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Origami: A presentation

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Matt Modesti

on 7 April 2011

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Transcript of Origami: A presentation

Origami: A Presentation By Matt, Palma, Elisa and Dary Origami, derived from the words Oru (meaning to fold) and kami (paper) is the art of paper folding. The name was penned shortly after 1797, after the first book Senbazuru Orikata (How to Fold 1000 Paper Cranes) was published. Origami is a traditionally Japanese art form, and begun around the 7th Century, in which paper making and folding techniques were first brought to Japan via China.
The introduction of paper and its folding techniques had a profound effect on Japanese culture, influencing areas such as architecture, art and even traditions and rituals. Early forms of origami centered more on practical uses, such as the folding of letters. The beginning of artistic origami truly began to formulate within the Edo period in Japan, which began c.1600.
Within the Edo period, origami transformed from practical to being an exquisite art form. It was the first time paper was folded into intricate designs, often modelled after flowers and animals. It is the folding techniques within this period that have been passed down from generation to generation, and have widely formed the basis of the many folding techniques that exist today. The grandmaster of modern origami is considered to be Akira Yoshizawa (1911-2005). Considered to have elevated origami from a craft hobby to living art, Yoshizawa was so dedicated to the art of origami that he lived in total poverty in Japan for nearly 20 years, in order to practice origami on a full time basis. It was in the monograph Atarashi Origami Geijutsu (New Origami Art) in which the Yoshizawa-Randlett system of origami fold notations was established, a framework based on the Senbazuru Orikata. It is this framework that we will be using tonight to create our own origami masterpieces. Since origami’s inception, many different styles of origami have developed over time. Four of the most popular kinds of origami include: Action Origami is one of the most popular forms of Origami. These models not only cover still-life, there are also moving objects; Origami can move in clever ways. Action origami includes origami that flies, or that requires the person to move a flap that makes the model move. Action origami, first appearing with the traditional Japanese flapping bird, is a common form of origami in today’s world. Modular origami is an art form where a person puts a number of identically folding paper together that eventually forms a completed model. The individual pieces are often simple, with the true intricacy laying in the piecing together of the model. Wet-folding is an origami technique for producing models with curves, rather than simple straight folds and flat surfaces. The paper is dampened so it can be molded easily, and the the final model keeps its shape when it dries. It can be used, for instance, to produce very natural looking animal models, with the appearance of wind affected fur or very real dimples and muscle outlines in the design Pureland origami is origami with the restriction that only one fold may be done at a time. It was developed by John Smith in the 1970’s, and is one of the most recent developments in origami. In Pureland origami, the more complex folds like reverse folds are not allowed, and all folds have straightforward locations. Pureland origami was developed to help inexperienced folders, or those with limited motor skills. Origami has indeed had an interesting history. The introduction of origami has influenced many facets of Japanese culture, such as architecture and modern art, even assisting in math (geometry) but one of the most interesting things about origami is that it also helped to improve the general health of many people. Don’t believe us? Check this out. The required exactness of the folding means that origami first and foremost improves manual dexterity and motor coordination. Following the step by step instructions can be useful in helping people attain the ability to both give and receive complex instructions in an accurate manner. One of the coolest benefits of practicing origami is the visualization that it requires; to complete an origami figure, one must visualize the figure in three-dimensions, which will thus improve their geometric visualization Finally, in order to reproduce previously created figure, origami also helps develop a person’s memory skills. Pretty cool, huh? The folding: The key to origami is small, uncomplicated folds No cutting, no glue. The end result? Intricate Designs. Cool stuff. The task: To create an origami box. The Instructor? Elisa ...And this youtube clip The most famous of all origami is the Crane. Japanese legend has it that a person who folds 1000 cranes in their lifetime will be granted one wish by a Crane. It became a symbol of peace after the Second World War, particularly after the US attack on Hiroshima, in which many people died and others fell victim to the side effects. One of these victims was Sadako Sasaki. In 1955, she was diagnosed with Leukemia, a cancer of the blood. This disease became so common in Japan, that in was called the "A-bomb" disease. When the Hiroshima bomb was dropped, Sadako was living only one and a half miles from the epicenter. She was initially unharmed, but the effects appeared later. The first indication of Leukemia came after Sadako collapsed in a running race during her sixth grade year. After she had become sick, Sadako’s best friend told her that the crane, which is a sacred bird in Japan, grants a wish to someone who folds one thousand paper cranes. After hearing this, Sadako immediately began folding cranes for her one wish: to get well again. Her health gradually deteriorated and Sadako began to wish instead for world peace, that children could live safe from the effects of wars. Sadly, she did not finish. When Sadako died in October of 1955, she had folded a total of 644 cranes. Her classmates folded the remaining cranes in time for her funeral, and she was buried with them. The paper crane has become a symbol of hope to millions of people worldwide, and is almost as recognisable as the dove holding the olive branch as a symbol for peace.

This concludes our presentation tonight. We hope you enjoyed making your origami boxes, feel free to hang on to them to put things in!
A Giant King Cobra, measuring just under 150 feet, was folded in Singapore to celebrate the year of the snake. In 2003, the British Origami Society along with a man by the name of David Brill assembled the longest origami train in existence. The car was 1550 train cars long, folded by people from a number of different countries. The train came in at an incredible 254 meters, longer than the hallway this class is situated in, nearly ten times over.
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