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Transcript of Industrialism
- The colonization of foreign countries and their resources
-Extending a country's power through political or military force
-Linked to colonialism
-Nations may change cultural and religious aspects of the nations under their rule.
-Factors of productions owned by the public and operate for the welfare of all
-Socialism grew out of the optimistic view of human nature and the need for social justice
-All property is publicly owned
-Each person is paid according to their needs
Emergence of the Modern World
Effects of Renaissance Values
Humanism- Stressed the importance of humans, improved quality of life
Skepticism-Questioned the possibility of certainty in knowledge, opened new ideas for questioning
Well-roundedness- The idea that a true renaissance man would be well-rounded in every aspect of life, improved intelligence
Secularism-The interest in physical achievements, urged people to achieve more in life
Individualism- The belief that individual humans are capable of great things, people began to believe in human potential
Classicism- Following of Greek and Roman principle, opened new art form and styles and ways of writing.
The Development of the Renaissance
-The fall of Constantinople
-Reformation/ Catholic Reformation
-Writing in the Vernacular
-Realism and the use of perspective in art
-The studying of Greek and Roman texts
The Significance of Certain European Locations
Florence-Merchant class, patrons of the arts
London- Catholic reformation
Paris- Perspective art
Worms-Diet of worms
Constantinople- The salvaging of Greek and Roman texts
The renaissance had a large focus on the human quality of life. This brought about several medicinal advancements and the major study of human anatomy.
China and Japan
-Only the gov't was allowed to conduct trade
-Yongwo explored the world
-Did not industrialize
-Welcomed foreigners at first
-Aggressive Europeans wore out their welcome
-"Closed Country Policy"
Global impact of
Europe's exploration included the colonization of many places, (Central America, South America, Africa, and Asia) and the conversion to Christianity. This washed away many cultures, and even erased them from the map altogether.
-People became less religious
-Focused on the improvement of life on earth
-Absolute Monarchists ruled the state by religion
-Enlightened absolutism was adopted
-Enlightened absolutists sought out equal treatment and called themselves "servants of the state"
-Favored better by the people
-Absolute Monarchy stamped out
Democratic Ideas and Principles
Natural Rights-Universal and unalienable rights to which every human is entitled
Separation of Powers-Each branch of the government is separate and has different powers
Will of the People-The authority of the government is created by and sustained by it's people
The Greatest Good-Greatest good for the greatest number of citizens
Separation of the Church and State-Church has no influence on the government
-philosophy, science, politics, communications were radically reoriented, promoted free thinking and led commoners to start to believe what was right for themselves
-God, reason, nature, and humanity
-Reason: Using one's own reason to figure out for yourself what is right and what is wrong
-Skepticism: Not believing something is reality just because one has been told so by an authority figure,
-Religious Tolerance: freedom of religion understood as an inalienable human right
-Liberty: freedom of religion, freedom of the press, and freedom from unreasonable government
-Progress: Art and Sciences increase, led to higher education and more knowledge of the world around us
Once people began thinking for themselves and weren't afraid of personal expression they began to resent their ruler because they often would not listen to the public. The commoners would rally together to overthrow the ruler and replace them with a new one.
Nationalism developed through Europe because people had begun to choose their rulers, people that they respected. They believed that their country was the best, the greatest nation in the world. This mindset led to wars between nations trying to prove they are the best.
Anarchism-the abolition of all government and the organization of society on a voluntary, cooperative basis
Fascism- authoritarian and nationalistic right-wing system of government and social organization.
Marxism-The theories of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels
Liberalism-open to new behavior or opinions and willing to discard traditional values.
Many countries were in different areas of the political spectrum, and it frightened one another. They couldn't agree on policies, and wars broke out over political differences.
WW1 and Totalitarians
Nationalism can unify and divide by the way it brings citizens together, but forces nations apart. Nationalism instills pride in one's nation, but if EVERYONE has pride in their nation, countries may begin to fight among themselves over who is right.
Political, Economic, and Social conflicts
Political- Countries at different political standpoints often butt heads because of their beliefs.
Economic- Colonization was the best way to make money back then. Countries would fight over areas with rich resources.
Social- If leaders of different nations did not agree with one another, it could cause the countries to suddenly be at odds.
Analyze and assess WW1
New weapons were introduced during WWI, such as tanks, machine guns, and mustard gas. These were mass-produced by factories. Trench warfare was combined with bloody stalemates (War where neither side advances or retreats) thus creating a very deadly modern war.
Modern Middle East
-Ottomans and Safavids were fighting over religion and land because of their close proximity
-USA fights for the religious land the Jewish wanted
-Issued by the British Parliament to issue peace between them
-Very unstable peace
-They were fighting over Jerusalem
UN partition of Palestine
-Resolution 181 split Israel
-People didn't want to move from their homes
-Backed up by US with money and military support