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TIMELINE: U.S. INVOLVEMENT IN VIETNAM CONFLICT

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Cheryl Rhodes

on 19 December 2013

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Transcript of TIMELINE: U.S. INVOLVEMENT IN VIETNAM CONFLICT

TIMELINE: U.S. INVOLVEMENT IN VIETNAM CONFLICT
1960-Vietcong
English Vietnamese Communists that formed a group
Fought against U.S. and South Vietnam
1961-1968
Robert McNamara
Secretary of defense for Kennedy and Johnson
Supported U.S. involvement in Vietnam War
1964-1968
General William Westmoreland
Commander of U.S. ground troops in South Vietnam
Search-and-destroy
MACV
1941-Ho Chi Minh
Began leading the Viet Minh independence movement
1964-Tonkin Gulf Resolution
Passed by Congress
Allowed President Johnson to escalate Vietnam war
Empowered Johnson to initiate Operation Rolling Thunder
1965-Operation Rolling Thunder
U.S. bombing effort against North Vietnam
Johnson wanted to weaken the enemy's ability/will to fight
(1965-1972)-Napalm
Flammable, spray-able, gasoline-based gel that the U.S. military used extensively as a weapon in Vietnam.
(1968)-Tet Offensive
Series of massive coordinated attacks throughout South Vietnam
Cause 1968 to become a critical year in the Vietnam War
(1968)-My Lai Incident
U.s. troops entered village on search-and-destroy mission to find Vietcong operatives
Killed 450 women, elderly, and children but didn't find any fighters
(1969)-Vietnamization
Nixon's plan to end Vietnam war
Brought troops home and handed responsibility to South Vietnamese
(1969-1972)
Selective Service System
Registration requirement for America's young men
Put in place by the Selective Service Act (1917)
18-25 years of age
(1970)-Kent State
Antiwar demonstrators set fire to Campus Reserve Officers' Training Corps (ROTC) building
(1971)-Pentagon Papers
Secret U.S. government report leaked into N.Y. Times
Revealed that U.S. government lied about operations
(1971) N.Y Times Vs. U.S.
Considered whether newspapers should be prevented from publishing information that the government did not want disclosed to the public on the grounds that might harm national security
(1971) 26th Amendment
Lowered the legal age of voting from 21 to 18
Full transcript