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Sculpture

Introduction to sculpture & description of assignments
by

Ashley Bailey

on 3 April 2014

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Transcript of Sculpture

Kinetic
Sculpture
Relief sculpture
Sculpture that is not freestanding but projects from a background surface.
Casting involves filling a mold with a material that will harden and reproduce the volume and surface detail of the mold.
For example, you could press your hand into sand to create a mold then fill the mold with plaster to make a cast.
You can use many materials to make a cast, such as plaster, concrete, etc.
Modeling
Construction and assemblage
Constructions are not only sculptures built from traditional materials. They are also those made with available modern industrial technology, for example welding.
Assemblages are sculptures constructed from a variety of ready-made parts and materials. Sometimes known as "junk" sculptures.
Can be defined by sculpture that moves.
Kinetic sculptures move by an internal mechanism or outside physical force such as water or wind.
Other kinetic sculptures are motorized or use electricity to move.
Monuments
Fibre Art is defined by the use of textiles. Methods such as weaving and knitting are traditional methods of construction.
Contemporary art uses other alternative methods, using fibers and paper to create three dimensional works.
Types
of Sculpture

Sculpture methods
Form : shape in three dimensions that has mass.
Mass : solid body of an object.
Can be made from clay, metal, textiles, wood, found materials, etc.
Meant to be seen from all sides.
Two main types : additive and subtractive.
Picasso Inspired Soft Sculpture
Born October 25, 1881, Malaga, Spain, Pablo Picasso, became one of the greatest and most influential artists of the 20th century and the creator (with Georges Braque) of Cubism. A Spanish expatriate painter, sculptor, printmaker, ceramicist, and stage designer, Picasso was considered radical in his work. After a long prolific career, he died April 8, 1973 in Mougins, France.
Themes help students integrate their understanding by:
Fibre Art and Soft Sculpture
Casting
Modeling is a method that produces sculpture from a pliable material like clay, paper mache, wax or plaster.
These types of materials will dry and harden. For example, clay can be formed into a shape and fired in a hot oven called a kiln.
Art Theme: Art is a way to express who we are.
Biography
What is a theme?
Why is it important
in Art?
Picasso-inspired soft sculptures
Pablo Picasso
In Cubist artwork, objects are analyzed, broken up and reassembled in an abstracted form—instead of depicting objects from one viewpoint, the artist depicts the subject from a multitude of viewpoints to represent the subject in a greater context.
Cubism
Installations
Sculpture created for a specific site. Often incorporates materials, physical features, or social concepts of the site. Sculptural forms that are environmental are made primarily or earth, rocks, and plants.
2 different types : indoor installations and outdoor installations.
Sculpture devoted to exalt something or as a memorial.
A hanging or suspended sculpture.
Mobile
Public Display
Sculpture intended for the public to view.
Additive vs. Subtractive
Additive : where you add things to a form.
Subtractive : where you subtract mass from a form.
 
