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The 8 terrestrial biomes

Science 10 project
by

Michelle Williams

on 10 October 2012

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Transcript of The 8 terrestrial biomes

The 8 terrestrial biomes By: Michelle+Arlene 1. Boreal Forest 2. Deciduous forest 6.Temperate Rainforest 4. Grassland 7. Permanent Ice Location: Northern
hemisphere Location: Eastern
Canada Location: Africa/Asia Location: Praries Location: Equator Location: West Coast
Canada Location: Arctic/ Antartica 3. Desert 8. Tundra Location: Upper Northern
hemisphere Climate: Temperature: 5*c to -5*c
Precipitation: 20cm to 2oocm/year
They have 4 seasons Animals: Russian flying squirrel
soft
olive- brown
lighter underparts
Prefers dense forests
Wolverine
Chocolate brown
bushy tail
Likes lots of space, solitary animals Plants: Interesting fact: Climate Temperature: 20*c to 0*C
Precipitation: 50cm to 200 cm per year
They have 4 seasons. Animals: Salamanders:
Prefers it in the wet environment.
Vary in size Slimy, slippery

Pileated:
Prefers mature forests and heavily wooded parks
They are mainly black with a red crest, and have a white line down the sides of the throat Plants: Dutchman's breeches
grayish green leaves
hairless
lives along gentle slopes and ravines
Sassofras
grows 9-18m tall
tiny yellow flowers
grows well in moist well drained areas Interesting Facts: Climate: Temperature: -18*C to 49*C
Precipitation: 1.5 cm a year
They have 2 seasons
( Summer and rain) Animals: The thorny devil (Moloch)
ranges from yellow to reddish - brown to black
loves the sand
Camel
2 rows of eye lashes
water in humps on there back
they can adapted to there surroundings Plants: Saguaro
a large, tree-sized cactus
likes a hot dry climate

Spinifex
Fertile soils
Spinifex is a genus of perennial coastal grasses. Interesting Facts: Climate: Temperature: 20*F to 70*F
Precipitation: 10 to 30 inches per year
They have 2 seasons (Summer, Winter) Animals: Rhinoceroses
They live there for their food
elephant body; big horn
Leaf hoppers
sap from grasses, pines and woody and herbaceous plants.
piercing and sucking mouth parts and spiky hairs on their back legs Plants: Interesting Facts: Climate: Temperature: 34*c to 20*c
Precipitation: 10 to 30 inches per year
They have 1 season (Summer) Animals: Jambu fruit dove
plump with a small head
coloured red and brown
stays in the rain forst becuse of the food
Kinkajou
weight - 3 to 7 pounds
likes wet and dry land Plants: Bengal Bamboo
dark green straight stalk
green long and narrow leaves
sucks up water from heavy rain fall that might have made a flood
Jambu
leathery green leaves
fruit is pink
likes sunlight Interesting Facts: Climate: Temperature: 80*C to 0*C
Precipitation: 50 to 60 inches per year
They have 4 seasons. Animals: Weasels
anywhere where there is suitable food.
long slender bodies; light brown fur on their backs and their underparts are creamy/white.

Shrews
They live there for food spiders, seeds, buds, leaves, and fruit. They can also eat lizards.
generally brown with short fur and whiskers and a long bushy tail Plants: Sitka Spruce:
extremely wet climate
bark is thin and scaly; the third tallest conifer species


Western Hemlock (Pacific hemlock):
requires a lot of water, and generally thrives in coastal regions; moist, rich, deep soils
narrow crown; Droopy new growth at the top of the tree; Feathery foliage on down-sweeping branches Interesting Facts: Climate: Temperature: -30*C to 14*C
Precipitation: 6 to 10 inches per year
They have 2 seasons (winter and summer) Animals: Lemmings:
soles of feet densely furred
ears entirely covered in fur
like under ground burrows
Pika:
rounded ears
no tail
likes mountains Plants: Alpine forget-me-not:
perennial that blooms in early summer. It has small tufted leaves and a loose papery sheath
It lives in the alpine because it needs the gritty soil

Siberian crab apple:
Prefers well drained- moist soils
Crab apples are a group of small flowering trees used for
conservation and landscape plantings. Interesting Facts: Climate: Temperature: -30*F to 40*F
Precipitation: 6 to 10 inches per year
1 season (winter with rain) Animals: Arctic fox:
It lives there for its favorite food, the lemming.
size of an ordinary domesticated house cat. It has short legs a long bushy tail.


