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Figurative Language Center
Transcript of Figurative Language Center
Mrs. Jamie Horvath Wilkes University
Digital Media in the Classroom Instructional Purpose: This presentation is designed as a self-guided tour through figurative language devices. Students will be introduced to similes, metaphors, alliteration, onomatopoeia, personification, and hyperboles. Characteristics specific to each device will be defined along with examples of each type. Students will then watch videos of popular children's books and be asked to identify the figurative language devices used in the story. Independent activities are provided for reinforcement. Since students may be unfamiliar with Prezi, I suggest introducing the center in a whole group setting. While working on this learning center, students should keep the work completed for each figurative language device in their center work folder. Pennsylvania Standard: 1.3.4.D
Identify literary devices in selected readings (e.g. personification, simile, alliteration, and metaphor). What is Figurative Language? Figurative language is speech or writing that often describes something by comparing it to something else. It cannot be taken literally (or that it really did happen). Example:
Imagine if I were to blow up a bubble and you burst it with a pencil. I could then say, "You burst my bubble." This would be literal language because you actually "burst my bubble." However, if I were to say, "When you told me it was going to rain on my birthday, you really burst my bubble!" In this sentence a bubble has not actually, or literally, been burst; it means that the rain prediction dampened my excitement about my birthday. Styles of
Figurative Language Simile Metaphor Alliteration Onomatopoeia Personification Hyperbole - compares two unlike
things using LIKE or AS These cookies are as hard as a rock. The cloud is like a pile of fluffy marshmallows. EXAMPLES VIDEO ACTIVITY Watch the video Owl Moon by Jane Yolen. Listen carefully. Then write down 3 similes used in the story. Check your answers. Below are the similes used in the story. Answer Key
1. The trees stood still as giant statues.
2. Somewhere behind us a train whistle blew, long and low like a sad sad song.
3. It was as quiet as a dream.
4. I could feel the cold as if someone's icy palm was palm down on my back.
5. Then the owl pumped its great wings and lifted off the branch like a shadow without sound. INDEPENDENT ACTIVITY Create a flip book. Then write 5 complete sentences that use similes to compare two unlike things using like or as. Illustrate each sentence on a different page of the flip book. - states a fact or draws a verbal picture
by comparing two unlike things
- does not use like or as EXAMPLES The homework last night was a breeze. Caroline's excuse for not having the homework was hard to swallow. VIDEO ACTIVITY Watch the video of The Grinch Song from the story How the Grinch Stole Christmas. Listen carefully. There are 11 different metaphors used. Write down as many as you can find. Check your answers. Below are the metaphors used in the story. INDEPENDENT ACTIVITY Create a metaphor to describe each of the following:
* an angry father
* a shy girl
* an impatient toddler
* a friend who talks all the time - repetition of beginning sounds
- creates melody & establishes mood
- calls attention to important words
- tongue twisters VIDEO ACTIVITY Watch the video, Chicken Little by Steven Kellogg. Listen carefully. Then write down 3 sentences or phrases where alliteration was used in the story. http://player.discoveryeducation.com/index.cfm?guidAssetId=F113659A-5935-4FD4-9A78-90758157DA7A&blnFromSearch=1&productcode=US Click on the link below to access the video on Discovery Education. Check your answers. Below are the alliterations used in the story. EXAMPLES Seven slippery snakes slithered slowly. Tanya takes turkey to Tina's house on Tuesday. INDEPENDENT ACTIVITY Write 3 original animal tongue twisters using alliteration. Teach your tongue twisters to a friend. EXAMPLES Zoink Zap Snap Slurp Shhh VIDEO ACTIVITY Watch the video Click, Clack, Moo by Doreen Cronin. Listen carefully. Then write down at least 8 onomatopoeia words used in the story. Check your answers. Below are the onomatopoeia words used in the story. INDEPENDENT ACTIVITY Create a 3-frame comic strip using onomatopoeia. Be sure to color your illustrations. - words that mimic sounds
- a string of syllables the author has made up
to represent the way a sound really sounds
- appeal to our sense of hearing
- bring descriptions to life INDEPENDENT ACTIVITY Closing Activities Listen to the rap song by clicking on the link. Feel free to sing along! http://www.educationalrap.com/song/figurative-language.html Click on the link below to play a personification review game. http://reviewgamezone.com/games/supershooter/index.php?1635&title=Personification VIDEO ACTIVITY Watch the video Sylvester and the Magic Pebble by William Steig. Listen carefully. Then write down at least 3 ways personification was used in the story. Check your answers. Below are the different ways personification was used in the story. - gives the qualities of a person to an animal, an object, or an idea
- a comparision used to show something in an entirely new light
- communicates a certain feeling or attitude towards something
and to control the way a reader perceives it EXAMPLES The Cat & the Fiddle
Hey diddle, Diddle,
The cat and the fiddle,
The cow jumped over the moon;
The little dog laughed
To see such sport,
And the dish ran away with the spoon.
