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Mayor-Council VS Manager-Council

Government
by

Cody Martin

on 17 November 2013

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Transcript of Mayor-Council VS Manager-Council

Mayor Council Form of Government
Background
Strong Mayoral-Council Structure
Manager-Council Form
Manager-Council Structure
Mayor-Council VS Manager-Council
Cody Martin
-The Mayor Council System is considered the oldest form of Municipality
-This structure is Most Commonly Adopted in Larger Cities
Due to population
-Typically the Mayor-Council system is categorized into
Two Groups Based upon Mayoral Power
-These are The Weak Mayor Form and Strong Mayor
Form
-Currently 34% of cities have adopted the Mayor-Council structure Reported by the (ICMA),
this is the second most common form of municipality in the United States.
Two Structures of Mayor Council
Weak Mayor Form
Strong Mayor Form
In a "weak" Mayor-council system, the Mayor usually has no formal authority outside of the council. The weak-Mayor cannot appoint or remove officials.
The Mayor also has no veto power over council votes.
In the strong-Mayor form the elected Mayor is given most administrative authority and a clear, range of political independence, with the power to appoint and dismiss department heads without council approval. In this system, the strong-Mayor prepares and administers the city budget, although that budget must be approved by the council.
Background
In the early 1900’s public officials wanted to do away with “political machine” form of government and the abuses of the system. The idea was to have a politically neutral administrator to carry out the administrative function.
Staunton, Virginia is credited as the first American city
appointing a city manager in 1908 the first large city to
adopt the council–manager form was Dayton, Ohio, in 1913.
The council–manager system has grown considerably in
popularity since the start of the 20th century. In 1935,
there were 418 U.S. cities and seven counties using
the system.
By 2001, 3,302 cities with a population over 2,500 and 371 counties used the council-manager system. Phoenix, Arizona is the largest city in the United States to retain council–manager government. The ICMA reports 55% usage among American Cities
Thesis
As it pertains to Municipalities, the Manager-Council form of government is more Efficient than the Mayoral-Council system of government
Reasoning for Thesis
With a Manager-Council Municipality,
-Citizens can be assured that their Executive
leader is qualified, to hold the position.

-Constituents can be assured that the Municipal
Executive Leader will be politically neutral.

-The Manager-Council Structure provides a clear separation of powers, that is conducive
to comprehension among voters.
Full transcript