Rock ptarmigan
It lives here for food.
changes its coloring between seasons to blend in with its surroundings. Plants: Bearberry:
unnutrient dry areas, and they have silky hairs that help keep them warm.
low growing plant with oval shaped leaves.


Tufted saxifrage:
•like cool weather; has a well built underground root system for storing carb"s
a small perennial that grows in thick in the tundra. Interesting Facts: Dwarf willow
leaves are typically elongated
male and female flowers
moist soil in cold temperate region
Cushion plant
can grow 3 meters wide
like a mat on the floor
commonly grow in rapidly draining rocky or sandy soils Blue Grama
dry plains, foothills and plateaus.
low, sod-forming bunchgrass

Buffalo Grass
dry during the summer and cold and windy in the winter
perennial shortgrass 5. Tropical Rainforest References: http://www.ehow.com/info_8105123_plant-life-grasslands.html
http://www.animalcorner.co.uk/britishwildlife/weasel.html
http://www.ehow.com/facts_7559812_tree-shrew.html
http://animals.jrank.org/pages/2801/Tree-Shrews-Scandentia-COMMON-TREE-SHREW-Tupaia-glis-SPECIES-ACCOUNT.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Picea_sitchensis
http://www.greentimbers.ca/vegetation-and-wildlife/vegetation-life/coniferous-trees/156-western-hemlock
http://www.blueplanetbiomes.org/tundra_animal_page.htm
http://www.allaboutbirds.org/guide/Rock_Ptarmigan/lifehistory
http://tundrabiomeproject.blogspot.ca/2008/11/bearberry-arctostaphylos-uva-ursi.html
http://tundrabiomeproject.blogspot.ca/search/label/Plants
http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/weasel
http://www.ehow.com/about_6636665_shrews.html
http://www.ag.ndsu.edu/trees/handbook/th-3-77.pdf
http://www.biokids.umich.edu/critters/Plethodon_cinereus/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pileated_Woodpecker
http://austhrutime.com/spinifex_grasslands.htm
http://www.ehow.com/about_5403201_information-leaf-hoppers.html
http://animalrangeextension.montana.edu/articles/forage/species/grasses/Blue-grama.htm
http://rrms-biomes.tripod.com/id9.html
http://www.ehow.com/list_7471372_interesting-landscape-desert-biome.html
http://www.marietta.edu/~biol/biomes/temprain.htm
Of the 300 bird species that call Canada's boreal forest home during the summer, only 30 stay through the winter.
The Boreal Forest is named after Boreas, the Greek god of the North wind.
While some of the iconic animals living in boreal forests are very familiar, including wolves, bears, Arctic fox and muskox, it might be surprising to remember that the Siberian Tiger also calls the boreal forest home The largest tree in the deciduous forestis the giant sequoia it is 275feet tall and 95 feet around.
Deciduous forests have five zones The road runner can attain speeds of up to 17 mph on foot.

A square foot of prairie holds about 500,000 nematodes, a type of roundworm. The amount of tropical rainforest that is deforested every year is equal to the size of Britain.
In 1950, 30% of the earth was tropical rainforest. In 1975, 12% was left. In 2002, tropical rainforests covered only 6% the earth. polar bears spend a lot of time out on the floating ice
seals, whales and other marine mammals live in the ice water
Tundra comes from the Finnish word tunturia, meaning treeless plain.
animals in tundra have adapted themselves to survive the extreme weather The four major desert types: coastal, cold, hot and dry and semiarid.
The Saguaro cactus can live for more than 150 years and produce approximately 20 million seeds. Over 25% of natural medicines have been discovered in rainforests.
Evergreen broadleaved trees are replaced by evergreen conifers trees
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