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Basic Terms and Flowing
Transcript of Basic Terms and Flowing
All debates share some basic commonalities in
Students are randomly assigned to a side:
In PF, this happens via coin-toss, in other debates it happens prior to round
Students will have to be prepared to argue both sides of the case, regardless of their personal beliefs
Flowing will help you follow the round
Each debate has a set number of speeches:
PF has 8, LD has 5, Policy has 8
The first 2 speeches in PF and LD, and the first 4 speeches in Policy are called Constructives. They lay out the case the debater is making. These are often pre-written.
Subsequent speeches are rebuttals, where debaters attack and respond to their opponent(s). These are pre-planned, but not pre-written.
So, what do we do?
Often, it's easier to keep a sheet of paper for each side of the debate and divide it into columns.
What was said in the constructive?
Try to write down arguments the debater is making in your own words. Try to summarize the evidence and note the year if you can.
What is said about the constructive in rebuttal?
If you can, line these up on the page.
What does the debater say in answer to the rebuttals?
Again, if you can, visually line these up.
What do you do with the Flow?
The Flow will help you make decisions at the end of a round.
Trying to remember what was said can be very difficult without notes, and the Flow can help you spot points that weren't attacked or were only made in early speeches.
NB: You don't have to treat everything on
flow as equal. Just because an argument wasn't attacked doesn't make it better than an argument that was by default.
If you've kept notes during the round of the Claims, you'll be better able to weigh the Impacts described by the debaters.
But, don't stress yourself out if your notes aren't perfect! We get better at doing this with time and practice!
Remember, it's their job to explain things to you! Not your job to know all the terms!
Finding our Way In
Claim/Contention- What you're attempting to prove.
Warrant- Evidence that helps you prove it.
Impact- Why that evidence is useful.
Card- A piece of evidence that has been cut down from a larger work and highlighted for reading. (Used as warrants)
Tag- A one sentence summary of the card.
Resolution- Res.- The claim being debated.
Uphold- To 'affirm' or agree with the Res.
Negate- To prove the Res. wrong.