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The Value Of Literature
Transcript of The Value Of Literature
What is the Value of Literature?
Perceptions and understanding
Perceptions and Understanding
Three Day Road
The spirit I have seen may be the devil and the devil hath power / t’assume a pleasing shape; yeah, and perhaps / out of my weakness and melancholy / as he is very potent with such spirits— / abuses me to damn me. I’ll have grounds / more relative than this. The play’s the thing / wherein I’ll catch the conscience of the king (2.2.600-607).
These words of warning are what created the struggle for Hamlet to perceive the intent of this figure.
of what he knows it that Ghosts are objects of negativity.
“Look with what courteous action it wafts you to a more removed ground/ But do not go with it” (1.4.42-43). “What if it tempt you toward the flood my lord / or to the dreadful summit of the cliff / That beetles o’er his base into the sea” (1.4.50-52).
“Be thy intents wicked or charitable, / Thou com’st in such a questionable shape / That I will speak to thee” (1.4.24-26).
However the "Questionable shape" built upon his understanding,
(What he knows)
that to further understand the intent, he would have to test the facts which the ghost insinuated
We can compare the actions in William Shakespeare's Hamlet to the Perception Pyramid
To better understand the misguided perceptions, Hamlet constructs a test
(What he does)
to further his own understanding instead of that of others.
From these actions, we develop
how others perceive
Hamlet, from the bottom of the pyramid upwards. However in Three Day Road, we will see
how others perception
effect what the characters does. From this, we can see the level of power it has on the characters, plot and reader, when approached in a different direction.
We’d grown up on stories of the windigo that our parents fed us over winter fires, of people who eat other people’s flesh and grow into wild beasts twenty feet tall whose hunger can be satisfied only by more human flesh and then the hunger turns worse. (Boyden,36)
Niska grows up thinking watching the acts of cannibalism, perceiving others as in the right.
I had the power and watched it slowly recede. I am the second to last in a long line of windigo killers. There is still one more. (38)
Because of her exposure to these acts, and not to others, it allowed Niska to believe that this was okay. Creating
how she was perceived
to the White Society.
My father was led away with his big hands bound behind him as our women wailed for the future. (Boyden, 37)
From this, Niska's perception dismissed the white cultures opinion on the actions her father committed.
(what they do)
He took my hand and led me toward the church. When I realized he wanted to take me inside, I struggled against him.“Mo-na,” I said. “Don’t take me in there.” (Boyden 109)
Niska is forcefully pulled into a church against her will by a french-man, knowing the influence in white society, her defense is shown in her struggle.
(what she says)
His lean body pushed against me. I could feel his hardness. I did not answer him but kissed him
back instead. “You want me for you?” I asked as best I could in his tongue. He smiled and nodded.
“Here is the place?” I asked, looking at him. He smiled and nodded again. I kissed him. “Us?” I
Her perception of this man gradually turned positive by the words he spoke.
(How she thinks)
Develops understanding and perspective
Aids in transportation of information
Expands intellectual imagery and symbolism
Develops Perspective and Understanding
Transportation of Information
Three Day Road
The transportation of information in Hamlet is told surrounding its theme of tragedy.
Ghost of Hamlet
Claudius marries Gertrude
King Hamlet Dies
Hamlet kills Polonius
Play within a play
Hamlet to England
Plot to kill Hamlet
Fortinbras takes Denmark
Three Day Road
Letter from Records
Old Translator Friend
Trying to save Xavier
Medication runs out
Loss of hope
Note the value in how a story is told, or transported, to the reader.
Compare the two forms and note the difference.
Three day road is told in form of a
Hamlet fixates on the inevitably of disintegration of death
“get you to my lady’s chamber, and tell her, let her paint an inch thick, to this favor she must come”—no one can avoid death (V.i.178–179). He
Here hung those lips that I have kissed I know not how oft,” (V.i.174–175).
Normally we did our butchering outside, but the bear was our brother, and so he was invited in. (Boyden, 32)
Nothing was rushed. Nothing was to be wasted for fear of angering him. (Boyden, 32)
Intellectual imagery expands when the symbolism of objects/motifs are investigated. Here, in Three Day Road, we can examine a symbol briefly mentioned.
Many tribes believed that when bears went into hibernation, their spirits could come to protect and oversea their tribes. Disturbing or dishonoring the bear resulted in bad luck and no protection.
"You soon realize that there's a difference between the world your living in and the world you want to live in"
The importance of Perception and understanding is the connection of what we are being told to what we can physically see. Whether what we see is subconscious or physical, Looking at different angles from how we are perceived effects what we do and to what we do affects our perception.
"The motive for metaphor, is a desire to associate, and finally to identify, the human mind with what goes on outside it, because the only genuine joy you can have is in those rare moments when you feel that although we may know in part, we are are also a part of what we know "(Stevens,)
"Dont trust the novelist ; trust his story.
- D.H. Lawrence
"the absence of any clear line of connection between literature and life comes out in the issues involved in censorship." (Frye,55)
The importance of how a story is transported (told, structured, etc) is the link it creates between the reader and the outside world. If we had no form, no stye, connections would be lost and information would be missing. These elements of missing information (a.k.a. grey literature) is what our other elements of literature are made up of.
ventions we see, have the same role in literature that they have in life: they impose certain patterns of order and stability on the writer."
The simple point is that literature belongs to the world man constructs, not to the world he sees; to his home, not his environment. (Frye,12)
Symbolism and imagery shape everything we read, it is what develops the world in which allows us to reflect perception, understand plot and grasp an understanding on a world without colour. Without it, we would have no setting to create in depth knowledge of what we wish to know.
"A poet uses images and objects and sensations much more than he uses abstract ideas."
