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Transcript of Imperialism:Phillipines
To: The Colonized
From: The Colonists
(Riya, Claudia, Kartik, Mathujan, Shivani and Taffy)
islands were 6,000 miles away from the Pacific Coast
senators thought that annexation was a violation of American tradition
7,100 islands in the Philippines
total population of those islands was 7.5 million people
43 different ethnic groups and 87 different languages
Spanish-American war(1898)= in Philippines
stage for Philippine-American war
Filipinos were fighting for independence before, but when they proclaimed themselves as the Republic of Philippines, US & Spain recognized them as such
Spain sold Philippines to them in the treaty
Conflict emerged between US and Philippines as the U.S. announced its annexation=War
What's Going on in America?
supported U.S. actions
coaling station for U.S. ships
springboard for expansion to China
U.S. was duty-bound to educate and “christianize” the islands (Filipinos were already Catholic)
Newspapers =Filipinos as primitive “savages.”
Americans believe the islanders could not govern themselves or defend themselves against threatening European powers.
Andrew Carnegie=don't annex colonies but run the global economy
Philippines was seen as good naval base location to protect interests in China and Japan
After the Filipino-American War, the Philippines were subject to U.S economic and social interests while in the process of receiving a greater autonomy.
1902: Philippine Assembly established
1907: Election held, legislature formed. First American teachers, engineers and missionaries were introduced
1913: Free trade with US
1916: Limited self-government established
1934: A U.S Act assured independence within 10 years. Manuel Quezon and Sergio Osmena were elected president of the Philippine Commonwealth.
Government type and changes in government
-July 1901: Civil Government was established under William Howard Taft
-In 1907, Philippine Commission became the upper house of a bicameral body.
-New 80 member assembly made it first elective legislative body in Southeast Asia
-In 1913 Gov. Francis B. Harrison appointed a Philpine majority to the commison,and thus reduced American influence in the legislative process
- House prevented many measures to grant Philppine independance.
- Jones Act eventually was passed and abolished the commission which was replaced by a 24 member senate.
American Politics and Filipino response
Americans were successful in introducing ideas of self-government to the Philippines and Filipino political leaders used these ideas to their advantage
The first US supported Political Party was formed (the Federal Party)
The Nacionalista Party ran aganist them in the first election and they won (advocated independance)
Federal Party became the Progressives the the Democrats after their new platform failed again.
Nacionalista Party dominated Philippine politics from 1907 until independance.
Some union leaders argued that it would only feed the power of big business.
America sought to expand foreign markets.
The reason for citizens of imperial nations to explore was in reality unknown. Sometimes it was for the purpose of scientific or medical research. Other times it was for the sense of adventure. Imperial explorers wanted to discover, map, and claim teritory before their competition did, partly because of the glory and partly to serve the goal of expansion.
The U.S paid $20 million to Spain
The Philippines became a market for American manufactured products, in exchange the U.S would import raw materials: sugar, hemp, coconuts.
The U.S would sell goods to the Philippines so they were a source of income essentially
Philippines had high exports of fruit and natural resources
Spain had previously introduced Catholicism
Around 1900, President McKinley's decision on Pacific Islands was to take them all, educate the Filipinos and civilize and Christianize them
Implied as very will of god-- beyond political
US wanted to Christianize properly
To most Americans, Filipinos weren't even Cathloic, they were pagans
Duty of America to teach Filipinos proper religion, educate them accordingly, instruct them how to farm, etc.
Assimilate the Filipinos to Western Ways
Americans were "racially superior" and it was their job
During Spanish Colonization, Filipino people were forced to convert to Roman Catholicism
In 1900-1946, many protestant missionaries came to Philippines to purify what they viewed as incorrect
Changed back to Roman Catholicism after independence in 1946
As the US began to prevail over the Philippines, the majority of the Us thought they were fulfilling their duty in taking over the chain of islands.
Those who were for the expansion, were the same people who thought it was America's duty to educate and Christianize the islands. It was an ignorant statement, in blunt terms, because the majority of the Filipinos were already Catholic. Newspapers attacked the Flipinos as Savages and couldn't govern or defend themselves against European powers.
I thought it would be a great thing to give a whole lot of freedom to Filipinos, but I guess now that it's better to let them give it to themselves - Mark Twain
Those people's whose ideals didn't coincide with the expansion, held meetings, wrote editorials and sent petitions to Congress. They opposed this overseas empire because it would only feed and help businesses proliferate.
The expansion into the Phillipenes was so severe, many people differed in opinions. Industrialist Andrew Carnegie, who eventually became a philanthropist, even opposed the war. He believed the US should exercise gl0bal economic power but avoid annexing colonies.
- The Philippines are a group of islands of over 7,000 islands off the coast of Asia.
- Over all, however, the area of all the islands put together is about the size of Arizona.
The original inhabitants arrived from Asia's mainland in about 25,000 BC.
They were followed by Indonesian and Malayan settlers from 3000 BC. By the 14th Century, tade with India, Indonesia, China, and Japan was conducted.
Ferdinand Megellan explored the Philippines in 1521. Spain retained possesion of the Islands for the next 350 years.
The Philippines were ceceded to the United States after the Treaty of Paris was signed at the completion of the Spanish- American War in 1899.
Because the Islands are right off the Coast of Asia, the United States was able to trade with China and Japan.
The Manila - Acapulco Transpacific Trade Route
Spain's exporation and colonization led to the development of the Trade Route between Asia and America for about three centuries. By the 20th Century the United States had control of colonial territories in Asia and the Pacific Islands.