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Transcript of FILIPINO PHILOSOPHY
John Rey Reyes
Fragments of Filipino Philosophy of Life
Law of Reversion
Balance of Nature
Cyclic Concept of Nature
Value of Non-violence
Concept of Life and Death
Law of Reversion (Batas ng Panunumbalik)
Man is his own decisions
Man is his own thought
As he decides, he reaps the consequences
As he chooses, he creates himself
Cebuanos: "Sumala sa iyong itanum, maoy imong anihon" (Whatever you have sown is what you will reap)
Balance of Nature (Pagbabalanse ng Kalikasan)
Balance between the good and the bad, beauty and ugliness, positive and negative traits.
Everyone has his own share or pleasure and pain, success and failure, bliss and tears.
Tausug: "Minsan in sampung landu mamanis, tinukan mayan." (Even the most fragrant flower has thorns)
Cyclic Concept of Nature: Wheel of Fortune (Gulong ng Palad)
Change, impermanence, hope
Everything changes, nothing is permanent.
What is presently at the bottom will be at the top later, and the reversal process of going up and down continues without end.
Tagalog: "Ang buhay ng tao ay gulong ang kahalintulad, and nasa ilalim ngayon, nasa itaas naman bukas."
" Habang may buhay ay may pag-asa."
Person-centered or self-centered approach to morality
By knowing oneself, one may know and understand our fellowmen.
Revolves around the golden rule and nonjudgmental injuctions of the people
Tagalog: "Kung ano ang masakit sa iyo asy masakit din sa iba."
Bicolanos: "Sighidad mo nguna sa sadiring natad bago ka maninghid kan sa ibang natad." (Clean first your backyard, before cleaning the backyard of others.)
Value of Non-violence
Only through non-violence can one get out of violence, peace can one get out of war, order can one gets out of disorder and love can one get out of hatred
Consists of the following:
1. The bread overcomes the stone
2. The water overcomes the fire
3. The soft overcomes the hard
4. The weak overcomes the strong
5. The flower overcomes the gun
6. Love overcomes the hatred
Concept of Life and Death
Man is born to die
Death is a great equalizer, a leveler of all human beings, as is plays no favorites at all.
Filipino Christians: Death is the human soul's passage into the eternal kingdom of the Creator.
Tagalog: "Sa kabaong at libingan, lahat ay pantay-pantay, dukha't cardinal magkaparihas kung mamatay."
Characteristics of Filipino Thought
Filipino thought is more of a philosophy of life than a philosophy of being.
It is metaphorical rather than literal in its formulations
Example: "Whatever the tree is, so is its fruits." "If you walk like a duck, wiggle like a duck, quack like a duck, you must be a duck." "If father and mother frogs, so are the children."
It is personal rather than impersonal, hence often subjective and psychological.
Example: "Kung san ako nadapa, doon ako babangon." "Ano na lang ang sasabihin ng mga tao kung malalaman nila ang nangyari?" " Malaki ang utang na loob ko sa aking ina, kung wala siya ay hindi ako naging tao."
It is practical and socio-ethical, rather than theoretical and cognitive.
Filipino thinking pertains to human relationship and moral actions than to metaphysical speculations.
Can be seen in values like pakikisama, pakikipag-tao, pakikiramay, utang na loob.
It is particular rather than universal
One can notice a paucity in the use of universal statements and great use of particular and singular sentences
Example: "Ang puno ng santol ay nagbubunga rin ng santol."
It is more theoretical and functional than logical and empirical
Filipino system gives importance to the functional or operational effectivity of decisions and value judgments
Example: "utang na loob" "pakikisama" "pakikipagkapwa-tao"
Filipino thought is more theological than scientific
Filipinos are very religious people. Their strong faith in God makes them uncritical and undiscerning in their assumptions and makes their inferences conclusive and unquestionable.
It is concrete rather than abstract.
Example: "Barking dogs seldom (do not) bite." "He who walks fast, if he gets thorned, it's deep; he who walks slowly, if he gets thorned, it's shallow." "A tree that is full of fruits is what is being pelted with stones."