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Transcript of Inclusion
How is inclusion incorporated into our classrooms
How was inclusion incorporated into classrooms in the
What is inclusion?
Problem: Is Inclusion going too far?
Student with Autism
Luke is a student who thrives in a quiet one-on-one learning environment. He is prone to destructive outbursts.
How would his education be affected due to inclusion?
PROS and CONS
: 10th Grader
Severe OCD & Anxiety
At times, Suzie suffers from anxiety when she is alone but being in large groups can also trigger heightened emotions.
How can inclusion affect her education?
PROS & CONS
: 4th Grader
Reactive Attachment Disorder
rarely responds to teachers & students
has episodes of irritability of unexplained sadness
Inclusion should be case by case based.
Inclusion shouldn't be incorporated into every classroom (not always appropriate).
Students should not be clumped.
PLC's & Team Meetings
7 Pillars of Inclusion
PROS & CONS
Why is it Important?
Inclusion is a legal right
Inclusion is a moral and ethical right
Inclusion is a civil right
Engages all students in learning
Provides healthy challenges
Can encourage respect
Brown vs. Board of Education
Issues in areas of assessment and training teachers
Education for All Handicapped Children Act (EAHCA) in 1975
Individuals with Disability Education Act (IDEA)
As of 2010, 95% of 6-21 year-old students with disabilities were served in regular schools
Approximately 59% of students classified with disabilities spend 80% or more of each school day in a general education classroom
Isn't in the best interest of ALL students.
child may have difficulty adapting
Less one-on-one attention
Lack of support
Teacher needs to plan for more accommodations & modifications (Takes away from other students)
7 Pillars of Inclusion
The act of including or the state of being included.
Students with disabilities are
supported in general education classes.
determined by their individualized education programs (IEP's).
Aly Pascuzzi, Beau Simon,
Jinnea LaRoque, Marissa Lind
How to approach inclusion
Daren, Sara. "The Rise of Inclusion Education in the United States." The Rise of Inclusion
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Davis, Heather A., Jessica J. Summers, and Lauren M. Miller. An Interpersonal Approach
to Classroom Management: Strategies for Improving Student Engagement.
Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin/A Joint Publication, 2012. Print.
Harchik, Alan, Dr. "Including Children with Special Needs in Regular Classrooms: Pros and Cons."
News for Parents: What Matters to You, 2005. Web. 01 Dec. 2014. <http://www.newsforparents.org/experts_inclusion_pros_cons.html>.
"Inclusive Education." PBS Parents. PBS, 2012. Web. 04 Dec. 2014.
Hayes, William. All New Real-life Case Studies for Teachers. Lanham, MD: Rowman &
Littlefield Education, 2009. Print.
Kliewer, Christopher, Dr., and Chirsti Kasa-Hendrickson, Dr. “Benefits of Inclusion.”
Benefits of Inclusion. US Department of Education, n.d. Web. 01 Dec. 2014.
Mackey, Megan. "Inclusive Education in the United States: Middle School General
Education Teachers’ Approaches to Inclusion." International Journal of Instruction
7.2 (2014): 5-20. Web. 03 Dec. <http://www.e-iji.net/dosyalar/ijji_2014_2_1.pdf>.
Mastropieri, Margo A., and Thomas E. Scruggs. The Inclusive Classroom: Strategies for
Effective Instruction. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Merrill, 2000. Print.
Osgood, Robert L. The History of Inclusion in the United States. Washington, D.C.:
Gallaudet UP, 2005. Print.
Rhode, Ginger, William R. Jenson, and H. Kenton. Reavis. The Tough Kid Book. Eugene,
Or.: Pacific Northwest Pub., 2010. Print.
Schwarz, Patrick. From Disability to Possibility: The Power of Inclusive Classrooms.
Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann, 2006. Print.
Thompkins, Richard, and Pat Deloney. "Concerns About and Arguments Against
Inclusion and/or Full Inclusion.” Inclusion: The Pros and Cons: SEDL: Advancing
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Wink, Joan. Critical Pedagogy: Notes from the Real World. New York: Longman, 2000. Print