By Mother Goose - exaggerated statement used to
- It is not used to mislead the reader, but
to emphasize a point. INDEPENDENT ACTIVITY Write a short commerical selling something common like a pencil top eraser. Use at least 4 hyperboles to "sell" your product. EXAMPLES http://player.discoveryeducation.com/index.cfm?guidAssetId=DE27C726-A05A-4384-B258-6DF6DDA74B5F&blnFromSearch=1&productcode=US Click on the link below to access the video on Discovery Education. Watch the video of Paul Bunyan: Folktales Around the World. Listen carefully. Then write down 5 hyperboles used in the story. Check your answers. Below are the hyperboles used in the story. I have a ton of homework. It's raining cats and dogs. Play an interactive review game by clicking on the following link: http://www.newton.k12.ks.us/tech/fling3.html http://rx1.freesfx.co.uk/mp3s/1/946_1245801925.mp3 Answer Key
1. You really are a heel.
2. You're a bad bannana with a greasy black peel.
3. You're a monster Mr. Grinch.
4. Your hearts an empty hole.
5. You're a vile one Mr. Grinch.
6. You're a nasty wasty skunk.
7. You're a rotter.
8. Your hearts a dead tomato splotched with moldy purple spots.
9. Your sole is an appalling dump heap.
10. You're a crooked jerky jockey.
11. You're a three decker sauerkraut and toad stool sandwich with arsenic sauce. Logon to Discovery Education
password: student. Answer Key
1. gobble the goose
2. devour the duck
3. chew up the chicken
4. Henny Penny was horrified
5. plump pair of drumsticks
6. delicious Ducky Lucky
7. simmered in spices and salt
8. Gosling Gilbert
9. foolish fouls
10. reading the recipes
11. spicy sauces
12. Sargeant Hippo Hefty
13. flattened the fleeing fox
14. fradulent fox Answer Key
--> click, clack, moo
--> clickety, clack, moo
--> click, clack, quack
--> clickety, clack, quack Answer Key
Personification was used in the representation of Sylvester, a donkey, taking on human qualities such as talking, living in a house with his parents, going on vacation, testing to see if the magic pebble was real. Also, the talking Lion is personification as well. The phrase, "Night followed day and day followed night over and over again," is personification. The phrases, "The grass bent to the ground; and Flowers showed their young faces," are also examples of personification. Logon to Discovery Education
password: student Answer Key
- Took 7 storks to carry him to his folks
- He was louder than a tornado, a hurricane, and a Nor’eastern all rolled into one.
- Fish all along the east coast were so discombobulated that they popped out of the water to escape the racket.
- It got so bad, frogs put on earmuffs to keep out the hollering and a blubberin’.
- Growing and growing, putting on an inch or so every couple of hours.
- He got so big that by the time he was just a few months old, it took 7 cows to get enough milk to fill up the tyke so he could fall asleep at naptime.
- He’d roll around so much that he’d demolish 5 acres of timberland everytime he snoozed.
- When Paul got restless, he rolled off the raft and into the ocean. The resulting waves up ended the ships and naturally, all the sailors toppled into the ocean.
- He’d have made soup from sour dough too if it hadn’t been for the time that one of Sam’s barrels for sour dough exploded and blowed a load of navy beans right into the lake next to the logging camp.
- The camps grub table was 10 miles long.
- Paul had a narrow-gauge railroad built right around the table so the meals could be served up right quick.
- It took 50 men just to prepare the flapjack griddle.
- They did it by skating around with pork rinds tied to their shoes.
- It took another half dozen men just to get the flapjacks on Paul’s plate and a flatbed railroad car to transport them to their final destination up there at the head of the table.
- Sourdough donuts, which were so tough, only a rail spike could do the job.
- Johnny needed an unending supply of ink just to write down all the transactions.
- The woodsman was in such a hurry to sew Sport back up together he just plum messed up.
- The year of two winters, Lucy’s milk turned to ice cream before it could reach the pale.
- It was so frigid that words froze up in mid-air and they didn’t come down till the spring thaw.
- It was so bitter cold that both shadows froze to the ground and they just wouldn’t budge.
- cause being so short and all, he couldn’t see over the snowdrifts.
- It was so cantankerous it jammed up all the logs and slapped the lumberjacks into the water and then flipped them onto the bank just to be disagreeable.
