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Hope Dillree

on 30 August 2015

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Transcript of ADOPTION

1. Most birth mothers who place their babies for adoption are teenagers.

Most birth mothers who choose adoption are in their early twenties
2. After a child has been placed, a birth mother cannot have any contact with the child.

Today most birth mothers have some contact with their children.
3. Children who were adopted are more likely to have physical or emotional challenges.

It is impossible to predict how any child will turn out, whether biological or adopted. Generally, children who were adopted as infants are as emotionally healthy as children who were not adopted.

Post-Adoption Syndrome.
Similar to post-partum depression.
Very common (75-85% feel sadness or depression after the adoption.
Feelings of sadness, guilt, and irritability arise in parents.
Stems from unresolved infertility grief, financial stress, or when the euphoria dissapears and real responsibilites kick in.
1% of adopted kids run away

Almost half of privately adopted children are the only child living in the home.

Adopted children are more likely to live in neighborhoods that are safe, that have amenities and that are in good physical condition than are non-adopted children.
85 percent of privately adopted children ages 6-17 engage in extracurricular activities.
Roughly 1/5 of private adoptions are transracial. (1.white 2. black 3. asian/hispanic)

Adoption in
the USA
American Adoption Agency
The cost is generally around $20,000. May cost a little more or a little less depending on state rules and the birth mom.
Relationships Of Adoption
Confidential adoption:
Neither the adoptive parents not the biological parents know each other.
Sometimes called "closed adoption."
Semi-open adoption:
The birth parents and the adoptive parents meet once or twice a month on a first name only basis.
May agree on sending pictures via lawyer.
Can become an open adoption if both parties agree.
Open adoption:
Birth parents and adoptive parents know each others fulls names.
May agree to sending pictures and letters directly.
Meet on regulars basis.

Obvious, yet need to know things about adoption.
It's permanent.
It's a legal change involving the court.
Another great way to create a family.
Most adopted children grow up to be just
Low wait time (1-9 months)
Low disruptions
Education, support, and counseling
Risk-sharing program
National Services

United States & Canada
Requires 3-4 interviews and gov. requirements.

• Must be an active LDS member with temple recommend
• Married for at least 2 years in a stable relationship
• Good physical and mental health
• Documented infertility assessment
• Financially stable
• Clear criminal background. Child abuse registry checked
• Health insurance
• Legal status in the USA
• 2 or fewer children for infant adoption.

Range from 4,000 to 10,000 based on a 10 percent of the couple’s combined gross annual income as reported on a couple's previous year’s tax return. The cost of each adoption is subsidized by a grant from the LDS Church

Referred to as intercountry adoption, the one main protection for all parties involved is called the Hague Convention.
It was finished May 1993 in The Hague, Netherlands, and it's purpose is to ensure the legitimacy and legality of adoptions done in other countries and also, to make sure that the kids are safe.
Two types of adoption: Hague and non-Hague (orphan)
-Be a U.S. citizen and reside in the United States
-Find an adoption service provider and maybe an immigration attorney
- Complete a homestudy *detailed report of personal, financial, medical info.
-Fill out an I-600A (orphan) or I-800A (convention country) form
-Fill out all required documents from the US, adoptive country, & home state
-If approved, set up Visa interview with Consular Officer (US Embassy)
-Bring child home!
This type of adoption is lengthy and difficult because of all the legal and ethical applications.

Intercountry adoption costs from $25,000 to $50,000.
Currently there are over 70 countries recognized by the United States as Hague Adoption Convention countries including Israel, China, Sri Lanka & Ethiopia.
Wait times vary. For example, adopting a child from China may take more than four years, while adopting a child from Russia may take less than a year.
Celebrities like Angelina Jolie and Madonna have adopted internationally.
U.S. citizens completed 19,942 international adoptions in 2007, which declined to 9,319 in 2011 as international adoption policies became more restrictive.
Even though the number of intl. adoptess is declining, U.S. government survey finds that most of them are in good health and fare well on measures of social and emotional well-being. They get a lot of attention from their parents and generally do well in school.
International Adoption
"We have been involved with international adoptions in various countries, but this program has been put on a temporary hold. However, we are hopeful that international services will be available soon. If a couple is interested in international adoption, we will be able to refer them to a reputable international adoption agency."- excerpt from LDS Living magazine

Helpful websites:
www.adoption.state.gov (Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State)
www.uscis.gov/adoption (U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services)
Full transcript