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214.9 What Do You Believe? Religion, Science, and Deviance

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Victoria Mowat

on 12 January 2015

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Transcript of 214.9 What Do You Believe? Religion, Science, and Deviance

214.9 What Do You Believe?
Religion, Science, and Deviance
RELIGION AS DEVIANCE: "DEVIANT" RELIGIONS
Science
Religion
SCIENCE AS DEVIANCE: SCIENTIFIC MISCONDUCT AND PSEUDO-SCIENCES
SCIENCE AS A SOCIAL TYPER OF DEVIANCE
RELIGION AS A SOCIAL TYPER OF DEVIANCE
Application & Conclusion
Introduction
Chapter 9 Terms:
beliefs p. 250 - religion as deviance p. 251 - ecclesia p. 251 - church p. 251 - denomination p. 252 - sect p. 252 - cult p. 252 - anti-cult movement p. 258 - cult awareness groups p. 259 - counter-cult movement p. 259 - new religious movements p. 262 - residential schooling p. 266 - child-savers movement p. 267 - scientific misconduct p. 269 - bad apple/person theory p. 270 - iceberg theory p. 270 - communism p. 274 - skepticism p. 274 - disinterestedness p. 274 - universalism p. 274 - social darwinism p. 278 - eugenics p. 278
1. Religion as Deviance
2. Religion as a Social Typer of Deviance
3. Science as Deviance
4. Science as a Social Typer of Deviance
Deviant Religions -
Traditional Typologies
The "Deviant" World of Sects and Cults
Cults, Sects, and the "Deviance Dance"
Controlling "Deviant" Religions
Resisting a Deviant Label
Reconsidering the boundaries...
Religion and politics in history...
Residential Schooling
Victorian Child-Savers
Scientific Misconduct & The Extent of the Problem
Explanations for Scientific Misconduct
Misconduct and the Corporatization of Science
Controlling Scientific Misconduct
Science and Pseudo-Science
Scientific Social Typing in History:
Scientific Social Typing Today: Medicalization
The "Religion v. Science" Deviance Dance
Chapter Outline:
1. Religion as Deviance
2. Religion as a Social Typer of Deviance
3. Science as Deviance
4. Science as a Social Typer of Deviance
Up next - your final exam...
Track your learning...
http://topdocumentaryfilms.com/jesus-camp/
Ecclesias
Churches
Denominations
Sects
Cults
benchmarkcenter.com
Beliefs and belief systems...
Sects
Cults
More traditional belief systems, high levels of commitment
Beliefs and habits controlled

A certain level of tension with society, based on:
Differences
Antagonism
Separation
More novel beliefs
Perceptions - media
Mass suicides or criminal
Distorted coverage
"The Family"
http://www.adventist.ca/about/history/
American Sociological Association (2005).
The Sociologist's Book of Cartoons
E.g. Jehovah's Witnesses &
Seventh Day Adventists
Youtube: "Heavens Gate Cult Inside Story Full Documentary"
Commonly held beliefs...
Anti-cult mov't
Cult awareness groups
Counter-cult mov't
The UN Declaration of Human Rights:
http://www.un.org/en/documents/udhr/
nyccentralparking.com
"The Family"
Academia - questioning traditional typologies
The Witch Persecutions
ethicsalarms.com
http://www.cbc.ca/news/aboriginal/residential-school-survivors-event-draws-thousands-in-edmonton-1.2588752
Youtube: "Surviving the Survivor"
childsavers.org
wikipedia.org
Youtube: "Salem Witch Trial Documentary"
http://healthland.time.com/2012/01/13/great-science-frauds/slide/woo-suk-hwang/
Dr. Hwang Woo Suk:
1974 Patchwork Mouse
Bad apple/bad person theory
Iceberg theory
Unlikely to be detected
Techniques of neutralization & Merton's innovation
15% changed their design or results under pressure
More likely to report positive results
Especially pharmaceutical companies
Post-academic science
Economic sanctions
Disbarment as a reactive sanction
Population prevention approach
Merton's (1973) normative structure of science:
Communism
Skepticism
Disinterestedness
Universalism
Research boards have emerged
Whole discipline of science is deviant
E.g. astrology
The media's role
Can change over time (but they resist)
http://my.horoscope.com/astrology/free-monthly-horoscope-scorpio.html
http://www.icsahome.com/elibrary/studyguides/education/astopindex
socialpopblog.wordpress.com
Who shapes knowledge?
Social Darwinism
Eugenics
Involuntary sterilization (Leilani Muir AB)
Nazi Germany
The medicalization of everyday life
Perhaps the most powerful social typer of deviance
Should not be accepted without question
Youtube: "Is modern eugenics wrong?"
Youtube: "Bill Nye Debates Ken Ham - HD (Official)"
Richard Dawkins on TED: Militant Atheism
http://www.ted.com/talks/richard_dawkins_on_militant_atheism
Creationism debates take centre stage:
Full transcript