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Instructional Strategies in Kindergarten

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Lindsey Hartle

on 29 August 2014

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Transcript of Instructional Strategies in Kindergarten

Instructional Strategies in Kindergarten
Differentiated Instruction
Reading Rockets defines differentiated instruction: "Differentiation means tailoring instruction to meet individual needs. Whether teachers differentiate content, process, products, or the learning environment, the use of ongoing assessment and flexible grouping makes this a successful approach to instruction." This teaching strategy is EXTREMELY beneficial to students! This gives teachers the opportunity to individualize instruction for the various learning styles present within a classroom. This give teachers the chance to maximize student learning in their classroom. One way to also differentiate instruction is to implement choice boards into your classroom. The goal of a choice board is to give students a say in what their assignments are. All the assignments on the choice board revolve around the same objective, but the students are choosing how they go about learning the objective.
Advantages and Challenges of Differentiated Instruction
Advantages:
Student learning is maximized due to individualized instruction within the classroom.
Teachers are given the opportunity to work directly with their students in a more personalized way.
Material is presented in several different ways which increases the chance that each student will be successful.
You can also differentiate by student interests which will increase student motivation and involvement.
Challenges:
It is time consuming to differentiate a lesson, because essentially you are preparing multiple lessons on the same material.
Depending on the activity or activities, differentiating a unit can be expensive.
Many people are not familiar with what differentiation really is, so they are afraid to use the strategy.
Choice boards are an example of differentiation.
Cooperative learning at its finest.
I Have Who Has is another example of a cooperative learning activity.
Instructional Strategies:
Cooperative Learning
Differentiated Instruction

Cooperative Learning
Students modeling the Kagan cooperative learning strategy: Quiz Quiz Trade
Resources
Fredericks, A. (2005). What is cooperative learning and what does it do? In The complete idiot's guide to success as a teacher. New York. New York: Penguin Group.

Tomlinson, C. (2000, August 1). What is differentiated instruction? Retrieved August 28, 2014, from http://www.readingrockets.org/article/what-differentiated-instruction

Thank you viewing!
By: Lindsey Hartle
August 29, 2014
How to Differentiate Instruction using Technology
Technology makes differentiating instruction much easier for teachers. Some apps on the iPad even allow you to assign certain assignments to individual students so each student is working on an assignment that is either on their level, or designed specially for their interests. An example of an app that does exactly this is Scholastic's Storia app. This app allows you to assign different eBooks to each student in your class. Say you have a child that is interested in dinosaurs, you could assign this child a reading about dinosaurs. There is also a website that allows you to choose the reading level of an article. When you click on an article to read, you can choose an option that suites the reading level of the individual reading the article. So if you assign the same article to your whole class, each student will be reading about the same topic, but the reading levels can vary throughout the classroom. This website is called Newsela.com. This would also be a great way to teach your students about current events, while practicing their reading skills.
Cooperative Learning using Technology
Technology can be used to enhance cooperative learning groups in many ways. For example, when a group is working together to discover new information, this information can be presented to peers using a variety of Web 2.0 tools such as Voice Thread and Slide Share. These tools allow students to publish their work and make it available to their peers and even their families. Students could use the iPad app Movie FX to create their own video broadcast about a topic. This app even has a green screen feature to project background images. For example, if the students are researching dinosaurs they could make their background a scene from Jurassic Park and it would appear the students were actually there! Talk about student ENGAGEMENT!!
"Cooperative learning is a successful teaching strategy in which small teams, each with students of different ability levels, use a variety of learning activities to improve their understanding of a subject." (Fredericks 2005)
Advantages:
Improves students' social skills while also learning academics
Gives an opportunity to differentiate instruction
Gives teacher a chance to meet with students' individually
Challenges:
As with many things in kindergarten, it takes time to model and go over new activities and procedures.
There is also a concern of keeping students on task during the activity.
Instructional Strategy #1:
Instructional Strategy #2:
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