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Paleolithic Age (750,000 - 500,000 BC)

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Tran Duong

on 13 October 2013

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Transcript of Paleolithic Age (750,000 - 500,000 BC)

History of Technology
Paleolithic Age (750,000 - 500,000 BC)
The Paleolithic Era was also known as the Stone Age, because stone tools were invented during this prehistory era. It was a remarkable beginning of the history of technology. Stone tools could be consider as the seed of all technology that we have today. It was a significant achievement of human's development.
Stone Age
During this earliest stage of human existence, the simplest and most accessible resources were what came from nature. With the scarcity of resources, our ancestors, with the intellectual advantage, invented many different tools that could help them simplify their life with available materials - most significantly, rocks.

The Raft
The lower Paleolithic hominid homo erectus invented the raft around 800,000 - 840,000 BC in the purpose of making their traveling easier. Before this event, the only way to travel through water was to swim across the large and dangerous rivers. The process was extremely difficult and time consuming. The raft - a flat-bottomed structure that made out of logs - was an efficient tool that the homo erectus created to dissolve such issue as it was. With this invention, their water transportation improved greatly and contributed to the development of technology.

The Spear
The spear is an example of the Stone Age icon. It is a weapon that was made with sharpened rock and wood. During the Paleolithic Age, hunting was one of the main surviving activities of human; therefore, the technique for hunting was extremely important for the people of this era as it directly affected their food supplies. Initially, people of this time had to battle with the wild animals mentally and physically in order to trap them; as we can imagine, it was very intense and risky. However, ever since the spear came along, their hunting became relatively easy. Human did not have to trap the wild living prey before killing them; but instead, they could kill it from a distance will less effort and danger.


Credit
Group 1:
Omar Banales
Jose Covarrubias
Tran Duong
Engineering by Design

Social, Cultural, Economic Effects
Such invention allowed communication between tribes became simpler and quicker. As communication improved, the social relation also improved which was beneficial for the society as a whole. As traveling on water became less complicated, it allowed people to easily travel among their region. That was an opportunity was the homo erectus to share and spread ideas or belief with many others in distant places which helped united the people together as they shared a common culture and religion. The raft was not only useful for human in the social and cultural aspects, but also for economic purpose as well. Since the raft is a floating structure on top of the body water, it allowed human to transport goods across the water and able to keep them dry. Such advantage led to the increase of trades and that economic activity eventually created wealth, surplus foods, and free time.


Social, Political, Cultural, and Economic Impacts
As the tool was a weapon, it represents power for the man who possessed it. Such reality caused competition among hunters; everyone wanted to be the best hunter, the one with most power. The controversy led to "political" disputes in tribes over who should hold the most power and become the Chief. However, the effects of the idea of power the spear gave man was not completely bad because with a sense of power, human could feel more safe and comfortable due to the fact that they were basically lived with the wild animals. With women and children, the idea of safety was extremely important since they were left alone at home during the day when men went out hunting. This is crucial to the maintenance of a society and human existence. More spiritual practice or belief could also be an effect of this invention. People of the old time believed that the invention of the spear was a gift from God to help them survived the dangerous life style; they honored the spear through spiritual worship. Furthermore, we could assume that the easier hunting became, the more food the people gained, surplus foods. With the abundant amount of foods, people could trade with other tribes for other goods and creates the economic cycle, especially with the existence of the raft that helps transport goods.
Let Take a Glimpse at the Stone Age
References
Information:
Potts, Rick. "Human Evolution by The Smithsonian Institution's
Human Origins Program." Human Evolution by The Smithsonian
Institution's Human Origins Program. Smithsonian Institution,
n.d. Web. 27 Aug. 2013.
Denton, Roy. "The Shipwright." The Lýthian Paleolithic Age (Pre 10,000
BT). Roy Denton, 13 Aug. 2010. Web. 27 Aug. 2013.
O'Neal, Dennis. "Evolution of Modern Humans: Early Modern Human
Culture." Evolution of Modern Humans: Early Modern Human
Culture. Dennis O'Neil, 1999-2013. Web. 27 Aug. 2013.

Video:
Smith, Steve, and Dave Hodgson. "BBC History: Day In The Life: Stone
Age." BBC News. rans. Daniel Roche. BBC, 2011. Web. 27 Aug. 2013.
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