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Classical Music Period: 1750-1820

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Annie Edwards

on 16 October 2014

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Transcript of Classical Music Period: 1750-1820

Annie Edwards

Jai Jencks

Brandon Keller

Tyler Englehart

Personal Facts
* He wrote over 340 hours worth of instrumental sonatas, string quartets, and symphonies.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Born: January 27, 1756 in
Salzburg, Austria
Personal Facts
Ludwig Van Beethoven
Born: December 16, 1770
in Bonn, Germany
Franz Joseph Haydn
Born: March 31, 1732 in Rohrau, Austria
Classical Music Period: 1750-1820
Died: May 31, 1809 in Vienna, Austria
*Haydn was a choirboy in St. Stephen's Cathedral in Vienna when he was eight.
*He worked as a personal composer and performer for the Esterhazy family for 30 years.
The Esterhazy Estate
Symphony no. 94 - The "Surprise" Symphony
Died: December 5, 1791
in Vienna, Austria
*Mozart's first ever performance was at the age of five at the Salzburg University.
*He wrote his first opera,
Apollo et Hyacinthus
, in 1766 at the age of ten.
*In 1784, he became a member of the Freemasons.
*He died from a fever of unknown origins in 1791. He was only thirty-five years old.
Apollo et Hyacinthus
Don Giovanni
Died: March 26, 1827 in
Vienna, Austria
Personal Facts
*Beethoven played viola in several orchestras.
*In 1792, he moved to Vienna to study music under Franz Joseph Haydn.
*Around the year 1800, he started to lose his hearing, but he continued to write music.
*written after he started to go deaf
Symphony no. 5 - "Beethoven's 5th"
Literary Authors and Major Composers
of the Classical Period
Culture and Major Events
Society, Government and Economics
The Arts and Sciences
"I am in the world only for the purpose of composing. What I feel in my heart, I give to the world."
Symphony no. 3, "Eroica"
-Franz Schubert
The Star-Spangled Banner was written after the War of 1812 by Frances Scott Key in 1814 following the British attack in Chesapeake Bay
Richard Sheridan
- Playwrite
*The Rivals
*The Scheming
*a comedic opera:
The Duenna
Samuel Johnson
*The Prince of Asbassinia
Adventurer and Idler
Frances Burney
A Picture of Youth
The History of a Young Lady's Entrance into the World
Literary Authors
*Haydn: http://www.allmusic.com/artist/franz-joseph-haydn-mn0000168380/biography
Artist Biography
by Rovi Staff; accessed Sep. 25, 2014
*Mozart: http://www.allmusic.com/artist/wolfgang-amadeus-mozart-mn0000026350/biography
Artist Biography
by Robert Cummings; accessed Sep. 25, 2014
*Beethoven: http://www.allmusic.com/artist/ludwig-van-beethoven-mn0000536126/biography
Artist Biography
by Rovi Staff; accessed Sep. 25, 2014
Music: An Appreciation, Brief Edition - Kamien, 8e The Classical Period
Forney, Kristine and Joseph Machlis.
Study Guide for the Enjoyment of Music, Ninth Edition
. New York: W. W. Norton, 2003. Print.
Sir Joshua Reynolds
Born: July 1723
Died: February 1792
Sir Joshua Reynolds was a leading portrait painter of London society. He frequently painted aristocratic ladies in a gracious and refined manner. He was also the first president of the Royal Academy of London.
Sir Joshua Reynolds
Lady Elizabeth Delme and Her Children
Madame Elizabeth Louise Vigee-lebrun
Born: April 1755
Died: March 1842
Madame Lebrun was a child prodigy. She supported her family by painting from the age of 15. Her art was popular among the aristocracy, including Marie Antoinette. She fled France to escape the Reign of Terror. She published three volumes of memoirs which became a great insight into the era.
The Artist and her Daughter
Madame Lebrun
Benjamin Franklin
Born: January 1706
Died: April 1790
He discovers electricity in 1751.
*The Industrial Revolution begins in 1760
James Hargreaves
He invented the Spinning Jenny in 1764
Born: 1720
Died: 1778
Henry Cavendish
Born: October 1731
Died: February 1810
He discovered Hydrogen in 1766
James Watt
Born: January 1736
Died: August 1825
He invented the steam engine in 1769
George Stephenson
Born: June 1781
Died: August 1848
He invented railways in 1769
Joseph Priestly
He discovered Oxygen in 1774
Born: March 1733
Died: February 1804
Alessandro Volta
Born: February 1745
Died: March 1827
He invented the electric battery in 1775
*Uranus is discovered in 1781
John Fitch
Born: January 1743
Died: July 1798
He invented the steamboat in 1788
Eli Whitney
Born: December 1765
Died: January 1825
He invented the cotton gin in 1794
Edward Jenner
Born: May 1749
Died: January 1823
He created the first vaccine in 1796
The Classical Period is also known as The Age of Enlightenment
*French Revolution
*American Revolution
*Declaration of Independence
*Bill of Rights
*Louisiana Purchase
*The War of 1812
During this time, the middle class rose to power. They gained the ability to earn enough money to live comfortably and because of this extra income, they were able to buy tickets to see concerts.
There were two main types of Classical Period architecture:
* Art during the Classical Period was influenced by the continued developments in science, philosophy, history, and literature as well as Christianity.
*Art was going through a neo-classical (new classical) period where artists used more exaggerated techniques of previous periods.
*In the 1600's, art was concerned with reality, but in the 1700's, art was influenced more by the mind.
*France was a very important center for European art in the 1700's.
World Events
*The American and French Revolutions
*The War of 1812
*Napoleon Conquers Europe
*The Rise of the Middle Class
These events influenced the elegance of classical music and changed the outlook people had on music.
The middle class rose. Music was not only played in the church and court, but now it was played for the enjoyment of the people. Public concerts came to be and the upper classes were not the only ones allowed to enjoy it.
The Whig Party was a political party of the United States during the era of Jacksonian democracy. Considered integral to the Second Party System and operating from the early 1830s to the mid-1850s. The party was formed in opposition to the policies of President Andrew Jackson and his Democratic Party. In particular, the Whigs supported the supremacy of Congress over the presidency and favored a Program of modernization and economic protectionism.
Republican- advocating a republic as a form of government
Mozart's Requiem
An Autograph Copy of Haydn's Score:
An Autograph Copy of Mozart's Score:
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