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LCS Our American Symbols

2nd Grade American Symbols

Amy O'Neal

on 13 March 2015

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Transcript of LCS Our American Symbols

The American Flag :
Symbol: something that stands for or represents something else.

Our Country is called "The United States" or USA for short. We have many symbols that represent our country. Over the next few days and weeks we will be discussing our country, important events, and famous Americans. Watch the Brain Pop Jr. video on symbols. --------->
The Bald Eagle:
Eagle - a large bird of prey that often nests on mountains or near water.
The Statue of Liberty:
Statue - a model of a person or an animal made from metal, stone, wood, or any solid material.
Lady Justice:
Justice - to have fair treatment of others or a system of laws and judgment in a country.
Our American Symbols
The Liberty Bell:
The American Flag:
The Bald Eagle:
How many red and white stripes are on the flag? Do you know? What do they represent?

How many stars are on the flag? What do they represent?

The flag has 13 red and white stripes on the flag. The stripes represent the 13 British colonies that declared independence from England. The 50 stars represent the 50 states of the USA.

The flag has quite a few nicknames. Do you have a nickname? Some of the nicknames are "Stars and Stripes", "Old Glory", and "The Star-Spangled Banner."

You may have seen a flag with gold fringe on it. Well, those types of flags are never flown and are only used in a ceremonial display such as a parade or on an indoor stand. It is used to enhance the beauty of the flag.

The flag is protected as a freedom of speech symbol by people all over the world. It is flown all year at most public buildings. You will see lots of flags around holidays like Memorial Day, Veterans Day, Presidents' Day, Flag Day, and Independence Day. On Memorial Day, you will see small flags by war memorials and next to graves of Soldiers. Sometimes, you may even see the flag half way up the pole. This is a symbol of remembering those soldiers who lost their lives fighting in war.

Did you know there are rules about the flag? The flag should never be lowered or dipped to any person or thing,. One flag bearer did not dip his flag at the 1908 Olympics to King Edward VII when all the other countries teams did. The team captain Martin Sheridan said, "This flag dips to no earthly king." The flag should also never touch the ground and if you fly it at night, you must shine a light on it. If a flag is worn out, it must be replaced. If a flag is so torn it can no longer serve, it should be burned in a respected way. The flag cannot be printed on something that will be thrown away like napkins, paper plates, boxes, etc. The flag should also never be worn as clothing. (Sometimes people ignore this rule).
Do you know the state bird of Louisiana is the Brown Pelican? Maybe you've seen one before. The United States has a National bird and it's called the Bald Eagle.

The Bald Eagle's native habitat in on the eastern coast of the United States and into Canada. Although their name suggest otherwise, Bald Eagles are not bald. Girl Bald Eagles are larger than boy Bald Eagles. They eat mostly fish, swooping down to the water and catching them with their powerful talons. They can live for about 20 years. They build very large nests, sometimes weighing as much as a ton! The Bald Eagle was added to the list of endangered animals in 1967.
<--Along with the video, draw your own Bald Eagle in your Science notebook. Once you are finished, write at least 3 facts about them.

Notebook: Do you like the Bald Eagle? Why or why not?
Facts Video:
The Statue of Liberty
The Statue of Liberty is located on Liberty Island, in the New York harbor, USA. She represents the American Declaration of Independence from England. She is the Roman goddess of freedom, Libertas. It was designed by Édouard René de Laboulaye a french law professor and politician.

The Statue of Liberty was a gift from the people of France and was put together on a stand or pedestal. It was constructed in France and sent to the US in large crates or boxes.

They dedicated the statue on October 28th, 1886 in New York. You may have noticed the statue holding a few items. Do you know what they are?

