged horse, birthed from the blood of the gorgon medusa and sea foam. When he was born Perseus rode him over the sea to slay the sea-dragon, Cetus. Chimaera The Chimaera was a monster with the heads of a lion and a goat. It had the body of a goat and for a tail it had a snake. It could also breathe fire. This monster was killed by Bellerophon. Bellerophon, flying on pegasus, rained down arrows upon the Chimaera but they didn't help at all. Finally Bellerophon stuck a piece of lead on his spear and thrust it into the creatures mouth. It blew fire, melting the lead. The liquid lead trickled down the creatures throat, killing it. Triton Triton is the son of the sea god Poseidon. Triton is herald of Poseidon and is depicted as a mer-man. Minotaur The minotaur is a creature who has the head of a bull and the body of a man. He lives in a maze on crete and eats human flesh. Every year the Minoans demanded from the Athenians seven girls and seven boys to be fed to the minotaur. Theseus, prince of Athens, did not agree with this. He went to Crete and went deep into the maze. When he found the minotaur, he killed it. Sirens The sirens are creatures that lure passing ships over to their island with their beautiful songs. Their songs are so enchanting, they cause ships to crash against the rocks, destroying the ship. Griffin In Greek mythology, griffins were placed over graves and were guardians of riches and treasure. Scylla Scylla is a sea goddess who, along with charybdis, guards the rocks of a narrow strait. Scylla is a grotesque monster with 12 tentacle-like legs and six long necks with reptilian heads attached. Each mouth has three rows of teeth. Scylla would lie in wait until a ship sailed close enough, then reach down with her long necks and pick up sailors. Odysseus, on his way back to Ithica, went past Scylla and lost six men to her hideous heads. Arachne Arachne was a very arrogant mortal who thought she could weave with her loom, better than Athena the very goddess of looms. Arachne boasted that she was a better weaver than Athena. Athena, hearing this, approached her disguised as an old lady saying that she should be careful what she says about the gods. Arachne told her not to waste her breath and that she was much better thatn Athena. Athena then revealed herself. Everyone except Arachne shrunk back in terror. The Weaving contest began. Arachne wove a wonderful tapestry of all of Zeus's affair. Athena wove a picture of her and Poseidon's contest to the the patron god of Athens. In the end Arachne lost and realized her fault. She was so grief stricken that she went and hung herself. Athena, feeling pity, changed Arachne into a spider so that she could still weave. And to this day, spiders have sought out to make it terrible for Athena and her descendants. The Cyclops The cyclops were a race of one-eyed giants. There were two generations of cyclopses: the first three who were the smiths of the gods, and the less talented sons of poseidon. The original three were imprisoned by Cronos because he feared their power. Later Zeus freed them and they made Zeus's thunder bolts, Poseidon's trident, and Hades helm of darkness. Centaurs Centaurs are creatures with the body of a horse, and the torso and head of a man. They were in many stories and were said to be primitive. Python Python is a giant snake who Gaia made guard the oracle at Delphi. When Apollo's mother, Leto, was pregnant, Python harassed her chasing her from island to island. After Apollo was born he went to seek revenge. He went and slayed Python with his bow and arrows. Erinnyes The Erinnyes, or Furies, are the avenging goddesses. They were ugly creatures with black leathery wings and piercing red eyes. They live at the entrance to Tartarus and particularly torment people who kill their fathers. The Giants The giants were the children of Gaea and Uranus. They were huge creatures with snakes for legs. They were born to attack Mount Olympus and finally defeat the gods. When the gods saw the giants they ran. All but Athena who stood and fought. The only one who could kill the giants was Hercules. Every time a god wounded a giant, Hercules shot it with a poisoned arrow. Eventually they kill them all and saved the gods from extinction. The End