In this project, we have the chance to produce reinterpretations of the works of Picasso! The simplified forms of Cubism lend themselves beautifully to soft sculpture reproductions. By looking through the vast array of figurative paintings done by Picasso during his Cubist phase, we find many possibilities for soft sculpture adaptations. Fine art, sculpture and textiles combine to make an eye-catching piece.
Images of Me Sculpture
connecting ideas in art with events and situations in their own lives
connecting learning about art with learning through art making
connecting artworks from very different cultures and eras
connecting ideas in art with ideas in other areas of study
Artworks often express the personal and cultural identities of those who make them. Through our activities, including the act of creating artworks, we can help to determine and shape who we are as individuals and as members of society.
General Theme: We are all transforming ourselves throughout our lives.
Who am I? How do others see me? Who do I want to become? Who can I imagine myself to be? Some characteristics of who we are, we share with people throughout the world, for example, girl, boy, man, woman, daughter, son, parent, uncle, niece, granddaughter, young, or old. We draw other characteristics of who we are from our culture, for example, Chicana/o, African American, French Canadian, Navajo, Amish, or Cambodian American. Still other characteristics we draw from the roles we play, for example, basketball player, movie buff, skateboarder, Internet cruiser, political activist, religious leader or disciple, teacher, student, or friend. Other aspects of our identity are personal or based on our individual lives or dreams for the future. We can transform our identities as we move from one life situation to another, and as we choose directions for our lives.
Examples
A. We define ourselves through the roles we play.
B. We define ourselves through cultural traditions.
C. We define ourselves through our beliefs about life and death.
D. We define ourselves through the people we love.
"La Pelona"
by Ester Hernández
Date: 1980
Size: 4" x 6"
Medium: Mixed Media Collection of the Artist
"Southwest Pieta"
by Luis Jiménez
"Hyper Activity: Scenes From An Other Reality"
by John Rainey
Date: 2013
Size: Various
Medium: Porclain
Marsden Woo Gallery in London, England
Date: 1994 (First cast made in 1987)
Size: 10' x 10' x 6'
Medium: Fiberglass
Arizona State University
"Bundle Houses"
by Nyugen Smith
Date: 2008
Size: Various
Medium: Mixed Media/Found Materials Collection of the Artist
Construction
Freestanding
Relief and wall-mounted
Suspended
Shadowbox
Larger than Life
Cardboard Sculptures
Recycled Art
What is recycled art?
It is simply taking garbage, junk or items that were or would be allocated to the junk yard/land fills and transforming it, or parts into something original, often functional with the primary purpose of making the item aesthetically pleasing from the artists viewpoint.
What is sculpture?
Any way of creating three dimensional forms from any available materials.
MORE IMPORTANT INFORMATION!
“Dirty White Trash (with Gulls)”
by TIM NOBLE AND SUE WEBSTER
JANE PERKINS
...the pile of trash is made from the remains of everything the artists needed to survive for the six months it took them to complete the sculpture.
Jane’s most famous creations are her celebrity portraits and her recreations of master artists' famous artworks, both of which often cost upwards of $3000. To create these masterpieces, Perkins starts out with a large photo of the person or artwork she will be depicting, and then she starts attaching appropriately colored objects to the image.
MICHELLE READER
made from one month of household waste from the family. “The materials not only highlight a need to address the amount of waste each of us produces, but also tells the story of each individual through the things they discard—a child’s drawings, a shopping list, a birthday card,” she says.
WIM DELVOYE
The artist uses no mechanical devices during the reworking process to make his masterpieces, and tough car and tractor tires take a very long time to manually carve and sculpt.
YUKEN TERUYA
this Japanese artist's “Corner Forest” series reminds us all that these simple cardboard tubes were once part of a majestic forest—forests that could be wiped out if we continue our use-once-and-destroy culture.
Examples
How to create
with cardboard
Four broad identity themes:
Ester Hernández has said that La Pelona is a kind of self-portrait showing how she'd like to look in death. This mixed media work functions in accordance with other Chicano and Mexican-American art addressing the presence and acceptance of death by the community.
"New Mexico Hispanics have an identity problem, and are in fact a divided community, Jiménez says. Some call themselves pure Spanish land-grant settlers, and the others align themselves with an Indo-European culture that evolved since the Conquest. The distinction is based on the amount of Western European blood that runs through the veins, a vestige of the caste system that continues to infest American society. It is in effect a tool to distance one's self from the life of another. To close one's ears to the howl. 'To proclaim a kind of ethnic purity flies in the face of reality. We all got mixed up a long time ago,' Jiménez contends.
In Hyper Activity: Scenes From An Other Reality, artist John Rainey presents porcelain sculptures that pose a question to all of us living between the physical and digital in our everyday being. His process follows a similar path as he begins with a photographic image, transforms it to create a virtual model, then 3D-prints prototypes to ultimately be cast in porcelain. Rainey's vision focuses on the multiple identities that people seem to create in the digital world we engage in, with online social media and other forms of interaction. As we increasingly live amongst these many senses of self, the artist presents "sculptural hyperbodies and prosthetic others" that represent the growing ambiguity of what exists as our true self. His sculptures speak of the mutable aspects of constructing multiple notions of self-identity, and of the human position in the midst of realities.
"Smith was raised in the former British colony of Tunapuna, Trinidad, a place that still has British traditions infused into their Native Culture. Much of his work addresses the multitude of cultural influence that he experienced, the struggle with identity that the locals felt, and his own influences from identifying with the West Indies, Africa, and even the British oppressors — not to mention his current home of New Jersey!

His assemblages, appropriately configured into the shape of the continents, are cobbled from found objects. Forming them in a shape of each region, Smith shows us literally the melting pot that makes up the world — directly relational to his Trinidad upbringing. Using junk that he finds on the street or from friends, Smith creates pieces that take on a narrative that brings the object’s history (or made up history) to the entire piece.

Toys, spools of thread, scrap metal, cardboard tubes and discarded brushes make up the continents (and a separate piece of his home state of New Jersey). He also uses found textiles and belts to create sculptures of soldiers, chickens and other characters. Each piece of trash is given new life in his installations.

Smith also constructs what he calls “Bundle Houses,” a series of shanty like sculptures made from found objects from the streets. The Bundle Houses evoke our city’s homeless, but Smith asks with them, “What if this is what we were left with?” And in a post-Apocalyptic sort of theory, we could be left with the junk we find on the street. Nyugen Smith’s sculptures force us to consider what might happen, while bringing the question of identity up for consideration."
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