- That ox pulled and pulled until the whistling river unbent till it became straight as an arrow. Click on the link underneath the onomatopoeia words written in grey to listen to an audio clip of the sound. Please put all your work from this Figurative Language Center in your center work folder. I hope you enjoyed learning! Citations Learning Center Video Activity http://rx1.freesfx.co.uk/mp3s/1/975_1245804941.mp3 http://rx1.freesfx.co.uk/mp3s/1/812_1244852008.mp3 http://rx1.freesfx.co.uk/mp3s/1/534_1231719874.mp3 http://rx1.freesfx.co.uk/mp3s/2/1806_1266287755.mp3 Girl Bursting Bubble Gum
Image of Chocolate Chip Cookies
Taken by Pink Sherbert Photography on 1/22/08
Image of Rock
Image of Marshmallows
Image of Clouds
Image of Homework
Image of Excuse
Image of Child Taking Cough Medicine
Image of Homework Excuse
Image of Snake
Image of Turkey
Image of House
Image of Calendar
Image of Cow Jumping Over Moon
Image of Ton of Homework
Image of Raining Cats & Dogs
http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://x93.xanga.com/a67c264320631183192403/z140285280.gif&imgrefurl=http://seamlessintegration.xanga.com/651240875/item/&usg=__KDs_2FlJr9NMYgKN1WwMCaQIphw=&h=350&w=260&sz=43&hl=en&start=0&zoom=1&tbnid=H6jny2Xj-JxkHM:&tbnh=174&tbnw=129&prev=/images%3Fq%3Draining%2Bcats%2B%2526%2Bdogs%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den%26client%3Dfirefox-a%26sa%3DN%26rls%3Dorg.mozilla:en-US:official%26biw%3D1222%26bih%3D465%26tbs%3Disch:1&um=1&itbs=1&iact=hc&vpx=888&vpy=97&dur=785&hovh=261&hovw=193&tx=85&ty=201&ei=tMjUTPHCJYO0lQe4scX_CA&oei=tMjUTPHCJYO0lQe4scX_CA&esq=1&page=1&ndsp=13&ved=1t:429,r:11,s:0 Weston Woods.
Owl Moon [Full Video].
Available from YouTube
Weston Woods. (1998).
Chicken Little [Full Video].
Available from http://www.discoveryeducation.com/
Colman Communications. (2009).
Folktales from around the World: Paul Bunyan (United States) [Full Video]. Available from http://www.discoveryeducation.com/
Video The Grinch Song
Available from YouTube
Video Click, Clack, Moo: Cows that Type
Available from YouTube
Sylvester and the Magic Pebble
Available from YouTube Crackle Audio Clip
Vroom (Race Car) Audio Clip
Boom Audio Clip
Gurgle Audio Clip
Wind Audio Clip
Interactive Figurative Language Review Game
Figurative Language Rap Song
http://prezi.com/ub59eun6p5ue/edit/ Videos Images Audio http://player.discoveryeducation.com/index.cfm?guidAssetId=AFFF8544-5E11-499D-8272-BE9978DC807F&blnFromSearch=1&productcode=US Click on the link below to access the video on Discovery Education. username: nasdgrade4
password: student Click on the link below to listen to The Grinch song.
You're a mean one, Mr. Grinch.
You really are a heel.
You're as cuddly as a cactus,
You're as charming as an eel.
You're a bad banana
With a greasy black peel.
You're a monster, Mr. Grinch.
Your heart's an empty hole.
Your brain is full of spiders,
You've got garlic in your soul.
I wouldn't touch you, with a
thirty-nine-and-a-half foot pole.
You're a vile one, Mr. Grinch.
You have termites in your smile.
You have all the tender sweetness
Of a seasick crocodile.
Given the choice between the two of you
I'd take the seasick crockodile.
You're a foul one, Mr. Grinch.
You're a nasty, wasty skunk.
Your heart is full of unwashed socks
Your soul is full of gunk.
The three words that best describe you, are as follows, and I quote:
You're a rotter, Mr. Grinch.
You're the king of sinful sots.
Your heart's a dead tomato splotched
With moldy purple spots,
Your soul is an apalling dump heap overflowing
with the most disgraceful assortment of deplorable
Mangled up in tangled up knots.
You nauseate me, Mr. Grinch.
With a nauseaus super-naus.
You're a crooked jerky jockey
And you drive a crooked hoss.
You're a three decker saurkraut and toadstool sandwich
With arsenic sauce! http://player.discoveryeducation.com/index.cfm?guidAssetId=060A05F2-6131-406B-BAD5-0562DD9368D6&blnFromSearch=1&productcode=US Click on the video link below to watch a video of Click, Clack Moo: Cows that Type Logon to Discovery Education