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MEMORY- PART 1
Transcript of MEMORY- PART 1
LONG TERM MEMORY
SHORT TERM MEMORY => WORKING MEMORY
Memory structure refers to the pattern of associations among items of information.
One memory serves as a cue to trigger another memory. This is called redintegration. It seems to spread through the "branches" of memory networks.
1. ENCODING - RECEIVES THE INFORMATION
2. STORAGE - STORES THE INFORMATION
3. RETRIEVAL-RETRIEVES THE INFORMATION
If information is deemed important or meaningful it is then encoded into long term memory which acts as a lasting storehouse for knowledge.
Long term memories are encoded on the basis of meaning not sound.
Two types of long-term memory:
Procedural - riding a bicycle
Declarative - "factual" information
a. Semantic - impersonal facts (days of week)
b. Episodic - memory of episodes, personal experiences.
If information is selectively attended to ,
it goes into short term memory, then into working memory.
Working memory briefly holds the information
we need when we are thinking an solving problems.
Human Memory is an active system that receives, stores, organizes, alters, and recovers information.
Information is first encoded into sensory memory.
Information is encoded as either iconic (visual
sensory images) or echoic (auditory sensory).
THREE STAGES OF MEMORY
THREE STAGES OF MEMORY:
1. SENSORY MEMORY - HOLDS AN EXACT RECORD OF INCOMING INFORMATION FOR A FEW SECONDS OR LESS.
2. SHORT TERM MEMORY (WORKING MEMORY) - HOLDS SMALL AMOUNTS OF INFORMATION IN OUR CONSCIOUS AWARENESS FOR ABOUT A DOZEN SECONDS
3. LONG TERM MEMORY - USED FOR RELATIVELY PERMANENT STORAGE.
ABC News, Chimp vs Humans laffsteve-
Parrot vs. Child: The Intelligence Test - Extraordinary Animals - Earth (BBC Earth 3:34)