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The Protestant Reformation

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Gideon Burton

on 2 May 2016

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Transcript of The Protestant Reformation

The Reformation &
dr. gideon o. burton
brigham young university
preparing the way
14th century
15th century
16th century
John Wyclife, “Lollards”
Lorenzo Valla / philology
Erasmus of Rotterdam
humanism / new Latin Bible (1516)
Gutenberg / printing
Martin Luther
Hierarchical Structure and Offices
Monasteries and Convents
Political Institution
Corrupt Priests
Superstition
Sale of Indulgences
Rituals
Celibacy of Priests
Criticisms of
Catholic Church
Catholic Sacraments
baptism
confirmation
confession
ordination
marriage
extreme unction
Eucharist
Protestant Tenets
"sola fide"
"sola scriptura"
printing
"How many printing presses there be in the world," wrote the Protestant polemicist John Foxe, "so many blockhouses there be against the high castle" of the Pope in Rome, "so that either the pope must abolish knowledge and printing or printing at length will root him out."
humanism
"Ohne Humanismus keine Reformation" (without Humanism no Reformation)
I am persuaded, that without knowledge of literature pure theology cannot at all endure, just as heretofore, when letters have declined and lain prostrate, theology, too, has wretchedly fallen and lain prostrate; nay, I see that there has never been a great revelation of the Word of God unless He has first prepared the way by the rise and prosperity of languages and letters, as though they were John the Baptists. Certainly it is my desire that there shall be as many poets and rhetoricians as possible, because I see that by these studies, as by no other means, people are wonderfully fitted for the grasping of sacred truth and for handling it skillfully and happily. Therefore I beg of you to urge your young people to be diligent in the study of poetry and rhetoric. --Martin Luther
[the printing press is] "God's highest and extremest act of grace, whereby the business of the gospel is driven forward" --Martin Luther
Reform Movement, 1382-1430
Lollard Bible, 1390
(English trans.)
Lay preachers
Equality
Inner spiritual life
Anti-clerical
William Tyndale
English Bible
Translation (1525)
Faith and Grace
“If God spare my life, ere many years I will cause a boy that driveth the plow to know more of the Scriptures than thou dost”
from Foxe's Book of Martyrs
Jesus washes the feet
of his disciples.
The Pope makes others kiss his feet.
A crown of thorns is prepared for Christ.
The Pope wears three crowns of gold.
Martin Luther's
"Passion of Christ and Anti-Christ
Martin Luther's
"Passion of Christ and Anti-Christ
"For the just shall live by faith" -- Romans 1:17
Popular Piety
Thomas à Kempis
(1380–1471)
Imitatio Christi
Catholic
Protestant
Anglican
Puritan
Henry VIII
(1509-47)
Edward VI
(1547-53)
Mary
1553-58
Elizabeth
1558-1603
strong
central
authority
no
central
authority
Religious continuum - 16th C. Britain
ornate
visual
theatrical
interactive
public
elite / educated
religion and Art
Protestant
Catholic
plain
textual
private
democratic
devotional poetry
hymns
paintings
stained glass
sculpture
pageantry
diary / meditations
Full transcript