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International Studies

Worldviews and Mapuche Peoples
by

Rachael Bird

on 8 November 2015

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Transcript of International Studies

Worldviews and Mapuche Peoples of Chile

Che = People
Mapu = of the land
THE MAPUCHE PEOPLE - CHILE
Population today: approx 1.5million, approx 10% of the Chilean population

Language: Mapudungun

Religion: Nguillatun
RACHAEL
MELISSA
JASMINE
TAYLOR
LUCY

According to Ranzjin, "The term
worldview
is used to refer to the common concept of reality shared by a particular group of people, usually referred to as a culture, or an ethnic group," (2009, p.13)
Work
Share cultural knowledge with international students
Broadened worldview = more easily accept other perspectives
Education
All girls public high school
Study different cultures and languages
Travel
Never traveled overseas = limitation of worldview development
Religion
Non religious family
Choice of beliefs/practices
Respect for all religions
Incorporate a mix of values
Family
Parents born/raised in Sydney
Ancestor sent here as a convict from Mauritius in 1832
Grandmother came here by boat from England
Different perspectives of colonial history
FAMILY
australian background
non-religious
ethics and values
encouraged independence
EDUCATION
GEOGRAPHY
inner west
friends, family from this area
affects views on politics, social issues
TRAVEL
travelled from a young age
family, friends encouraged idea of travelling, seeing world
girls high school
promoted equality and difference
study of different cultures
Education
All girls religious school from a young age
studied languages since year 3
Religion
Non-practicing Anglican family
Was baptised as a baby
Put in a religious school from a young age
I am now not religous
Geography
North-Shore
Went to school in the same suburb I lived until year 10
Heavily influenced political views
Family
Dad from Sydney
Mum from Adelaide
Older brother - lives in Victoria
Both similar backgrounds
Dad heavily involved in politics - influences my view
WORLDVIEW
WORLDVIEW DEFINITION
Melissa + Rachael + Taylor + Jasmine + Lucy
Similar
: Australian, white, female, age, socioeconomic background, educational background, brought up around Sydney

Concepts to distinguish
: education, travel, religion, family, work, geography
Religion
Family
Education
Went to a Catholic girls Highschool

Study of language and culture
Travel
Have travelled quite alot from an early age
Have homestayed overseas and had people from different countries homestay with my family in Australia
Travel
Family holidays broadened cultural understanding

new world perspectives
Family
All Australian background

Middle Class

Indigenous Grandfather
Religion
Athiest

Non-religous family
Education
Co-ed public school

Very multicultural

Studied language and culture
Geography
Raised in the Shire

Very Anglo-Saxon

Not very multicultural
BACKGROUND
MAPUCHE WORLDVIEW
CHILEAN SPANISH WORLDVIEW
PROBLEMS
SOLUTIONS
FAMILY
Chilean conquest of Araucanía region caused the loss of traditional land

Not recognised as native inhabitants of the land, no rights as group of people

Difficulty teaching language and practising traditional way of life

Loss of culture

Clashes with police over land rights
Land =
Entire community
Superior
Living
Not set by boundaries
Basis for existence

Religion =
Natural phenomenon
Animistic/totemistic/trusted in shamans

Totems of worship (chemamules) =
Sky (
huenu
)
Sun (
antü
)
Sea (
lavquén
)
River (
lenfu
or
lebu
)
Stone (
cura
)
Water (
co
)

Culture continues despite transformation
Objective =
Colonise + develop the land

Democracy with Pinochet neoliberal policies

Right-winged worldview supports:
Free trade agreements
Paramilitary/police forces
Exploitation of gas, oil and coal
Imprisonment of dissidents
Business progression
Augusto Pinochet
His Excellency Mr Sebastian Piñera, President of the Republic of Chile
The
relationship
between Chilean population and the Mapuche people is
marked by violence
The state has repetitively
discriminated
against the Mapuche
Hunger strikes, occupation of distributed land, arson and sabotage of machinery equipment
20 Mapuche people
set fire
to a house
killing the two residents
Chile has responded using the
anti terrorism law
-
doubles the sentences
for offenses and allows for
convictions
on the basis of
testimonies from anonymous witnesses
Three
Mapuche protestors have been
shot dead

Dozens have been
jailed
Poverty level
is
double
that than the rest of the country
MAPUCHE PEOPLES TODAY
The return to democracy in 1989
1993 Legislation- Indigenous People's Act
2014 apology
Establishment of the CONADI
Largest ethnic group in Chile making up to 10% of the population today with approximately 1.5million people

Timeline:
A tribe of Araucanians moved to what is now known as Chile over 12000 years ago and are now the Mapuche people
1541, arrival of the Spanish and consequential 300 year conflict with the Mapuche people
1641, Treaty of Quilin is signed which recognised the independence of the Mapuche people and gave them rights to certain areas of land
1880s, the now 'Chilean' armies brought up a major uprising and finally pacified the Mapuche people

Australian background
Mum adopted so have embraced a culture of family through relationships rather than by blood
Grew up with religious grandparents and was baptised a Christian therefore adopted values of social justice which shaped how I see people and the world


Discussion Questions
Are all changes/ adaptions of culture bad? Have some changes benefited Mapuche people ?

Is what happened to Mapuche people similar to what has happened to many indigenous people around the world when invaded by another country? What is similar/ different?

What is your opinion of giving an apology to an indigenous group that has suffered/ still suffering as a result of clash of worldviews? Is it significant or an easy fix?
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