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TIMELINE: U.S. INVOLVEMENT IN VIETNAM CONFLICT
Transcript of TIMELINE: U.S. INVOLVEMENT IN VIETNAM CONFLICT
English Vietnamese Communists that formed a group
Fought against U.S. and South Vietnam
Secretary of defense for Kennedy and Johnson
Supported U.S. involvement in Vietnam War
General William Westmoreland
Commander of U.S. ground troops in South Vietnam
1941-Ho Chi Minh
Began leading the Viet Minh independence movement
1964-Tonkin Gulf Resolution
Passed by Congress
Allowed President Johnson to escalate Vietnam war
Empowered Johnson to initiate Operation Rolling Thunder
1965-Operation Rolling Thunder
U.S. bombing effort against North Vietnam
Johnson wanted to weaken the enemy's ability/will to fight
Flammable, spray-able, gasoline-based gel that the U.S. military used extensively as a weapon in Vietnam.
Series of massive coordinated attacks throughout South Vietnam
Cause 1968 to become a critical year in the Vietnam War
(1968)-My Lai Incident
U.s. troops entered village on search-and-destroy mission to find Vietcong operatives
Killed 450 women, elderly, and children but didn't find any fighters
Nixon's plan to end Vietnam war
Brought troops home and handed responsibility to South Vietnamese
Selective Service System
Registration requirement for America's young men
Put in place by the Selective Service Act (1917)
18-25 years of age
Antiwar demonstrators set fire to Campus Reserve Officers' Training Corps (ROTC) building
Secret U.S. government report leaked into N.Y. Times
Revealed that U.S. government lied about operations
(1971) N.Y Times Vs. U.S.
Considered whether newspapers should be prevented from publishing information that the government did not want disclosed to the public on the grounds that might harm national security
(1971) 26th Amendment
Lowered the legal age of voting from 21 to 18