(G.K. Chesterton, 15)
Stories of the past
The life of Elijah
Past is forgotten
The comparison on how both stories are told both result in different actions, plots and conclusions. The "beginning, middle, end" may be the same, but the journey's are different. Creating different paths, which produce different inferences.
the encounter Hamlet had with this piece of symbolism later shaped his future actions
his image on the value of life changed as he sees what our final result is. Making frequent note to human body throughout the play, on decay and being eaten by worms, can be traced to this point where his outlook changed
So . . . What is the Value of Literature?
and from that imagery we can base a structure of what we see, making connections to the outside world.
These elements comprise our ability to recognize our perception and understand its true meaning to ourselves, others or society as a whole, building upon knowledge to shape history, make decisions and create insight.
Literature shapes everything we see, it develops an intellectual imagery for how we see life, and what we see life as, allowing us to create a world we want to live in.
Literature is looking over the edge to see everything your world is made up of
"Perception is insight gained by apprehension"
- World English Dictionary
Foundation is what we apprehend
“It’s too late,” he said. “You are nothing special, just another squaw whore. I took your power away in this place and sent it to burn in hell where it belongs.” (109)
(influence for her change in perception)
However, perception does not just appear it is structured between links of a plot for the reader to infer.
Transportation of information is how a story is told, or how the information is transferred to the reader. It is what allows us to recognize perception, analyze plot splices, as well as build on personal expression (public, and textual)
The value of what these stories merit derive from their ability to produce insight on a different level. This cannot be achieved without symbolic references, without these references our plots structure would be weak.
Imagery is the ability to describe meaning without text. The symbolism behind these objects aid in the development of structure, perception and intellectual connection to both the literal and not literal world.
The relations to the perception pyramid can be supported by a quote from The Great Gatsby. . .relating each piece of conversation to how the characters are perceived.
"See!" he cried triumphantly. "It's a bona-fide piece of printed matter. It fooled me. This fella's a regular Belasco. It's a triumph. What thoroughness! What realism! Knew when to stop, too – didn't cut the pages. But what do you want? What do you expect?" (Fitzgerald 47)
"He waved his hand toward the book-shelves. 'About that. As a matter of fact you needn't bother to ascertain. I ascertained. They're real.'" (Fitzgerald, 47)
"Absolutely real - have pages and everything. I thought they'd be a nice durable cardboard. Matter of fact, they're absolutely real."(Fitzgerald, 47)
the act of checking
the verbal judjment
Jack Kerouac's Novel, On the Road, has a theme of the American Dream
The Cadillac, represents this theme as it was the most desired car in the 1940's, the more the adventure progresses, the worse condition the vehicle is in, but their outlook on America goes up.
"Furthermore we know America, we’re at home; I can go anywhere in America and get what I want because it’s the same in every corner, I know the people, I know what they do. We give and take and go in the incredibly complicated sweetness zigzagging every side." (Kerouac, 71)
this illustrates that although the symbolic "american dream" is dying, the America they know is still there
This progresses them to rethink their purpose
"What is the meaning of this voyage to New York? What kind of sordid business are you on now? I mean, man, whither goest thou? Whither goest thou, America, in thy shiny car in the night?" (Kerouac,70)
"a single green light, minute and faraway, that might have been the end of a dock." (Fitzgerald, 22)
The green light in F. Scott Fitzgerald's The Great Gatsby represented Gatsby's hopes and dreams.
Each time he reaches for it, it moves him closer to his goal yet feels far away
―If it wasn‘t for the mist we could see you home across the bay...You always have a green light that burns all night at the end of your dock‖ (Fitzgerald, 92)
―Gatsby believed in the green light, the future that year by year recedes before us. It eludes then, but that‘s no matter tomorrow we will run faster, and stretch out our arms farther.(Fitzgerald,108).
This illustrates his roadblocks, if the mist were nonexistent we would be at our conclusion
This was the motive for the whole story, the light was the intital reach. Without this symbol no inference to purpose could be made
William Shakespeare’s Hamlet
Shakespeare, William. Hamlet. Michigan: Yale University, 2003. Print.
Joseph Boyden’s Three Day Road
Boyden, Joseph. Three Day Road. New York: Penguin Group, 2007. Print.
F. Scott Fitzgerald’s The Great Gatsby
Fitzgerald, F. Scott. The Great Gatsby. London: Penguin Classics, 2000. Print.
Jack Kerouac’s On the Road
Kerouac, Jack. On the Road. New York: Viking, 1999. Print.
Native American Symbolism : Bear
"Native American Symbolism." Native Net. Native Net Org., n.d. Web. 12 June 2013. <http://www.native-net.org/na/native-american-bear.html>.
The Collected Poems of Wallace Stevens : Motive for Metaphor
Stevens, Wallace. The Collected Poems of Wallace Stevens. N.p.: n.p., 1954. Print.
The Complete Poems of D.H. Lawrence
Lawrence, D.H. The complete poems of D.H Lawrence. N.p.: n.p., 1904. Print.
The Wild Knight and Other Poems
Chesterton, G.K. The Wild Knight and Other Poems. Pennsylvania: PennsylvaniaaState University, 1927. Print.
Freytag, Gustav. "Freytag's Pyramid." Duarte. Disqus, n.d. Web. 12 June 2013. <http://www.duarte.com/blog/why-resonate/>.
Vogler, Christopher. "Myth Structure." Content Marketing. Z Squared, n.d. Web. 12 June 2013. <http://contentmarketinginstitute.com/2013/03/brand-storytelling-content-marketing-heros-journey/>.
Armano, David. "Perception Pyramid." L.E. Logic. TypePad, n.d. Web. 12 June 2013. <http://darmano.typepad.com/logic_emotion/2008/10/perception-pyra.html>.