She holds a torch and a tablet. The tablet has the date of the American Declaration of Independence on it, July 4, 1776. A broken chain also lies at the feet of the statue which is hard to see from the ground. The chain represents oppression and tyranny. Oppression means to treat people in a cruel, unjust, and hard way. Tyranny means someone who rules other people in a cruel or unjust way. The official name of the statue is "Liberty Enlightening the World." The crown she wears has 7 points and they represent the seven continents around the world. She looks out over the harbor to greet and welcome immigrants to our country.

How tall and heavy do you think the statue is? She stands 151 feet tall. With her torch she reaches 305 feet. She weighs up to 450,000 pounds which is 225 tons.

Ceremonial Flag
13 Colonies
Flag at night:
Captain Martin Sheridan:
King Edward VII:
Louisiana State Bird:
Brown Pelican
The Bald Eagle:
Facts Video:
Facts video:
Liberty Island:
Édouard René de Laboulaye
Lady Justice:
The Statue of Liberty
a poem for kids

The Statue of Liberty is
150 feet tall.
She stands in New York harbour and
She gives out hope to all.

She is the goddess Libertas.
She wears a long and flowing gown;
Her right hand holds a torch up high
And on her head, a crown.

The statue was given to us
By all the good people of France
To mark 100 years since we
Declared our independence.

She's over a hundred years old,
She's really a golden oldie,
Made from copper and steel by a
Sculptor named Bartholdi.

Bartholdi had drawn up his plans -
Copper sheets on a frame of steel.
The newspapers ran a campaign
To make his dreams turn real.

Building the huge skeletal frame
Turned out to be no mere trifle.
They needed help from the engineer
Alexandre Eiffel.

350 pieces
Were packed in hundreds of crates,
The statue was shipped all they way
To the United States.

She was built on Liberty Island
And she stands there still to this day.
She represents friendship, freedom,
And the American way.

Lady Justice is a statue that represents our laws and government. When someone gets into trouble, they are given a ticket or taken to jail. They will have to appear before a judge and he will give them a penalty. Sometimes the penalty is to pay money or to even go to jail. The judge tries to determine who is right and who broke the law. Our court system is based on Roman government.

Lady Justice wears a blindfold, holds a pair of scales, stands on a book of the law, has a serpent around one ankle, and carries a sword. Each of these items represents something in our government. The blindfold represents that our justice cannot be influenced by anyone. The scales represents each side of a problem and weighing them against the law. The sword represents the power of the justice system in making a fair decision for every case. The book of the law, represents the standing on the laws of our country. The serpent stands for being careful to tread lightly when making decisions and judgement.
Lady Justice:
Horrid Henry on Trial:
The Liberty Bell:
Bell - an instrument that makes a ringing sound.
Read Aloud: The Story of the Statue of Liberty
The liberty Bell is a huge bronze bell that symbolizes freedom in the United States. This historic bell is located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA. The original bell was made in London, England in 1752. The bells home was located in Independence Hall in Philadelphia.

The bell has a large crack in it. The first crack appeared during a test ring. After cracking, the bell was recast twice in Philadelphia by John Pass and John Stow. The old bell was broken up and melted down, more copper was added to the metal to make it less brittle.

The restored bell was probably first rung for the public on July 8th, 1776 at the first public reading of the Declaration of Independence. This was a piece of paper that said we are no longer a part of England. It rang to announce many important events in early American history, including Presidential elections and deaths.

The bell cracked again on July 8, 1835 while ringing for the funeral of John Marshall, the fourth Chief Justice of the Supreme court and one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence. The crack is 24.5 inches long and 1/2 inch wide and it weighs 2,080 pounds, just over a ton.

Across the top of the bell it says, Leviticus 25:10, "Proclaim liberty throughout all the land unto all the inhabitants there of." Under the verse it reads, "By order of the assembly of the province of Pennsylvania for the state house in Philadelphia."

The bell was originally called the" State House Bell" or the "Province Bell." The bell was first called the Liberty Bell around 1839 by abolitionists newspapers.

*Watch the video below then complete the Liberty Bell craft activity. (Picture is example).
Facts video:
Craft Activity:
Full transcript